Grade Biology Questions

List the levels of organization from kingdom to species. 3. What is binomial nomenclature? 4. Who is Carl Linnaeus? 5. What is a dichotomous key? 6. Draw and label the lifestyle off DNA virus. 7. Distinguish between DNA and RNA viruses. 8. Compare eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells. 9. Define cuscus, bacillus, streptococcus, and spiritual? 10. What are 3 examples of helpful bacteria? 1 1 . What do bacteria need to grow and reproduce? 12. How do we inhibit growth of bacteria? 13.

How do bacteria reproduce (sexual and asexual)? 4. Protests move in a variety of ways – explain 3. 15. How do protests get their energy? 16. How do protests reproduce? 17. Describe 3 different fungi and how they are a useful kingdom. 18. Define McCollum and happy. Unit 2 Plants 19. Name the tissue through which water is transported in a plant. How does it move against the force of gravity? 20. What does it mean when we describe the Source to Sink flow of sugar in a plant? 21. Differentiate between monocot stems and idiotic stems. Ditto for the roots and leaves. 22.

What is the function of guard cells? How do they work? 23. What are 3 functions off root? 4. How are seeds dispersed? 25. What’s in a seed? Unit 3 Genetics 26. Why do cells divide? 27. Define chromosome, chromatin, sister chromatics, homologous chromosomes. 28. Describe the structure and function of DNA. 29. Differentiate between mitosis and meiosis. Make a chart and draw pictures! 30. Define eukaryote, introduction, synapses (tetras), mutation, random assortment? 31 . Define phenotype/genotype, homozygous/heterozygous, allele/gene, hybrid/pure bred, dominant/recessive. 2. Do the genetics problems AGAIN! ( incomplete, dominance, multiple alleles, co-dominance, sex linked) 33. What is a pedigree, gene therapy, a test cross, inbreeding? Digestion 34. Summarize the 6 nutrients. 35. Make a summary chart for chemical indicators (iodine, Benedicts, and Beirut’s). 36. Describe 3 disorders associated with the digestive system. 37. Trace the path of a hamburger being digested. Identify the structures and describe the stages of digestion that occur along the way. 38. Draw the lock and key model.

Describe 3 features of enzymes. Give 3 examples of enzymes and their substrates. 39. Define peristalsis, oscilloscope, sphincter, chime, bolus, epiglottis, argue, and vile. Respiration 40. What are the features of a good gas exchange surface? 41 . What happens to air as it travels through the nasal passages? 42. List the structures through which air passes as you inhale/exhale. 43. Define vital capacity, residual volume, tidal volume, IRVIN, and REV. 44. Explain how inhalation/exhalation is controlled.

Include the breathing control center and the contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm and intercourse muscles; as well as pressure and volume changes. 45. What conditions might increase/decrease your breathing rate? 46. Describe 3 different health problems affecting the respiratory system. Circulation 47. What are the functions of blood? 48. Name the blood types and who can give to whom. 49. Name the components of blood and describe the primary function of each component. 50. What does blood pressure measure? How do you measure it? How does it change? 1 . Trace the path of a red blood cell from the superior even cave to the aorta. 52. How does the heart beat? Include AS node and VA node. 53. Compare arteries, veins, and capillaries. Unit 5 Evolution 54. What are 6 lines of evidence that are studied in relation to the theory of evolution? 55. Distinguish between the following pairs of terms: ) Homologous, analogous, and vestigial features b) Directional, stabilizing, and disruptive selection c) Convergent and divergent evolution d) Natural and artificial selection e) Bottleneck and founder populations 56.

What did Darwin do before writing The Origin of Species? 57. List 4 reproductive isolating mechanisms. 58. What are the 5 conditions that must be met for a population to be in equilibrium? Diagrams stages of mitosis and meiosis digestive system heart monocot and idiotic stems leaf cross section flower diagram Pointers Read the homework assigned Re-write your notes in a shorter, condensed format.