Habitat Management

What is the meaning of habitat?
An area with a combination of resources (food, water, cover, space) and environmental conditions (temperature, precipitation, presence or absence of predators) that promotes occupancy by individuals of a given species and allows those individuals to survive and reproduce.
What is High quality habitat?
It supports high survival and reproductive rates over relatively long periods of time (population persistence)
What is marginal habitat?
It promotes occupancy but rates of survival and reproduction are low
What is a “Sink” or ecological trap habitat?
It promotes occupancy but individuals cannot survive or reproduce
What is the difference in selection and preference in habitats?
Use is selective if components (habitat types) are exploited disproportionately to their availability

Use is preference if use is independent of availability

What is patch diversity?
Number and relative area of habitat patches within a landscape
What are daily energy needs based on?
Basal metabolism, activity, reproduction/growth
What limits animals from getting food?
Seasonal availability
Accessibility
Palatability
What is a food plot?
planted blocks of grain adjacent to winter and escape cover
What is a feeding station?
specific site where food is provided in a feeder
What are dangers of using artificial food management for wildlife?
Concentration of wildlife to the site may attract predators or facilitate transfer of disease
Spoilage (fungi and mold) of food supply which may poison animals
What is cover used for?
Escape: avoid predators
Thermal: protection from wind, freezing rain, snow, and cold temperatures.
Protection from sun and high temperatures.
Loafing: rest and conserve energy.
Feeding: place to feed.
Breeding/Nesting/Brooding: place to reproduce, nest, and care for young.