Michele Faculty said “modern forms of power are discursive and discreet. ” He believed that power is crafted through language and the practices in which language is entrenched. Donna Hardware, like Faculty, thinks about power in a post- structuralism way, believing that it exist everywhere and shapes our reality. Both Faculty and Hardware see knowledge as a form of power, through knowledge institutions are able to control and define what truth is.
Hardware uses the discourse f science as a way to examine the relationship between power and knowledge. Hardware sees science as a major form of knowledge power. She believes that scientific institutions are able to control what people perceive about our world. In modern societies these intuitions are believed to produce “truth”. However, Hardware says that this “truth” is only partial because knowledge is constructed by people in particular places and time. She says that there are two forms of knowledge-power: objectivism and situated.
In objectivism knowledge-power the knower is never seen and is never wrong, such as the scientist. Situated knowledge-power has a knower who is visible and contextual. For Hardware, situated knowledge produces absolute truth because it acknowledges the partiality and bias of the producer. The more situated a truth is the more objective it is, objective meaning not influenced by opinions or feelings. Hardware says “self-identity does not produce science; critical positioning does, that is, objectivity.
Because science is a form of power it is important to remember that it is not always objective. Institutions within certain cultures use science as a mode to control and define the population. If science knowledge is used in this way and is also subjective then it is impossible to know truth, according to Hardware. Faculty believes that these forms of power are inescapable, he believes that power is neither gained nor lost; it is Just everywhere.
However, Hardware believes hat by being objective and partial we can transcend false truths and therefore, power is gained. For Hardware situated knowledge is important in feminist approach to science -both natural and social- because it eliminates the idea of universal experience for all women. This ethnocentrism is subjective and therefore, not absolutely true. The acknowledgment of self and situated knowledge allows us to move beyond essentialist and clearly see the ways in which our world works. Hayward and Knowledge Power By Asymmetric