Health planning is that planning that targets at bettering the health and providing a better and available health services.
This will in turn encourage the promotion of providing efficient services to the whole societies. It also ensures that there is a good access to health services. It can also be defined as the planning the required health together with the provision of the necessary services to the community (Coffield, Berwick, Nolan 8).
Program evaluation as in (Coffield, Berwick,Nolan 36), is a legitimate advance to learning the goals, processes and the influence of projects. This is used both in the public and also in the private divide and its usually learned in many institutions.
Evaluation in the United States became useful in the 1960s. Program evaluation can make use of various methods and one of them being the quantitative of the social research, and the other one being qualitative or even both methods can also be used (Coffield, Berwick, Nolan 43).
People dealing with program evaluation do come from diverse fields or rather backgrounds including social work, economics, psychology, and many other fields. This program is also offered at various training institutions including the major universities.
As seen from the definitions, health planning is all about providing access to quality health care. Since there has being a good knowledge on health matters, better ways of dealing with sickness have been found. This is to mean that there are efficient methods of preventing, diagnosing and even curing diseases(Coffield, Berwick, Nolan 49).
As a result, the health of many Americans has drastically ameliorated. But as the health of many improve, it is evident that some other Americans do not get good health services.
This might be because of their differences in race, socioeconomic status or even the differences in ethnicity. As a result, health care disparities are realized among the Americans themselves.
The deliverance of health services in these health institutions differs a lot depending on some the factors which have just been listed above. It is evident in the many people dealing with the provision of health services and are also responsible for the public health care.
Components of Health Care Quality
Quality health care simply means giving the right services to the targeted people. Therefore quality health care has got the following components to ensure that quality health care s delivered.
l Effectiveness—This means that health services be provided strictly to those patients who need those services and should be provided with the scientific knowledge and also be provided by the specialized persons.
l Safety—means protecting patients from injuries during the time of care giving by the health care providers
l Timely—this means that the person giving the care should be very punctual and at the same time the patient should also be punctual to avoid unnecessary delays that eventually might turn out to be harmful especially the patient
l Patient centered—this is the providing of care that matches the patients needs and desires.
l Equitable—delivering good care equally to all patients without discriminating against race and socioeconomic status.
l Efficiency—this means that one is to give patients required care without realizing any wastage in terms of equipment, material and time.(Coffield, Berwick, Nolan 78)
Quality of the health care that is given to the patients is determined in many ways some of which are listed here under
l Clinical performance-this is a way that is used in finding out if the patients have been given the right care by the care givers and how well has the service been delivered.
l It can also be determined by the patients assessing the service providers on how well are they are delivering the service to the patients and even their relationship is also looked at during such assessments.
l Outcome measures—this is looked from a different angle for example the death rates in a particular hospital, if the rates are high then it translates to poor service delivery and the vice versa is also true when the death rates are low in a particular health care unit.(Coffield, Berwick, Nolan 85)
From the research that has been done by many scholars it is evident that disparity cases that are in relation to race, ethnicity and others which are related to the socioeconomic status are still permeating the systems of the health care in the United states.
This usually does vary from one health care unit to the other, it clearly differs but all the same they are put under observation by some other private companies (Coffield, Berwick,Nolan 102).
They are put under observation in many prospects of their operation i.e the operation of the public health care units in their abilities to try to deliver health care. The prospects that are mainly under observation have the inclusion of the following;
l Observation is being done in all the extents of quality care delivery for example ensuring the safety of patients while delivering the required care and service, and also timeliness and so on.
l Also in the extents of the access to the public health care units which has the inclusion of factors that stop people from getting to the near by health care unit and be given services.
l And lastly the levels and the many types of care for example the preventive care and so on that are given to the patients.
Coffield A.B,Berwick D.M,Nolan P, ‘Disparities and effective clinical care’, “Cambridge”, Harvard university press,2006.