History nation communicate.Oliver Evans was born in Newport,

History of
the steam engineIndustrial RevolutionThe
Industrial Revolution in the U.S. began at the end of the Civil War. As the
nation rebuilt itself, American business men were building on the progress made
in Europe. Railroads
were very important to increasing the trade in the U.S. By the start of the
Civil War, railroads already connected important Midwestern cities with the
East coast.In
1794, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. It made the separation of
cotton seeds from fiber much faster. The South increased its cotton supply,
sending cotton north to be made into cloth.Eli Whitney
also came up with the idea to use interchangeable parts to make muskets. If
standard parts were made by machine, then they could be assembled much more
quickly. This became an important part of American manufacturing.In
1846, Elias Howe created the sewing machine. It revolutionized
clothing manufacture. Not long after this clothing began to be made in
factories opposed to at home.The invention
of the telegraph in 1844, the telephone in 1876, and the radio in 1895 all
helped the nation communicate.Oliver
Evans was born in Newport, Delaware on September 13, 1755. His parents were
Charles and Ann Stalcop Evans. His father was a cordwainer. Cordwainer is a
shoemaker who makes shoes from new leather. Oliver was the fifth of twelve
children. He had four sisters and seven brothers.Evans was
employed to a wheelwright at the age of 16. A wheelwright makes or repairs
wooden wheels. Observing the propellant force of steam in a gun, Evans began to
figure out ways to control steam for propulsion.In 1784, at
the age of 29, he built a factory outside of Philadelphia. He created a
manufacturing line so that everything in the mill was automatic. Work was
required only to turn on the mill. Power was supplied by waterwheels, and grain
was fed in at one end, passed through the machines and came out the other end
as flour. From 1787
and 1790 he invented the high-pressure steam engine. He continued to work on
this for the years, imagining both a stationary engine for industry and an
engine to move people and goods on land and water.In 1805, a
new steam-engine called the Orukter Amphibolos, or Amphibious was invented.
Equipped with wheels, it ran on land as well as on water, making it the first
powered road vehicle to work in the U.S.Over the
next 10 years, he made over a 100 steam engines that were used to press cotton,
tobacco, and paper.His last
project was completed in 1817. It was a 24-horsepower high-pressure engine for
a business for managing a water supply.In basic terms, there are four
parts to a steam engine. •         
A fire where coal burns to make heat.•         
A boiler full of water that the fire heats up to make
A cylinder and a piston (similar to a bike pump), but
much bigger.  Steam from the boiler is
piped into the cylinder causing the piston to move first one way, and then the
other.  This in and out movement is known
as reciprocating, and the movement is used to drive the machine.•         
A machine is attached to the piston. The machine can
be anything from a factory machine, to a water pump, to a steam locomotive.In the
years 1825 to 1964, steam engines were used for railway transportation in most
of the world. Steam engines were not just used for just railway though. In 1890
to 1920, steam engines where used as steam tractors used for farming.Steam
engines are used to power electric generators. People also tried to make a
steam car, some succeeded but most of them had a tendency to blow up. Steam
trains, tractors, and cars have been replaced by gasoline engines. In the
early 1900s, the Grand Canyon used steam powered locomotives as a way of
transporting visitors to the canyon, as it was faster than by stagecoach. (For
those nostalgia buffs, the Grand Canyon Railroad offers a trip by steam
locomotive on limited days throughout the year.)Overall,
steam engines helped usher in the Industrial Revolution. Factories no longer
needed to be located near a river. This allowed for manufacturing to occur in
other areas. The engines also helped transform transportation, bringing goods
and people to places that were previously difficult to reach.