Honors Ecology

Benthic Plants

aquatic plants that grow attached to or are rooted in the bottom of a body of water

Submerged Aquatic Vegetation

bethic plants that grow (in most instances) completely under water (SAV)

Emergent Vegetation

benthic plants that grow with the lower portions in the water, but the upper portions extend above the water


* water that is nutrien poor


* it is unable to support much phytoplankton

the process by which nutrient rich water promotes the growth of algae and leads to oxygen depletion
Cultural Eutrophication
the acceleration of natural eutrophication due to humans

(P) an element found in phosphate (PO4-3), a nutrient known to cause eutrophication



(N) an element found in nitrates (NO3), nitrites (NO2), and ammonium (NH+4), nutrients known to cause eutrophication


Best Management Practices


methods that may be used to minimize erosion, runoff, and leaching

(ex. ground cover, riparian buffers, poreous pavements, etc.)

Raw Sewage
completely untreated wastewater

a conditon in which water is completely lacking in oxygen

NO “O”