In other words, a psychologist explores why people think andbehave the way they do. His/her main function is to diagnose and treat avariety of mental health and emotional problems. This type of healthprofessional typically specializes in one particular area such as: elderly,children, couples or families.
The term social worker generallyapplied to graduates of educational programs (either with bachelor’s ormaster’s degrees) in social work who are employed in the field of socialwelfare. A psychologist, www.psychologyschoolguide.netlogsocial-workers-vs-psychologists on the other hand, musthave a doctoral degree (Ph.D., Psy.D.
or Ed.D.) to practice.
It is not requiredto major in psychology in order to enter a graduate psychologyprogram. Once the psychologist has successfullyreceived his/her master’s degree in a psychology-related area, he/she must obtain a doctoral degreein psychology, complete a supervisedinternship (in psychology) and pass a licensure and/or certification exam. A social worker is a change agent, a helper who isspecifically employed for the purpose of creating planned change(Pincus, 1973, p. 54). A change social worker agent is expected tobe skilled at working with individuals, groups, families, and organizations,and in bringing about community changes.
Baker (1999) adds the mission of social workers help people increase their capacities for problem solving and coping, and they helpthem obtain needed resources, prevent dysfunction, facilitate interactions between individualsand between people and their environments, makeorganization responsible to people,and influence social policies. Socialworkers convey these roles because they are the person in environmentperspective (PIE); this is based on the idea that one cannot understand theproblems of individuals without understanding the context in which they occur.Hence there is a reciprocal relationship between the client and theirenvironment (system). This is where the social worker has to see if theenvironment has an effect whether negative or positive on the client. Thesocial workers practice at three level micro, mezzo and macro.
Micro is workingwith individuals, mezzo is working with small groups and families and macro isworking with organization, community & society. With this in mind social workersare uniquely trained to help their clients function optimally within theirenvironments by analyzing the role of the various systems and intervening. According www.sjsu.
edu.peopleathan.thomascoursesswthe characteristic of a social worker is to promote social change, enhancesproblem solving in human relationship, and facilitates empowerment andliberation of people to enhance well-being, respond to demands of living andpromote citizen’s rights. According toclassroom.synonym.com>classroom the roles of a psychologist are toobserve the influence of cultural beliefs, environments and situations on humanactions, including relationships and social interactions.
Psychologists employseveral techniques, such as hypnosis, clinical observations and subjectinterviews, for their studies. These studies help them understand the differentpersonalities and behavioral aspects of people, and this understanding can helpimprove interactions between different people, cultures and countries topromote better relations. Therefore psychologists also study behaviors andmental developments of human beings at all stages of life, from infancy to oldage this is where Eric Erikson theory come in.
Such studies help healthcareproviders diagnose and treat harmful behaviors, such as smoking, drugaddictions and alcohol abuse. These studies also help manage or even delaydisabilities resulting from aging. There are several similarities and differences socialworkers and psychologists. Both provide counselingsupportive functions to theclients