Indonesian hair was plastered to his forehead” (7).

Indonesian economist and practitioner, Toba Beta once said, “Laws are made not to be broken. They are made to curb our savagery.” All citizens must follow the laws made by the government or society. Laws tell people what one can or cannot do in a society. Without laws people would be free to do whatever they wanted to but at the same time humans would turn into savages. In the novel Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, the book shows how order and control can go a long way in a community and when laws are not enforced, it can cause destruction in many ways. William Golding tells the readers through the story how order and control is obtained and enforced at first, but then disrespected, broken and forgotten. As the story unfolds, author William Golding argues that without a sense of order and control, men will be corrupted. Golding argues this by directly and indirectly characterizing two of the main characters, Jack and Ralph. Ralph and Jack’s appearance proves that without a sense of order and control, men will be corrupted. The physical appearance of the Ralph and Jack changes throughout the novel. At the start of the book, the boys have recently crash landed on the island. Ralph’s appearance is described on the first page of the book. “The boy with fair hair lowered himself down the last few feet of rock and began to pick his way toward the lagoon. Though he had taken off his school sweater and trailed it now from one hand, his grey sweatshirt stuck to him and his hair was plastered to his forehead” (7). As the story goes on, a new character is introduced named Jack. When the readers meet Jack, he is still wearing his school uniform. “Inside the floating cloak he was tall, thin, and bony; and his hair was red beneath the black cap” (20).  The boys look like they would on a normal day in Britain. They are clean and wearing proper clothes. At this point, this is when the boys are at their most civil. This is because they have just been introduced to the island. But as the story continues the readers can see how Jack and Ralph’s appearance begins to change for the worst. New fears and lack of rules possess the children’s minds and it does not take long for the first signs of savagery to become visible. As the story progresses, the readers notice an obvious change in Ralph’s appearance. “He would like to have a pair of scissors and cut his hair-he flung the mess back-cut his filthy hair right back to half an inch. He would like to have a bath, a proper wallow with soap” (109). Jack however, is changing purposely. On pages 63 and 64 of the novel, Jack finds colored clay and smears it on his face creating a mask. He looked at his reflection and began to dance “and his laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling” (64). Golding also mentioned that this mask was a way for Jack to hide his shame and self-consciousness. The boys now look more like savages and less like British schoolboys. The reader can now begin to notice how Jack and Ralph contrast with each other. On one hand, Ralph constantly has shame in his lack of appearance and cleanliness. The worse his appearance becomes, the more he wishes he could go back to being clean and well-groomed. On the other hand, Jack is one of the mot savage on the island. He goes as far as rubbing mud, clay and ashes on his face. This action allows the boys to act like savages without feeling self-conscious about their behavior. This stretches away from civilized clothing and appearance. Near the end of the book, the difference between Jack and Ralph’s appearance is obvious. Ralph’s appearance has changed by the amount of time spent on the island. Golding shows the readers this on page 183 by explaining the bruised and bloody flesh on Ralph’s right ribs created by the spear and his hair full of dirt. Alternatively, Golding shows the readers Jack’s appearance on page 160. “The chief was sitting there, naked to the waist, his face blocked out in white and red” (160). Once again, these two quotes show the reader how the boys have turned into savages as the book progresses. The more clothing the boys lost the more savage they became. Jack was halfway naked and he was the most savage but Ralph wanted to go back to how he was showing that he was less savage than Jack. The clothes that people wear or do not wear suggests the willingness to follow rules and shows whether or not people are able of to be part of society in both real life and in Lord of the Flies.     Ralph and Jack’s personality proves that without a sense of order and control, men will be corrupted. As the boy’s appearance changed, it was evident that their personalities were also changing. Ralph was elected as chief on the island. “Ralph raised a hand for silence” (22). Jack, on the flip side was not as kind. On page 20 when the boys were at a meeting, while Piggy was talking, Jack told him he was talking too much and to shut up. Golding contrasted the boys personalities. By nature, Ralph is an innocent boy who accepts leadership and is firm when given the role of chief. This shows that Ralph can be empathetic while still being able to order and control the boys. Jack however, is portrayed from the beginning as being rude and thoughtless. He is very controlling and the other boys seem to listen to him out of fear rather than respect. As the readers read on, they learn that Ralph is turning more savage. When Ralph is hunting he hits a boar with his spear, “‘I hit him,’ said Ralph again, ‘and the spear stuck in a bit'”(113). Similar to Ralph, Jack also turns more savage. “Jack had him by the hair and was brandishing his knife” (114). The more time Ralph spends on the island, the more he loses his innocence. He now feels like he needs to be recognized by everyone and is starting to enjoy the thrill of hunting. Jack also has become more savage without control from Ralph. He shows no compassion and his only goal is to hunt. Towards the end of the book, Ralph says “‘Supposing we go, looking like we used to, washed and hair brushed–after all we aren’t savages really and being rescued isn’t a game–‘”(133).  Jack and many of the others are described as “Savages appeared, painted out of recognition, edging round the ledge toward the neck” (136). Without rules, Jack had become such a savage that the author had just referred to him as “savage”. There is a big difference between Jack and Ralph here. Ralph still has a sense of identity as a civilized person or at least has hope for one. Jack however transforms and doesn’t care. He reaches the worst version of himself by simply being on an island without rules. The experiences the boys have gone through on the island without rules and control, have transformed them into new people.