Moreover, health care system is a giant and complex system that involves many parties. It is not an easy task to improve the delivery system. Still, to improve health care delivery is an urgent issue for many reasons, such as for the system to become more far reaching in rural areas. By using mobile technology, many innovative things have already been done. For example, applications that can help elders and people who suffer from chronicle diseases. There are also applications that can assist smoking cessation programs, which will prevent other diseases in the long run.
Also, internet enables ways that pharmacy store operates, which brings convenience into people’s lives. In addition, internet changes the way how patients and physicians interact with each other. In summary, internet has improved how health-care system being delivered. Introduction Since the inception of the internet in 1 990, internet has indeed become one of the most truly revolutionary creations in the 20th century. Recently, with the inception and development of high technology gadgets, internet is gradually becoming a necessity in people’s lives.
Nowadays, from daily purchasing to planning a trip, everything can be finished online. Especially the smart devices we now use and rely so much on have turned not only the business world upside down, but also change people’s daily lives. Taking the mobile devices for example, there will be 10 billion mobile phones in use in the globe by the end of 2016 (World Health Organization 201 1). While APS with no real life value is getting investments, which causes Silicon Valley starts to suspect if the world is in a giant technology bubble, technology innovation indeed changes the traditional ways of health care delivery.
First and foremost, technology changes how health care is delivered. And from here, it offers new opportunities for patients and professionals, making health care delivery more proactive and patient oriented. Furthermore, it changes the way of how people conventionally perceive disease treatment. Internet and technology innovation helps people to prevent disease rather than Cure them. The essay will mainly discuss how mobile devices enable different possibilities for health care delivery. Also, the essay will discuss how easy internet access nowadays plays a part in health care deliveries.
Rural Area Health Care Access In order to understand the performance of a large scale system as health care yester, one needs to know briefly how each element in this system works. Then one can possibly understand how technology improves the Health care system delivery. Medical system has multiple individual parts, such as patients with different medical conditions, doctors, pharmacies, hospitals, rehabilitation services, home nursing and many more. Health care providers generally want to serve patients effectively with minimum costs, while patients expect safe, effective treatment immediately available when needed.
Even various stakeholders might have slight difference over their agreements; generally the similar outcomes are expected from health care system. The six quality aims for 21st century health care system are respectively safety, effectiveness, timeliness, patient-centeredness, efficiency and equity. The improvement for all the six items require the understanding of performance measures and decisions for trade-offs among them (Hollander et al. 2005 cited by West 2012). Being such a complex system, one faces many challenges when try to use technology to improve the delivery of the service.
Innovated ways are required, and at the same time, the outcomes eve to meet the expectation of the patients. This coverage of this essay is quite limited. It mainly focuses on how internet has aided the delivery of health care and hence benefits a majority of people. First and foremost, internet has improved the accessibility of health care, which is especially crucial for patients who live in rural areas of developed countries. However, even in the most developed country, there are still rural areas. And how to extend health care access is the challenge for all nations in concern.
Take Japan for instance, even it is highly developed in its urban areas, there are still mountain areas far from cities. Medical Platform Asia provided the rural residents in Hookah G wireless devices which can record and transmit blood pressure and weight (McMillan 2006). In China, rural physicians have been equipped with mobile devices that can access electronic health records and other data bases. Singapore developed a mobile health application named Health Buddy. Health Buddy provides a list of symptoms and possible treatments.
Tips and videos are also provided along the way to promote good health (West 2012). All these methods are e-health care. The concept of E- lath care is based on utilizing internet as a great tool for gallivanting, promoting and communicating consumers in acquiring appropriate health care and gaining access to health care services (Goldstein, 2000). Other developing countries such as India, Malawi, and Bangladesh also utilize E- health care by different degrees. Patients: Passive to Active Role Shift The other example is how patients can gain easy access to health information using internet.
It has been indicated that people from developed country such as China, Brazil, India, Mexico, and Russia tend to have a bigger reliance on internet health information searching. This is related economical reason of health care delivery in developed countries. In developed countries, the cost of seeing a medical professional face to face is high (World Health Organization 2011). There are other barriers for accessing reliable internet health information, for instance, the language. The 20 most popular global health sites are based in the United States.
Still, it has been reported that internet health information is the most sought out information on the internet (McMillan 2006). Patients are gaining at least basic information of lath information, possibly related to their own conditions. Such phenomenon is made possible for the prevalence of internet. The merits for patients use the internet to access health information are two. The first one is the shifting Of the role of the patients. From the previous passive receivers, patients are now more active in consuming health information (McMillan 2006).
The patient here is considered as consumer for health care service. In another research done using Australian complex health care system, the researcher pointed out that a shift of thinking treating patients as passive givers to active consumers is needed. And indeed such shift of thinking is needed in many countries. Especially in Australia’s complex health care systems, where consumers are not only pertain to patients but many other parts of the system (Wad 2002). Internet health information may only be a humble beginning in utilizing the internet to bring more changes.
There are criticisms for health information provided on line, which such information has potential negative impact on patients and physician relationship (McMillan 2006; Anderson, Rainy & Schnabel 2003). Still when use properly, it creates ewe windows for patients and physicians communications. The other opportunity of health care delivery offered by the internet might not be exactly the same. Secondly, since now patients are arriving at the clinic with basic knowledge of their condition, the patient-doctor communication is not as one sided as before, but become more patient oriented.
However, for this shift to successfully take place, health professionals need not to view the internet source as potential threats, but acknowledge patients search for information, meanwhile guide the patient to more accurate and reliable information (McMillan 2006). Internet Pharmacy: Convenience and Safety Internet seems to bring endless possibilities for those who are involved in the business world. In the case of online stores and e-commerce, the internet provides alternative forms aside from additional selling and buying. Online pharmacy is made popular for a few reasons.
Online pharmacy provides convenience for patients. First of all, it reduces cost dramatically. Secondly, it offers greater convenience. Last but not the least, it help patients avoid embarrassment. These are perceived benefits by consumers. However, according to Whoso report in 201 1, there are many safety threats when arches medicines online. It is the researchers’ duty to establish a system that consumers can use as references when use internet pharmacies. A few methods include examining the location of the internet pharmacy, checking the packaging etc (World Health Organization 201 1).
Enhanced Consumer Experiences: Elders, Expectant Mothers and More Peter Lloyd defines the term consumer as an individual person who acquires or uses a service or good (Lloyd 2002). There are many potential improvement opportunities offered by the internet for health care system. The most prominent one is improved customer experience. Enhanced customer experience can include many aspects, such as enabling elder patients and expectant mothers, helping patients their chronic disease management, and improve health care system outcomes and medical system efficiency. The first example is helping elderly and expectant women.
For the elder group, the biggest health issue is that they often forget to take their daily prescription drugs. The statistics show that nearly 50% of patients do not follow their prescriptions (West 2012). They either forget to take their drugs at all or they do not follow time or dosage prescribed by the doctor. That means more than half of elder’s health care benefits are generally reduced by human error. Mobile technology together With internet technology can help with this situation. For starters, patients do not have to visit clinicians’ offices to be reminded.
Patients can receive alerts via automated phone calls and emails, and via e-mails. Lots of the automated alerts are enabled by mobile applications. Software called Healthcare offered by an American company called Dynamited Solutions is a perfect example. This software reminds patients to take their medicines on time, set up appointments, and enable hem to track compliance with doctor’s medical instructions. This is not the only Copy of virtual health assistants. Many other virtual health assistances use the aid of technology to help patients who suffer from chronicle diseases.
These patients need their records to be kept in track in order to keep in touch with their caregivers. Moreover, this kind of virtual software integrates patients’ electronic medical records and is able to store information in patients’ personal records (West 2012). Another example is an app called “coaching app” developed by Dry. Robert Schwarzenegger (West 2012). This app is signed for chronic disease sufferers. By using a subscription model, this app guides its user to deal with weight loss, diabetes and blood pressure control. The other types of health care users who need attention are expectant mothers.
For instance, in the less developed areas such as Bangladesh, maternity morality is still a cause for women’s’ death. And infants fatality comprise of 75% of deaths under age five (West 2012). Apparently there are hidden problems that are not being identified in time or not being attended to. To raise patients’ awareness, doctors in Bangladesh launched an initiative called Embellishment. The initiative provides information for all scenarios for expectant mothers, such as tips for taking care of pregnant women, early warning signs of possible problems of infants, the benefits of family planning best practice, breast feeding best practices.
Some chronicle disease and health problem are improved by using mobile devices. For instance, there is a study focusing on the positive effects on smoking cessation program brought by mobile devices. There are 47 applications designed to help people fight for stop smoking (West, 2012). These applications can count cigarettes smoked daily, employing quota yester, or calculators that sought to diminish smoking levels. The program originally found hope in text message when comes to smoking intervention.
However, app interventions are more user-friendly. The quality of intervention is more obvious comparing when use APS. However, many mobile APS still need to connect to more exterior sources, such as health clinics or health counseling services. The researcher also suggested that application developers stick with public on smoking cessations guidelines. By doing that, surely the application contents for smoking cessation will become ore relevant. Hence the quality and experience of using this app will be enhanced.
Fifth mobile device smoking cessation program is more successful than usual health care intervention, or at least aid the intervention effectively. It is apparent that a number of smoking related diseases can be further prevented. In this way, not only the quality of health care delivery is improved, but also the effectiveness of health care is enhanced. An example for chronicle disease is diabetes. In Mexico, diabetes have become the biggest chronic health care problem (West 2012). In addition, it as been estimated that more than 15% adults are living with diabetes.
A clinical research examines how G wireless internet access can help in diabetes management in improving patients care, especially for marginalia communities. Patients use this application to access online videos, and to send interactive questionnaires to health care workers etc. The responses of the patients are encoded into the database which are made immediately available for health care providers to review and do follow-ups. By using APS to manage big patient groups such as diabetes groups is more effective then the traditional way.