Introduction kids are affected, but those influences directly

Introduction

            It
is evident that thousands of children are used as soldiers in most of the armed
conflicts in some regions around the world. Both boys and girls some of whom
are as young as eight years old are
serving as soldiers in armed resistant
groups as well as the government forces. The work of the young soldiers in the
army is diverse they may be found the fight
on the front lines in the battlefield,
taking part in suicide missions, used as spies, watch outs or even messengers. It
is quite unfortunate that most of the
girls who are recruited are forced into sexual slavery. Most of the young soldiers are recruited by force
or abducted while some of them just joined because they were desperate and had
false of hope in the armed groups as the best chance of survival in the conflict-ridden regions. An estimated 250, 000 teenage,
or rather children used as solder existed
all over the world.  

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

 For
this case, the children were always sent into the battlefields as infantry so that they can draw fire away from the
adult warriors. This has been a huge problem; therefore, in response, the most of the members of the
international community has taken the initiative
to curtail the issue all over the world. For instance, the USA implemented the
Child Soldier Prevention Act of 2008. The law was
enacted with the primary purpose of assisting the target of eradicating child
soldier by restricting the United States from sending military aid to nations
with government-supported armed groups 
which comprised of militias, paramilitaries, or even the civil defense
forces which actively recruit as well as use children as soldiers (Denov, & Marchand, 2014).  The
paper discusses and expounds on the use of child soldiers across the globe and
how this issue can be eradicated. It is quite inhuman to use children as soldiers where
they are expendable instead of caring and protecting them.

 

Historical
Context

            The
entire world has been witnessing conflicts in Syria, Iraq, Ukraine and some other regions in the globe,
the impact of these armed wrangles have been undeniably tragic on human life. However, there is nowhere is the tragedy highly
pronounced and visible than the effect the conflicts have had no children.  Most civilian kids are affected, but those influences
directly by the war are the child soldiers. In the world, the Asian and the
African continents are the ones who are
most affected by the issue of using
children as soldiers. Nations in these regions have been under conflict in the
past century and the beginning of the 21st century. However, currently, most of the countries, which had
child soldiers, are working with the international community to eradicate the
use of children as soldiers (Amone-P’Olak, Stochl, Ovuga, Abbott, Meiser-Stedman,
Croudace, & Jones, 2014).   

            Nations affected with the issue of a child soldier in Africa include Uganda, Chad, Ivory Coast, Burundi, Somalia, Central
African Republic, Sudan and the Democratic
Republic of Congo. In Asia, we have
nations such as Iraq, Israel, Palestine, Afghanistan, Nepal, India, Sri Lanka,
Burma, Thailand, Philippines, and Indonesia. While only Columbia is affected by the issue in
South America (Hamberg, 2013).

Child soldiers have been in
use since the early 1980s for more than two decades. The young soles who are often forced to be
soldiers have been found to be desirable as well as reliable as soldiers since
they are easier to manipulate than adults are while they have an undeveloped
sense of danger as opposed to their adult counterparts. Furthermore, the
children do not ask for salaries and require fewer resources during the armed
conflicts than the adults (Isaac, 2014).

 

 

Theoretical Perspective

            Social
constructivism concentrates on the significance of concepts and ideas in the international
relations with the primary theory being the interdependent relationship between the
social context and the players as well as the power of ideation. In this context, the nature of players may not be described without referring to their social
context basis. The main players in this issue are the countries. However, they
exist a wide range of players who determine the nation’s politics. Constructivism
embraces the concept of change while challenging the primary materialistic idea if international relationship since it
focuses on the role of identities, ideas,
as well as norms. While considering the issue of children as soldiers in armed conflicts, it is rational to assume that
constructivists would oppose the fact that a global normative shift may be
required to guarantee the compliance of any regulations and laws concerning the
use of children as soldiers (Adler, 2013).  

            Norms
are concepts, which describe the social understanding of various standards of behaviour. Hence, they matter a lot even though
norm does not determine the outcome.
However, they define them as well as limit
the range of recommended choices of policy that are acceptable while
reformulating the understanding of interest. Therefore, there is a necessity to
ensure a global shift in the norms to achieve a realistic solution to the issue
of child soldiers. Some players have to
interact in a way that can challenge the collective international understanding
of the use of child soldiers. Also, the
children who are at risk of becoming
soldiers must not be in a social condition that can force or lead them to
believe that the only hope of survival is by being a soldier (Adler, 2013).  

            The most
tangible solution to the issue is the robust involvement of epistemic
communities. Apart from the countries, instructions and other players, ideas
play a significant role the shaping of international politics. The international system can get this idea by organising conferences, seminars, public discussions,
and press conferences to deal with the issue (Adler,
2013).  

Canada’s History Of the Problem

            In
Canada’s war effort the children have played a significant role. The issue of a child soldier is directly associated with
Canada since the country once used children as war tools. During the Second
World War almost 700, 000 Canadians under age of 21 served in uniform. At time
children as young as 13 years would attempt to enlist in the military. Most
were accepted while those rejected served in Merchant Navy and supported the
efforts of the war by transporting the troops as well as materials overseas. The
youngest Canadian soldier to die at war was 16 years old. This is a direct indication that Canada at some
point utilized child soldiers (Veteran Affairs Canada).

Worlds Reaction

            The
United Nations and the International
Community signed a treaty to abolish the
recruitment as well as the use of child soldiers.  The agreement
required that children under the age of 18 must never the recruited into the
military. The reaction by the international community has managed to save over
115,000 children from armed groups and forces. The UN holds that the most
efficient way of offering protection to the children is by sustaining peace and
preventing as well as resolving conflicts. 
The international community has the obligation of finding the best ways of influencing the players in conflicts while illustrating the economic costs
of war. When the process of peace is initiated,
there must be a corresponding procedure to offer child protection from the
beginning (Poretti, Hanson, Darbellay, &
Berchtold, 2014).

            On
the other hand, NGOs such as the Child Soldier International do their best to
ensure that they have prevented the recruitment as well as use and exploitation
of teenagers and children by armed groups. Human Rights Watch, Save the Child,
and Amnesty found the organization
international with the primary purpose of campaigning for the human rights
treaty which abolishes the utilisation of
children as a soldier and also increases
the legal age of military recruitment (Mackey, 2013).
 

My Analysis

            As
already mentioned I do believe the international community is responding to the
problem of the child soldiers in a legalistic as well as institutional
way.  However, these methods have not
been effective, and one can argue that legalistic approach used in most
international debates has a limited
understanding of the issue of child soldiers. It is clear by the current
number of a child soldier that the
international community has failed to prevent the targeting, abduction as well
as the suffering of children in wars
zones. Social constructivism theory seems to have the tools necessary to bring
the best approach to the entire issue. The argument
is based in the incorporation of the
epistemic communities, which may be in a position to provide the concepts that
are required for the international community to progress in addition to their
classical approach (Lasley, & Thyne, 2015).

 The
epistemic community offers the most needed
advice and guidance as well as specialised
information the international community. It is clear that the cultural
specification has been the major setback to
the international community as it seeks for a global solution to the issue. The
child soldier’s problem can only be tackled
if the cultures would be mindful of the way the international community
response will be engaging with the local context from the position of universal
idealism up to the time of practical implementation of the solutions. To effectively deal with the issue of children
used as soldiers, Social constructivism holds that it is of utmost significance
to have global dissemination of knowledge having the topmost target of influencing a normative shift of ideas.

Conclusion

            In conclusion, war disrupts the education and normal development of children. It is estimated that almost 40 million children
are not attending school due to the conflict
in various regions around the world. Some of these children are converted into
child soldiers and used as tools of war. It is clear that to achieve the best global solution to the
problem one is obligated to look beyond the mere treaty between nations to
mitigate the recruitment and use of children as soldiers. Instead, a robust
control has to be placed on the international community to regulate the flow of
weapons while the illegal trafficking of narcotics, diamond, and other products,
which fuel the conflicts, must be eradicated or put on halt.