The legalization or decriminalization of drugs can make dangerous, alteration of mood, behavior, perception, mental functioning and addictive chemical substances to be readily being available, convenient and saleable. It would also increase the use of drugs. It would downgrade the social stigma attached to the illegal use of drug and would send a message of tolerance of drug use especially among youngsters. In the modern age, there had been noteworthy development and growth in combating drug use and drug trafficking.Many of the arguments for drug ban are based on opinion that drugs can be fatal to people, which generates the foundation for ethical resistance to the use of drugs. Some of these opinions are also based on the foundations of scientific evidence, pointing how certain drugs are damaging to individuals and communities.
The use of psychoactive substance can bear a significant cost to the community. The usage of chemical substances that can alter moods can increase social costs that can take several forms.For example, short and long term health care specifications; violent behavior of drug abusers, addiction and rehabilitation therapy, public nuisance and vandalizing private properties, absence of work and low productivity. The cost of drugs cannot be defined because the underground nature of market. In 2000, a survey was conducted on drug abuse cost in American society which revealed a cost of $160 billion. Health care costs for the destruction of lives, damages caused because of the addiction were found out to be $15 billion (Brown, 2000).The legalization of drugs would only skyrocket the costs that would only be paid by the American tax payers and consumers. The decriminalization of drugs will only allow hospitals to be filled with drug patients and overall effect the cost of society.
There is also a growing fallacy that some illegal drugs can be consumed safely. The legalization of drugs will be responsible for possible instantaneous detrimental health effects including mood alteration, poisoning and death by overdose.Allowing drugs to be legalized will also lead to impact broader long-standing measures of health and well being such as educational performance, standard of living and commonness of gloominess and dejection. There is a concern over several other possible connections between health problems and legalization of drugs such as direct affecting body as distinct from mind problems such as the risk of accidents, physical addiction and substance desires, risks of getting diseases such as HIV, bronchitis, hepatitis, mood swings leading to increased depression, paranoia and phobia.Health risk outlines may differ significantly between different illegal drugs.
The government of United State has made the arguments against the liberalization of drugs by asserting that drugs are far deadlier from alcohol because the number of deaths because of these substances is higher then the number of deaths because of alcohol. In UK alone 500000 people are regular users of ecstasy and 40 percent of ecstasy users die annually. According to the research conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2000, 15825 deaths were because of drug abuse. (Roques, 2000)Critics argue in the favor that decriminalization of drugs will reduce crime. However statistics show that most of the crime and terrorism is related to drugs. Many drug addicts are murderers, child and spouse abusers, and rapists, vandalize properties and are associated to other violent crimes under the control of drugs.
Drug users are jobless peoples who are also responsible for committing robberies to get hold of drugs but also to acquire basic necessities of life. Legalization of drugs supports the statement that the fight against drugs cannot be won and is unbeatable.The facts in opposition to such pessimism indicate that legalization of drugs is not essential. Studies have shown that the overall drug use in the United States have reduced to more than one third since 1970s (Caltrider, 2000). The liberalization of drugs would only allow drug users to get access to drugs and hence there would be an increase in the drug users instead of reduction. Critics claim that the legalization of drugs will discourage drug user.
Legalization of drugs would be responsible for decreasing the price and increasing the availability of the drugs. Availability is the major factor responsible for rapid usage of drugs.The legalization of drugs will not be effective to eliminate illegal marketing of drugs nor the violent crimes that are associated with it. Drug laws discourage individuals to use drugs. Surveys have indicated that there is a fear of getting caught is the most important reason not to use drugs. Drug laws have been able to prevent the use of drug. About fifty percent drug abusers are in treatment because of the criminal justice programs related to drug abuse.
Hence, we cannot support the legalization of drugs because of the negative impact it will make in the society Work Cited Brown, Dr. Lee, Dir.of Office of National Drug Control Policy, “Eight Myths About Drugs,” Presented at the Conference on Crime, Drugs, Health and Prohibition, Harvard Law School May 21, 2000. Caltrider, William R. , Jr. , “The Snare and Delusion of Legalization,” Presented to the Demand Reduction Symposium, Department of Justice, DEA, Arlington, VA.
January 27, 2000. Peterson, Robert, Esq. , “Legalization: The Myth Exposed,” Searching for Alternatives: Drug Control Policy in the United States, Hoover Institution Press, Stanford, CA. 2002. Roques, Wayne, “Ten Compelling Reasons Not To Legalize Drugs,” DEA, Demand Reduction Office, Miami Division, 2000.