Literature Review Introduction “Football is regarded as the

Literature Review        Introduction”Footballis regarded as the most popular sport in the world” (Hoffman 2002)1,The FédérationInternationale de Football Association 2(FIFA) World Cup inBrazil in 2014 reached three point two billion views 3 which isalmost half the population of the world and according to FIFA estimations thereare currently 265 million active players 4 . The various factorsthat affect a European international football team and their ability to qualifyfor the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia are difficult to pinpoint as footballlike all sports heavily depends on the strength of character and otherintangible human instincts that are essentially immeasurable.                        Asit is so difficult to try and boil down football to just statistics we havegathered the statistics we felt were most pertinent to the modern game andtheir effect of teams from Europe and their ability to qualify for the 2018FIFA World Cup in Russia.   Their GDP per Capita The size of their population The number of the teams players playing in the “Top 5 Leagues (England, Spain, Germany, Italy and France ” in Europe                                  GDP per CapitaTheold cliche is that “Football is a gentleman’s game played by ruffians and rugbyis a ruffian’s game played by gentleman”5 however football is nolonger a gentleman’s game it is a rich ones. Now more than ever we seeeye-watering amounts of money being spent on players such as Neymar being soldto Paris Saint Germain for two hundred and twenty two million euro 6.

  This trend is not just affecting football butall areas of modern sport as Great Britain spent on average four point onemillion pounds per medal at the 2016 Summer Olympic Games 7. Thisspending can be done by countries that have established, highly developedeconomies. However as Hoffman said in 2002 there is a “diminishing returns”when it comes to investing in sport and parents from countries with higher GDPsdo not “prioritise” football for their children as there are more options forthem regardless of the better equipment and facilities available to them.  2. The Size of the Population”Nationswith a large population tend to be more successful in international sportscompetitions than less populous nations.

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“(Linthorne 2006) 8 howevernations with smaller populations “can increase the likelihood of internationalsuccess through increasing the participation rate for the sport.”(Linthorne2006) Iceland of course is the epitome of this with a population of just overthree hundred and thirty thousand it boasts over eight hundred UEFA B licencecoaches or higher (0.25% of the countries population) as well as over onehundred and fifty indoor artificial pitches which allow football to be playedall year round 9. Both of these two factors combined means that evensmall villages have access to excellent coaching and training facilitiesallowing them to produce highly talented footballers.

 3.The Number of the Teams Players Playing inthe “Top 5 Leagues (England, Spain, Germany, Italy and France ” in Europe Asthe FIFA World Cup is the biggest footballing event, the football is played tothe highest standard and at the highest level. The World Cup is the showcase offootball’s finest. The “top five leagues” are the leagues in the world that areseen to have the best football teams and pedigree.

These are the leagues thatweek in and week out produce the highest quality of football on the planet.Therefore having players in your squad that play in these “top five leagues”increase your chances of qualifying for the World Cup.  Conclusion TheFIFA World Cup qualification process is long and gruelling its is difficult topinpoint statistics that have an obvious impact on a team’s ability to qualify.The three main statistics we have chosen in analyse in this literature revieware the ones that we feel have the most impact on a teams performance.

  Bibliography and References1.http://www.ucema.edu.ar/publicaciones/download/volume5/hoffmann.

pdf2.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FIFA3. http://www.

fifa.com/worldcup/news/y=2015/m=12/news=2014-fifa-world-cuptm-reached-3-2-billion-viewers-one-billion-watched–2745519.html4.https://www.fifa.com/mm/document/fifafacts/bcoffsurv/emaga_9384_10704.

pdf5.https://www.barrypopik.com/index.

php/new_york_city/entry/football_is_a_gentlemans_game_played_by_ruffians_rugby_is_a_ruffians_game_p/6.http://www.bbc.com/sport/football/407624177.

http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/olympics/rio-2016-team-gb-medals-how-much-did-each-cost-uk-tax-olympics-medal-table-a7203321.html8.https://www.

brunel.ac.uk/~spstnpl/Publications/PopulationAthletics(Linthorne).pdf9. http://www.bbc.com/sport/football/30012357