Mammology Final

Golden Moles
Afrosoricida
Chrysochloridae
Tenerec
Afrosoricida
Tenrecidae
Warthog
Artiodactyla
Suidae
Peccary
Artiodactyla
tayassuidae
Common Hippo
Artiodactyla
Hippopotomidae
Hippopotamus amphibius
Llama
Artiodactyla
Camelidae
Lama glama
Alpaca
Artiodactyla
Camelidae
lama pacos
Guanacos
Artiodactyla
Camelidae
Lama guanicoe
Vicuna
Artiodactyla
Camelidae
Vicugna vigugna
Bactrian Camel
Artiodactyla
camelidae
camelus bactrianus
Dromedary Camel
Artiodactyla
camelidae
camelus dromedarius
Mouse Deer
Artiodactyla
Tragulidae
Giraffe
Artiodactyla
Giraffidae
Okapi
Artiodactyla
Giraffidae
Okapia johnstoni
Cheetal
Artiodactyla
Cervidae
Axis axis
Elk
Artiodactyla
Cervidae
Cervus elaphus
Sambar
Artiodactyla
Cervidae
Muntjac
Artiodactyla
Cervidae
Mule Deer/Black Deer
Artiodactyla
Cervidae
Odocoileus hemionis
White-tailed Deer
Artiodactyla
Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus
Caribou/Reindeer
Artiodactyla
Cervidae
Rangifer tarandu
Pronghorn
Artiodactyla
antilocapridae
Antilocapra americana
Bison
Artiodactyla
bovidae
bison bison
Bontebok, impala, arabian oryx, addax, eland, blesbok
Artiodactyla
Bovidae
Fallow Deer
Artiodactyla
Bovidae
Dama dama
Bighorn Sheep
Artiodactyla
Bovidae
Ovis canadensis
Markhor
Artiodactyla
Bovidae
Capra falconeri
Moose
Artiodactyla
Cervidae
Alces Alces
Malagasy Carnivores: Fossa, civet, ringtailed mongoose
Carnivora
Eupleridae
Mongoose
Carnivora
Herpestidae
Caracal
Carnivora
Felidae
Caracal caracal
Geoffroy’s Cat
Carnivora
Felidae
Leopardis geoffroyi
African Lion
Carnivora
Felidae
Panthera leo
Sand cat, ocelot, margay, and jaguaroundi
Carnivora
felidae
Aardwolf
Carnivora
Hyaenidae
Civets and Linsangs (non malagasy)
Carnivora
Viverridae
Wolverine
Carnivora
Mustelidae
Gulo gulo
Striped Skunk
Carnivora
Mephitidae
Mephitis mephitis
Spotted Skunk

Carnivora

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Mephitidae

Spilogale putorius

Stink Badger
Carnivora
Mephitidae
Brown Bear
Carnivora
Ursidae
Ursus arctos
Grizzly
Carnivora
Ursidae
Ursus arctos horribilis
Kodiak bear
Carnivora
Ursidae
Ursus arctos middendorffi
Old World Brown Bear
Carnivora
Ursidae
Ursus arctos arctos
Sun bear, sloth bear, spectacled bear
Carnivora
Ursidae
Panda
Carnivora
Ursidae
Ailuropoda melanoleuca
Red Panda
Carnivora
Ailuridae
Walrus
Carnivora
Odobenidae
Odobenus rosmarus
Fur Seals and Sea Lions
Carnivora
Otariidae
True Seals
Carnivora
Phocidae
Red Wolf
Carnivora
Canidae
Canis rufus
Jackals and Wolves
Carnivora
Canidae
Canis
Kit Fox
Carnivora
Canidae
Vulpes Macrotis
Swift Fox
Carnivora
Canidae
vulpes velox
Gray Wolf
Carnivora
Canidae
Canis lupus
Maned Fox
Carnivora
Canidae
Crysocyon brachyurus
Domestic/Feral Dog
Carnivora
Canidae
Canis familiaris
Grey Fox
Carnivora
Canidae
Urocyon cinereoargenteus
Red Fox
Carnivora
Canidae
Vulpes vulpes
Black Bear
Carnivora
Ursidae
Ursus americanus
White Whale
Cetacea
Monodontidae
Porpoises
Phocoenidae
Marine Dophins
Delphinidae
Right Whale
Cetacea
Balaenidae
Northern Right Whale
Eubalaena glacialis
Raccoon
Carnivora
Procyonidae
Procyon lotor
River Otter
Carnivora
Mustelidae
Lontra canadensis
Fisher
Carnivora
Mustelidae
Martes pennanti
Ermine
Carnivora
Mustelidae
Mustela erminea
Long-tailed weasel
Carnivora
Mustelidae
Mustela frenata
Mink
Carnivora
Mustelidae
Mustela vison
Domestic/Feral Cat
Carnivora
Felidae
Felis Cattus
Bobcat
Carnivora
Felidae
Lynx rufus
Common Dophin
Cetacea
Delphinidae
Delphinus delphis
Flying Foxes/ Fruit bats
Chirpotera
Pteropodidae
Large/Malayan Flying Fox
Chirpotera
Pteropodidae
Pteropus vampyrus
Free-tailed bats
Chiroptera
Molossidae
Vampire bats
Chirpotera
Phyllostomidae
Leaf-chinned bats and Ghost-faced bat
Chiroptera
mormoopidae
Big Brown Bat
Chirpotera
Vespertilionidae
Episicus fuscus
Silver-haired bat
Chirpotera
vespertilionidae
lasionycteris noctivagans
Eastern Red Bat
Chiroptera
Vespertilionidae
Lasiurus borealis
Hoary Bat
Chirpotera
Vespertilionidae
Lasiurus cinereus
Little Brown Bat
Chiroptera
Vespertilionidae
Myotis lucifugus
Eastern Pipistrelle
Chiroptera
Vespertilionidae
Pipistrellus subflavus
Pale Throated Three-Toed Sloth
Cingulata (Xenarthra)
Bradypodidae
Bradypus Tridactylus
Hoffmann’s Two-Toed Sloth
Cingulata (Xenarthra)
Megalonychidae
Choloepus hoffmanni
Giant Anteater
Cingulata (Xenarthra)
Myrmecophagidae
Myrmecophaga tridactyla
Anteaters and Tamanduas
Cingulata (Xenarthra)
Myrmecophagidae
Armadillos
Cingulata (Xenarthra)
Dasypodidae
Nine-banded Armadillo
Cingulata (Xenarthra)
Dasypodidae
Dasypus novemcinctus
Australian Marsupials
Dasyuromorphia
Dasyuridae
Virginia Opossum
Didelphimorphia
Didelphidae
Didephis virginiana
Koalas, kangaroos, etc
Diprodontia
Koala
Diprodontia
Phascolarctidae
Hedgehog
Erinaceomorpha
Erinaceidae
Rock Badgers
Hyracoidae
Procaviidae
Snowshoe Hare
Lagomorpha
Leporidae
Lepus americanus
Eastern Cottontail
Lagomorpha
Leporidae
Sylvilagus floridanus
New England Cottontail
Lagomorpha
Leporidae
Sylilagus transitionalis
Elephant Shrews
Macroscelidea
Macroscelididae
Echidna
Monotremata
Tachyglossidae
Platypus
Monotremata
Ornithorynchidae
Bandicoots/Bilbies
Peramelamorphia Permelidae
Grevy’s Zebra
Perissodactyla
Equidae
Equus grevyi
Horse
Perissodactyla
Equidae
Equus caballus
Przewalski’s Horse
Perissodactyla
Equidae
Equus przewalskii
Tapirs
Perissodactyla
Tapiridae
Tapirs
Perissodactyla
Tapiridae
Black Rhino
Perissodactyla
Rhinocerotidae
Diceros Bicornis
White Rhino
Perissodactyla
Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium simum
Indian Rhino
Perissodactyla
Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros unicornis
Javan Rhino
Perissodactyla
RHinocerotidae
Rhinoceros sondaicus
Sumatran/Hairy Rhino
Perissodactyla
Rhinocerotidae
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
Malayan Pangolin
Pholidota
Manidae
Manis javanica
Aye Aye
Primates
Daubentoniidae
Bushbaby
Primates
Galagidae
Sportive Lemurs
Primates
Lepilemuridae
Dwarf Lemurs
Primates
Cheirogaleidae
Lemurs
Primates
Lemuridae
Lorises
Primates
Lorisidae
Tarsier
Primates
Tarsiidae
New World Monkeys (Capuchin, squirrel, etc)
Primates
Cebidae
Gibbon
Primates
Hylobatidae
Apes
Primates
Hominidae
Proboscis Monkey
Primates
Cercopithecidae
Mastodons
Proboscidea
Mammutidae
Mammut americanus
Mammoths
Proboscidae
Mammutidae
Mammuthus
Indian Elephant
Proboscidae
Elephantidae
Elephas Maximus
African Elephant
Proboscidea
Elephantidae
Loxodonta africana
Capybara
Rodentia
Caviidae
Southern Flying Squirrel
Rodentia
Sciuridae
Glaucomys volans
Woodchuck
Rodentia
Sciuridae
Marmota Monax
Eastern Grey Squirrel
Rodentia
Sciuridae
Sciurus carolinesis
Eastern Chipmunk
Rodentia
Sciuridae
Tamias Striatus
Red Squirrel
Rodentia
Sciuridae
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
Prosimians
Scandentia
Tupaiidae or Ptiolocerrcidae
Dugong
Sirenia
Dugongidae
Dugon Dugon
Manatee
Sirenia
Trichechidae
Trichechus manatus
Eastern Mole
Soricomorpha
Talpidae
Scalopus aquaticus
Aardvark
Tubulidentata
orycteropodidae
Beaver
Rodentia
Castoridae
Castor canadensis
Woodland Jumping Mouse
Rodentia
Dipodidae
Napaeozapus insignis
Meadow Jumping Mouse
Rodentia
Dipodidae
Zapus hudsonius
Red-Backed Vole
Rodentia
Cricetidae
Myodes gapperi
Meadow Vole
Rodentia
Cricetidae
Microtus pennsylvanicus
Woodland Vole
Rodentia
Cricetidae
Microtus pinetorum
White-footed Mouse
Rodentia
Cricetidae
Peromyscus leucopus
Bog Lemming
Rodentia
Cricetidae
Synaptomys cooperi
Muskrat
Rodentia
Cricetidae
Ondatra zibethicus
House Mouse
Rodentia
Muridae
Mus musculus
Rat
Rodentia
Muridae
Rattus rattus
Norwegian Rat
Rodentia
uridae
Rattus norvegicus
Porcupine
Rodentia
Erethizontidae
Erethizon dorastum
Short-tailed shrew
Soricomorpha
Soricidae
Blarina brevicauda
Masked Shrew
Soricomorpha
Soricidae
Sorex cinereus
Smokey Shrew
Soricomorpha
Soricidae
Sorex fumeus
Water Shrew
Soricomorpha
Soricidae
Sorex palustris
Star-nosed mole
Soricomorpha
Talpidae
Condylura cristata
Hairy-tailed mole
Soricomorpha
Talpidae
Parascalops breweri
Don Wilson
Curator of Mammals at the Smithsonian
DeeAnn Reeder
Professor at Bucknell University
teaches Mammalogy, Behavioral Neuroendocrinology, and Organismal Biology
Trichromatic Vision
Presence of 3 light receiving cones in eyes. Allows for greater perception of color. Possibly evolved in primates as an adaptation to find yellow, orange and red fruit on green leafy background.
Northern and Southern Flying Squirrel Range
Southern up to southern Maine, Northern down to Western Mass
Why Sportive Lemurs are “sportive”
Leaping behavior – primary mode of locomotion