Mammology Lab Practical

Echidna

Order: Monotremata

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Family: Tachyglossidae

 

 

Virginia Opossum

Didelphimorphia 

Didelphis virginiana

Kangaroos, Koala, Tree Kangaroos (Order, infraclass, subclass)
Order: Diprodontia Infraclass: Methatheria Subclass: Theria
Bandicoots
O: Peramelemorphia F: Permelidae
Star-nosed mole
Condylura cristata family: Talpidae Order: Eulipotlyia Infraclass: Eutheria
Northern Water Shrew
Sorex palustris Family: Soricdae
Eastern Mole
Scalopus aquaticus Family: Talpidae
Armadillo
Dasypus novemcintus Family: Dasypodidae Order: Cingulata (Xenarthra)
Tenerecs
Family: Tenrecidae Order: Afrosoricidae
Short-Tail Shrew
Blarina Brevicauda Family: Soricdae
Smoky Shrew
Sorex fumeus Family: Soricdae
Masked Shrew
Sorex Cinereus Family: Soricdae Very elongated
Tapir
F: Tapiridae
Peccary
F: Tayassuidae
Hippo
F: Hippopotamidae
Llama
Sp: Lama Glama F: Camelidae Suborder: Tylopoda Order: Cetartiodactyla
Elk
Sp: Cervus Elaphus Family: Cervidae Suborder: Ruminantia
Pronghorn
Antilocapra americana Family: Antilocarpidae
Cow
Bos taurus F: Bovidae
Goat
Capra hircus F: Bovidae
Sheep
Ovis Aries F: Bovidae
Cannon bones
Fused metacarpals or metatarsals
True horns
unbranched, permanent, extension of frontal bone
Pronghorn
True horn that is branched
Giraffe Horn
Bone, but not frontal bone
Rhino Horn
Hardened epidermal cells
Antlers
Entirely made of bone, shed annually.
2 Most important mammalian characteristics
3 Ear bones – malleus, incus, stapes Dentary/squamosal jaw articulation
4 Types of teeth
Incisors, canines, premolars, molars
What makes a molar different from a premolar?
Premolars are deciduous, molars are not
Baleen Whale Infraorder
Mysticeti
Waterbuck

Sp: Kobus sp.

Family: Bovidae

Order: Cetartiodactyla

Giraffe

Family: Giraffidae

Suborder: Ruminantia

Order: Cetartiodactyla

Hartebeast

Sp: Alcephaphus sp.

Family: Bovidae

Order: Cetartiodactyla

Hog

Sp:Sus Scrofa

Family: Suidae

Suborder: Suiformes

Order: Cetartiodactyla

Horse

Sp: Equus Caballus

Family: Equidae

Order: Perissodactyla

Marine Dolphin

Family: Delphinidae

Infraorder: Odontoceti

Suborder: Cetacea

Order: Cetartiodactyla

Mule Deer

Sp: Odocoileus hemionus

Family: Cervidae

Suborder: Ruminantia

Order:Cetartiodactyla

Rhino

Sp: Ceratotherium sp.

Family: Rhinocerotidae

Order: Perissodactyla

Right Whale

Sp: Eubalaena sp.

Family: Balaenidae

Infraorder: Mysticeti

Order: Cetartiodactyla

Thompson’s Gazelle

Sp: Gazella thompsoni

Family: Bovidae

Order: Cetartiodactyla

Crete Goat

Capra aegegus

F:Bovidae

Carnivora
Order
Suborder: caniformia
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Mephitis mephitis

F: mephitidae

 

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Red backed vole

Myodes gapperi

Subf: arvicolinae family: Cricetidae Superf: muroidea

Rounded molars with connected islands

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House mouse Mus musculus Subfamily: murinae Family: muridae
Red panda family
Ailuridae
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Brown Rat

Rattus novegicus

Subfamily: Murinae F: Muridae

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Jumping Mouse – napaeozapus insignis

Subf: zapodinae F: dipodidae superf: dipodoidea Suborder: myomorpha Order: Rodentia

Tail tip white

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Meadow jumping mouse – zapus hudsonius

Subfamily: Zapodinae f: dipodidae superf: dipodoidea suborder:myomorpha

tail dark to tip

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Woodland Vole

Microtus pinetorum subf: arvicolinae f: cricetidae superf: muroidea

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Synaptomys cooperi Subf: arvicolinae f: cricetidae superf: muroidae

Triangular molars with disconnected islands

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Coyote

Canis latrans f:Canidae

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Grey Fox – U shaped saginal crest Urocyon cinereoargenteus F:Canidae
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Red Fox – v shaped saginal crest Vulpes vulpes F: canidae
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Domestic Dog Canis familiaris F: Canidae
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Short tail weasel/ ermine 

Tail only as long as legs

Mustela erminea F: mustelidae

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Long tail weasel – tail longer than hind legs mustela frenata F: mustelidae
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Microtus pennsylvanicus 

Longer tail

subf: arvicolinae f: cricetidae superf: muroidea

Triangular molars with connected islands

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Otter Lontra canadensis f: mustelidae
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Raccoon Procyon lotor f: procyonidae
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Pipistrellus hesperus Tribe: pipistrellini Subfamily: vespertilioninae f: Vespertilionidae
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Myotis lucifugus Subf: Myontinae F: Vespertilionidae
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Lasiurus cinereus Tribe: Lasiurini Subf: vespertilioninae f: vespertilionidae
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Eptesicus fuscus tribe: Eptesicini subf: vespertilioninae
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Antrozous pallidus subf: Antrozoinae F: vespertilionidae
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Lasiurus borealis

 

Tribe: Lasiurus F: vespertilionidae

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Microchiroptera skull
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Tadarida brasiliensis Subf: Molossinae F: molossidae

Connected ears, free tail, not vespertilionidae!

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Pteropodidae
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Seal F: phocidae
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Racoon Procyon lotor F: procyonidae
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Black Bear Ursus americana F: Ursidae
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Domestic Cat
Felis catus
F: Felidae
Southern Flying Squirrel
Southern Flying Squirrel
Glaucomys volans
Tribe: Pteromyini
subf: sciurinae
f: sciuridae
subo: sciuromorpha
Eastern Chipmunk

Eastern Chipmunk

Tamias StriatusT: SciuriniSubf: sciurinaef: sciuridaeSubor: sciuromorpha

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Deer Mouse – peromyscus leucopus Subf: neotominae F: Cricetidae Superf: Muroidea
Woodchuck
Woodchuck
Marmota monax
Tribe: marmotini
Subfam: xerinae
f: sciuridae
Muskrat
Muskrat
Ondatra zibethicus
subf: arvicolinae
f: cricetidae
superf: muroidea
Eastern Cottontail
Eastern Cottontail

Sylvilagus floridanus F: leporidaeO: lagomorphapost orb processes fuse with parietal bone

well developed supraorbital

smooth nasal sutures

New England Cottontail

Sylvilagus transitionalis

F: leporidaeO: lagomorpha

jagged nasal sutures

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Eastern and NE Cottontail
Snowshoe hare
Lepus americanus
F: leporidae
O: lagomorpha
Beaver
Castor canadensis
F: Castoridae
Suborder: castorimorphia
Porcupine
Erethizon dorastum 
Tribe: Pteromyini
Subf: Erethizontidae
F: Erethizontidae
Infraorder: hystricognathi
Suborder: Hystricomorpha
Nutria
Myocastor coypa
Fisher
Martes pennanti
F: Mustelidae
spotted skunk
Spilogale putorius
F: Mephitidae
Bobcat/lynx
Lynx canadensis
F: Felidae
Sabertooth tiger
Smilodon sp.
F: Felidae
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Mink – mustela vison
F: Mustelidae
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Badger – taxidae taxus
F: Mustelidae
Carnassials
Specialized molars of carnivore for shearing and cutting flesh
Flying Foxes/ fruit bat family and suborder
F:pteropodidae
O: Megachirpotera
Small bat suborder
Megachiroptera
Red Squirrel

Red Squirrel

Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

Tribe:Sciurini

Subf: sciurinae

f: sciuridae

Subo: sciuromorpha

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Emballonuridae
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Megadermatidae
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Molossidae
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Phyllostomidae
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Pteropodidae
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Rhinolophidae

 

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Rhinopomatidae
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Vespertilionidae
Eastern grey Squirrel

Eastern Grey Squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Tribe: Sciurini Subf: Sciurinae F: Sciuridae Subo: sciuromorpha

Eastern Grey Squirrel
Eastern Grey Squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Tribe: Sciurini Subf: Sciurinae F: Sciuridae Subo: sciuromorpha