Heart diseases are the major contributors to adult mortality in US and especially in the state of Florida. These diseases are caused by physical inactivity and poor nutrition among other conditions such as obesity. In Florida, one out of three deaths is caused by heart diseases or stroke and in 2005 alone, 35% of Floridian deaths were caused by heart diseases (State Health Facts, 2005).
The situation is so terrible in Florida that the administrators have decided to take measures and propose solutions that will help curb or slow down the issue of heart related adult mortalities and discrepancies in the diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases in men as compared to women. For instance, the major solution put forth was to mandate all the medical schools in Florida to provide mandatory curriculum that is specific to heart disease warning signs and symptoms in women vs.
men and what treatments and diagnostic procedures are recommended for women vs. men. This paper seeks to evaluate the solution from a legal point of view. The legality of the proposed solution is discussed besides highlighting the already existing legislation concerning the problem showing how the proposed solution will impact the said legislation. Further, the paper will also discuss any regulatory government agency that would be impacted by the proposed solution and which agency/organization would be responsible for implementing the proposed solution.
Besides the above proposed solution by the Floridian administrators, there have been a number of other legislations that have been passed to help reduce instances of heart diseases and also address the male Vs female issues as far as heart diseases are concerned. These legislations include but are not limited to the Senate Bill 610, the Heart for Women Act 2006 and the Senate Bill 2790 which talks about tobacco.
The Senate Bill 610 passed on May 2nd 2008 which requires that all public middle schools across Florida provide one PE (Physical Education) class lesson for a semester each year upon which the students will be taught how to exercise to prevent heart diseases. This lesson is mandatory (Mosteller, 2008). The Senate Bill 2790 which talks about tobacco aims at increase Florida’s tax on cigarettes up to one dollar per pack. This was aimed at to ensure that Florida becomes a smoke free zone and to protect the children and others from tobacco smoke which has been noted to cause heart diseases (Florida Academy of Family Physicians, 2008).
The Heart for Women Act 2006 is a 3-part approach of reducing heart related mortality rates among women. The three parts of this approach are Education, Screening and Analysis and Research. Under the education part, the bill authorizes the Department of Health and Human Services to educate all the health professionals and older women alike on the care, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of heart diseases and stroke specific and unique to women. This is so because the issue of heart diseases disease and stroke are gender specific in complications and technicalities and kill more women each year than men.
The proposed solution is therefore legal in that it is supported by the education part of the Heart for Women Act 2006 in which all health professionals which may as well include the medical students in the medical schools are taught on the care, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of heart diseases and stroke specific and unique to women. Therefore, since this proposed solution is legal, its implementation will be the absolute mandate of the Department of Health and Human Services to ensure that all the medical schools enact this issue in their curriculum (Heart for Women Act, 2006).
The solution will also affect the Heart for Women Act 2006 in that if the medical schools have to observe mandatory curriculum on heart diseases diagnosis and care customized to women as opposed to the general approach. The research conducted by these students and other medical professionals on heart diseases and if the research is being reported to the federal government it has to be gender-specific. Finally, the solution will also ensure that these students in the medical schools are taught about the Screening of heart diseases and stroke.
According to the Heart for Women Act 2006 there is authorization for the expansion of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s WISEWOMAN (Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for Women Across the Nation) program which will ensure that the heart disease and stroke screening is available to the low-income uninsured women for free. Therefore, the state government in collaboration with the Center for Disease Control and Prevention are to be affected by the proposed solution in that they will fight for the introduction of the WISEWOMAN program in Florida if it doesn’t exist.
The introduction of the program in Florida will not be enough but the Center for Disease Control and Prevention will be required to move in to the medical schools to teach the medical students more about the program and therefore screening of these diseases has to be included in the curriculum and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention must enforce this. In conclusion, the proposed solution is indeed legal and it is aimed at reducing heart disease related female adult mortality.
This can well be extended to the other legislations such as the Senate Bill 610 to ensure that girls in public middle schools have more time in physical education because heart diseases are gender specific and affect more women than men. Generally, the legality of the proposed solution goes a long way to ensure that the relevant authorities, bodies and organizations enact the solution so as to reduce heart disease related female adult mortality References State Health Facts, (2005): Florida-Number of Deaths Due to Diseases of the Heart per 100,000 Population Retrieved on February 4th 2009 from http://statehealthfacts.
org/profileind. jsp? ind=77&cat=2&rgn=11 Heart for Women Act 2006 retrieved on February 4th 2009 from http://stabenow. senate. gov/infocus/heart. htm Mosteller J, (2008): American Heart Association Advocacy in Florida -2008 Florida Session Outcome Report, retrieved on February 4th 2009 from http://www. americanheart. org/presenter. jhtml? identifier=3033407 Florida Academy of Family Physicians, (2008): Cigarette Taxes, Florida Academy of Family Physicians Week Nine May 6, 2008, p4, retrieved on February 4th 2009 from http://www. fafp. org/documents/capitol_updates/week9. pdf .