midterm

producers 1
plants
primary consumer
eats plants
secondary consumer
eats primary consumer
scavenger
eats dead shit
decomposers
rot shit
fungi
2nd law of thermodynamics
shit gets more chaotic over time
demographic transition
when demographics change due to industrialization
preindustrial
high birth rates and death rates
agricultural 2
death rates fall, but birth rates stay the same
industrial 3
decline in birth rate, death rate stays the same
postindustrial 4
stable population
fertility rate
how many babies the average lady has in a lifetime
energy flow
how calories go though the food chain
troposphere
1
stratosphere
2
mesosphere
3
thermosphere
4
prevailing winds
how the wind generally goes in a specific place
altitude
how high up you are
latitude
how far north or south
r-selection
rats
unstable environments, lots of babies, don’t take care of them well
k-selection
humans
not that many babies, stable enviro, care for young
commensalism
one benefits, the other doesn’t care
mutualism
both benefit
parasitism
one benefits, one’s harmed
niche
an organism’s roll
primary successtion
how life happens when there’s no dirt
secondary succession
when there is dirt
ecotone
place between ecosystems
population
a group of things of the same species that hang out
community
a bunch of organisms that hang out
deciduous forest
forrest in which trees loose leaves
taiga
pine tree forest
temperate rainforest
warm deciduous forest with lots of rain
benthos
marine things that live in sand
nekton
stuff that can swim that aren’t fish or mamals
coral reef
it’s a coral reef. Lots of stuff live there are it’s mad in danger!
estuary
where a river comes into the ocean
intertidal zon
somewhere that’s underwater at high tide and in the air at low tide
abyssal plain
flat ocean floor
lotic
moving water that isn’t the ocean
lentic
still water that isn’t hte ocean
swamp
area that’s sometimes or always covered by shallow water
marsh
like a swamp, but flooded more often
tribal era
virtuous indians
sagebrush
gtfo our land, hippies!
environmental era
shit! Pollution!
conservationist era
sustainability (after preservation)
preservationsim
putting land aside
john muir
started sierra club
conservationist
teddy roosevelt
presevationist
put land aside
rachel carson
enironmentalist
oh shit! DDT!
gifford pinchot
conservationist
helped out with public forests (Or somehting)
thoreau
lived in a hut by a river for a while
wrote walden
precautionary principle
if somebody does something bad to the environment knowing that there’s a chance that something bad might happen, then it’s the guy’s fault
limiting factor principle
if there’s not enough food or whatever, the populatin won’t grow
lacey act
first law to protect wildlife
you can’t transport illegally killed animals
antiquities act
government can stop people from fucking national monuments
weeks act
government can buy land to protect water
fifra
government has to approve of poisons
taylor grazing act
don’t graze on public land, bitch
clean water act
don’t pollute water, bitches!
clean air act
don’t pollute air, bitches!
o horizon
1 leaf litter
a horizon
2 topsoil
humus and minerals
humus
partly decomposed shit
b horizon
3 rocks, minerals, silt
c horizon
bedrock
littoral zone
shallow area by the shore
limnetic zone
surface in the middle
profundal zone
deep in the middle of a pond
benthic zone
bottom of a lake
law of tolerance
shit will only live in favorable conditions
-there’s a range of qualities that an organism can deal wiht
red queen theoru
evolutionary arms race
core
inside of earth
mantle
outside core
crust
outside
is oceanic or continental crust denser
oceanic