Mrs. ArneyHonors English 2, Period 115 December 2017UN Will Make a Denuclearized DecisionOn 3 September 2017, North Korea launched their most colossal nuclear bomb of all time in the Punggye-Ri test site in its Northwest. This nuke was so powerful it triggered a six-point-three magnitude earthquake at the test-site the bomb was tested. The power of this weapon of destruction did not stop at one earthquake but continued for three months into December as aftershocks of the initial earthquake. The aftershocks caused by the nuclear test were still present on 3 December 2017 as two-point- nine and two-point four aftershocks. The mix of the power of North Korean nuclear arms and the young and impulsive rule of North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-Un, has sent the world questioning the chance of nuclear warfare. The UN can best curtail the threat of nuclear attacks from North Korea by getting China’s full cooperation, by keeping President Trump’s decisions under control, and by adding more intense sanctions to North Korea.China’s complete cooperation is essential because China controls most of North Korea’s economic resources. According to an article in the Los Angeles Times, Even though President Trump and his cabinet have asked Beijing to enforce sanctions multiple times, still, China provides 90 percent of North Korea’s imports (Bennett and Wilkinson par. 7). If China fully cooperates with the UN, 90 percent of North Korea’s imports would be seized and this economic crisis would allow the UN to pressure Kim Jong-Un into surrender. The pressure applied by China can eventually be the catalyst to a peaceful solution between North Korea and the UN. With 90 percent of imports gone, North Korea would be left with either negotiating or surrendering, which can be scouted out by the UN. Anna Fifield, Tokyo Bureau Chief for the Washington Post said, textile factories in China produce goods such as clothing with North Korean workers to significantly contribute to North Korea’s economy (par. 2). Not only does China export ninety percent of North Korea’s trades, China also allows North Korea economically progress on Chinese soil. By sending cheap North Korean labor to China, Kim Jong- Un can find a steady form of foreign profits. Economic reinforcement poses a great threat to the UN because income from Chinese factories can be used for nuclear arms development. Although the strengthening of foreign economic laws could result in a hostile view of China from North Korea, the intensifying of Chinese economic law is necessary in order to peacefully drive North Korea into a choking point. Fifield said, “The thriving operations belie the perception in Washington that U.S. and international sanctions are working to strangle North Korea’s ability to make money. While an overwhelming majority of North Koreans live in poverty, the country’s output has been steadily increasing… Hyundai Research Institute forecasts that the North’s economy will grow this year by a whopping 2 percent” (par. 3). North Korea’s growth in economy can lead to better funding of their nuclear weapon research and heighten the chance of a successful nuclear launch. China can contribute to eliminating all risks of attacks from North Korea by simply intensifying their economic policies. Another factor to a peaceful solution with North Korea is keeping President Trump’s actions and language under control.Julie H. Davis, a White House correspondent for The New York Times said, “Mr. Trump’s willingness to casually threaten to annihilate a nuclear-armed foe was yet another reminder of the steep risks inherent in his brute-force approach to diplomacy” (par. 3).Trump’s constantly belligerent way of speaking towards Kim Jong-Un and North Korea can provoke Kim to launch an emotionally-fueled nuclear attack. Trump needs to keep his decisions, especially on social media, neutral. Michael R. Gordon and Eric Schmitt for The New York Times state, North, and South Korean relations may intensify into war with small forms of provocation from America, such as the interception of a North Korean missile in air or on the ground (par. 4). Trump’s hinting of taking military action poses a threat on multiple levels. If Trump decided to retaliate or provoke Kim in any way, not only will the Korean peninsula be in danger, America would have to respond as well. Julie H. Davis states, “Christopher R. Hill, a former ambassador to South Korea who served Republican and Democratic presidents, argues that the comments could badly undercut Mr. Trump’s ability to find a peaceful solution to the dispute”(par. 15). Trump’s comments on the thin-skinned Kim could result in full-fledged war. The more Trump continues to provoke North Korea, the faster chances of resolving matters peacefully ends. Trump needs to be kept in check in order to maintain the possibility of a peaceful solution between the UN and North Korea. Finally, the continuous adding of stricter sanctions such as bilateral pressure can help lead to peaceful resolution. Rose Delaney for the Inter Press Service states,”In several countries, bilateral sanctions have been introduced. For example, the US passed a law to introduce the so-called “secondary boycott,” this is a way to condemn and place penalties on foreign companies, for example, companies from other states operating with North Korea” (par. 16), If the addition of bilateral pressure can halt importing of goods from all outside countries, all production of nuclear weapons will pause and drive North Korea into a corner where they can only negotiate a favorable compromise for the UN. Richard Roth, senior U.N. correspondent of CNN for CNN Wire Service states, With new international regulations in place, one billion dollars of North Korean trade will be outlawed (par. 13). International sanctions on North Korea almost nullify the chance of nuclear attack from North Korea by economically depriving them. President Trump should follow the majority of advisors, and stop his bellicose social media comments on North Korea, and focus on negotiating with countries that supply North Korea. Richard Roth also states, “The resolution also bans countries from hiring additional North Korean workers, a move designed to shut off another source of hard currency for the Pyongyang regime” (par.16). The application of a variety of sanctions based on the economy of North Korea will put them in an area of no escape and will ensure safe compromise from North Korea. The constant addition of sanctions is very crucial for never giving North Korea any breathing room for desperation missile launches. Some believe that the unification of the Korean peninsula is the best way to remove the nuclear threat from North Korea, but unification is ultimately a naive idea because South Korea and North Korea don’t see eye to eye on the possession of nuclear arms. Ahn M. Young for the Global Information Network states, “However, observers have said North Korea has no reason to give up its nuclear weapons as long as it depends on its nuclear capability as a bargaining chip for political survival. ‘Nuclear capabilities are the North’s only military leverage to maintain its regime as it confronts the South’s economic power,’ said Moon Sung Muk of the Korea Research Institute of Strategies (KRIS)”(par. 6). This shows that North Korea is not willing to give up its immense amount of nuclear power just to meet a political goal of South Korea. The unification of the Korean peninsula will need almost one-hundred percent of North Korea’s cooperation, which is a goal that is very far out of reach. Ahn M. Young also states, Even with American weapons-trade sanctions in place, North Korea’s willingness to remain the same is evident with their constant rocket launches and nuclear tests (par.7). North Korea’s only concern is its nuclear power and the goal of unifying Korea comes with the condition of seizing North Korean nuclear power, and North Korea shows no signs of giving this asset up for peace. Ahn M. Young said,”In South Korea, hopes for possible inter-Korean talks have been subdued. ‘What North Korea wants from dialogue with the South is not to talk about nuclear or human rights, but to have the South resume economic aid,’ said Lee Yun Gol, director of the state-run North Korea Strategic Information Centre (NKSIS)”(par. 14). This shows that North Korea and South Korea are not even close to each other in ideas of unification. North Korea will never discuss its nuclear power with the South, which is why ideas of reunification are evidently hopeless. If China becomes fully set on completely severing all relationships with North Korea, the UN would have more options to pressure North Korea into a corner with predictable choices. If President Trump’s words and actions are kept to being less provocative towards North Korea, Kim Jong-Un will have less leverage to threaten the UN with nuclear bombs. Finally, if the UN completely severs all breathing room in North Korea by adding even stricter sanctions like bilateral pressure and international law the UN will have a lot more room to negotiate with North Korea. If all of these conditions are met, the UN has the best chance of peacefully denuclearizing North Korea and avoiding any conflict.