The reason for this is because during conception ACH parent passes on half of his/her genes to the unborn child (that is the physical embryo). The gene is contained in the child’s color of eyes, hair, height, weight complexion, intelligence, personality and so on. Secondary to the genetic inheritance, the environment can also affect a child’s development, both the prenatal and postnatal physiological development; the environment exerts considerable influence on a child’s development through the school environment, religious environment, neighborhood where the child resides etc.
What determines how a child develops? Really, it would be official to account for each and every influence that ultimately determines who a child becomes. However, it is essential to discuss some of the most apparent influences such as genetics (Nature), experiences, friends, family relationships, schools (Nurture) in order to understand the influences that help contribute to a child’s growth. These influences can be seen as building blocks. While most people tend to have the same basic building blocks, these components can be put together in countless number of ways.
How much of who a man is, is shaped by the genetic inheritance, and how much is a result f his lifetime of experiences? This question has confused philosophers, psychologists and educators for years and is often referred to as the “nature versus nurture debate”. Is the child the result of nature (genetic background) or is he the result of nurture (the environment)? Maria Interiors held that the first period of life is the most crucial in the life of an individual, and this can be seen in the first day of an infant that is how infants are cared for physically on the first day.
To get a better knowledge of the mental development of an infant, Maria Interiors used the analogy of the human embryo. According to her, man has two (2) embryonic periods: The Prenatal: this is the moment of conception up until the birth of the child; it is the ten (10) months period of the child in the womb. The development of a child starts when the male reproductive cell, or sperm, penetrates the protective outer membrane of the female reproductive cell, or ovum. The sperm and ovum each contain chromosomes that act as a blueprint for human life as laid down by the ancestors.
Contained in the genes as earlier said are the colors of eyes, hair, height, weight complexion, intelligence, personality and so on. Aside the genes much may happen to determine whether the potential will be realized or not. For example the mothers diet, alcohol intake, whether she smokes or takes her medication regularly, though the child is safe in the amniotic sac, these or any of these factors may affect the development and well-being of the child within the period in the womb. The fetus at this stage is known as the “Physical Embryo”.
The Postnatal: this is also known as the “Spiritual Embryo”. It is the point from birth to the age of three years, it the child’s psyche from birth to age 3 ” the psyche means everything that is not hysterical about the child” that is the mind, personality, intellect, spirit and soul. At this stage Interiors believes that like the Physical Embryo the Spiritual Embryo also need to be well taken care of. Interiors said that despite the seemingly feel that the child is born blank she believes that the child in infancy has in him a legacy inherited from the ancestors.
The potential power if the brain or charm of the personality is there and as a child grows that potential will either develop or may fade away. It is within the period that the child inherits language but if he were to live in silence he loud gradually loose the potential. Though he initially gives no sign of conscious thoughts, yet he goes through a process of development in order to yield, by age three (3). And by age three the mind would have developed to that of a man.
Interior’s analogy helps to realist the importance of the need for the child to develop properly mentally, the foundation of the child is very important, if anything goes wrongs he child may not outgrow the defect. “The first care to be given to the newborn babe – overriding all others – must be a care for his mental life and not just for this bodily life”. The child is wherefore is to be shown love, affection admiration and given the best care possible within the right environment in order for him to reach its potential.
Knowing and understanding this analogy, it is safe to therefore say education must start at birth. Within the first three years if there is any interference with the development of the child, it may show defect in character and intellect and the defect may be lifelong. “The child needs to be protected, however he needs his environment to be warm with love and rich in nourishment itch nothing to harm it”. The environment should be prepared and all obstacles moved. It is through the environment that the child is brought to perfection.
The child has an innate capability to develop his psyche, God put it in him to help to complete the transformation. The child has what is known as the sensitive period, horse, absorbent mind, meme and the power to create a behavior. Sensitive Period this is the period when the child learns and absorbs everything he is shown within his environment, the child at this stage is curious and concentrates on some aspects in his environment. At this stage the child gets to acquire and develop certain characteristics. Horse:
Interiors explained this stage as the child’s unconscious will power, here there is a force that guides his development and thereby give rise to the child’s actions. Absorbent Mind: as the name implies it the stage where the child absorbs through activity without effort every information (like a sponge). Everything the child learns at this stage is to perfection. Meme: this the memory of the child, it’s subconscious The power to create a behavior: “although no definite forms of behavior are Pre-established in the child, he must nevertheless possess the power to create a behavior (e. G. Language).
The child will experience nebulous urges without form. Conclusion Today, most researchers agree that child development involves a complex interaction of both nature and nurture. While some aspects of development may be strongly influenced by biology, environmental influences may also play a role. For example, the timing of when the onset of puberty occurs is largely the results of heredity, but environmental factors such as nutrition can also have an effect. From the earliest moments of life, the interaction of heredity and the environment works to shape who children are and who they will become.