Nuclear Energy as a Power Source

As nuclear energy is cheap because of the large amount of uranium reserve on Earth and that it is also able to produce large amount of electricity, it has become the most likely solution to solving this issue. 3. The significance of the issue Nuclear energy has the potential to succeed fossil fuels as the main source of generating electricity.

This is due to the declining availability of fossil fuels around the world. As a result, nuclear energy seems to be the more likely alternative to fossil fuels as power source.However, the use of nuclear energy brings negative side effects especially to the environment and human population due to its radioactivity. 4. The participants in the issue The main parties involved in this issue include governments of countries as well as advocates for nuclear energy as an alternative energy source and the citizens of those countries who are against nuclear energy because of the negative byproducts that it releases.

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5. The differing views 1. 1 Arguments for nuclear energy Supporters of this argument firmly believe that nuclear energy is the solution to solving the problem of using fossil fuel for producing electricity. 1. . 1 No greenhouse Unlike fossil fuel, which produces greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, which is a principal contributor to global warming, nuclear energy doesn’t emit any greenhouse gases at all (Nuclear Energy Institute, n. D. ).

Power plants that use fossil fuels like coal as a mean to generate electricity produces greenhouse gases that include mainly carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide, which helps to worsen the global warming situation. In contrary, nuclear plants emit no greenhouse gases at all. This is because the energy is released from fission, as opposed to energy released in combustion from power plants based on fossil fuels.Therefore, nuclear energy doesn’t impact the environment in terms of contributing global warming (Australian Government Parliamentary Departments, 2010). 1. 1. 2 Produces large amount of electricity During the process of fission, which is the breaking up of uranium atoms, it produces heat.

This heat is used to boil water and produces steam that turns turbines and generates electricity in nuclear plants. Nuclear energy is not needed in large quantity to produce electricity. With small amount of uranium, large amount of energy can be produced, meaning that lots of electricity is generated.As well as that, a nuclear plant is able to operate 2417 without stopping, meaning that it can operate uninterrupted for long periods of time. Furthermore, nuclear energy provides 12. 3 percent of the world’s electricity (Nuclear Energy Institute, n. D. ).

This shows that nuclear energy is reliable as it is a secure mean of energy for countries that have limited natural resources such as fossil fuels (Australian Government Parliamentary Departments, 2010). 1. 2 Arguments against nuclear energy However, there also those of opinions that nuclear energy brings negative side effects.People against nuclear energy strongly believe that it is hazardous and may bring harm to the environment and to the human population due to its radioactivity. 1.

2. 1 Fission produces radiation Fission, which is able to produce large amount of heat using small quantity of uranium is also able to emit radiation. Radiation is a negative byproduct of this process that has extremely harmful effects on human population.

It can cause serious damage to human tissues because it causes mutation due to the alteration of DNA if exposed to it.Such a possibility that can cause this to happen includes a clear accident like Fuchsia accident in 2011 or unintended leakage where human population becomes overexposed to radiation. As a result, mutations can occur to victims and may permanently damage the gene structure which could result future generation to have abnormalities (Effects of Nuclear Radiation, 2011). 1. 2. 2 Waste from fission is radioactive Radioactive wastes from nuclear plants are a major concern for those who are against nuclear energy as the waste can last for over a thousand years until the radiation is gone (Australian Government Parliamentary Departments, 2010).Nuclear asset mainly includes water pollutant from the cooling system of nuclear plants. Water is essential for nuclear reactors to cool down so that it may not overheat.

However, water that is no longer needed for the nuclear reactor, which is highly contaminated, need to be removed. Usually, nuclear plants pump this radioactive water into nearby rivers or into the seas. As this water is radioactive, it damages the to die due to the harmful effects of radiation (Kiev, n. D. ) 6.

Conclusion As explored in this report, nuclear energy brings both advantages and disadvantages when it comes to producing energy.