Oceanography

What are some unique 

properties of water?

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

1. All 3 material states exist in nature under earth surface cond.

2.Highest heat capacity of all common liquids

3. very high melting and boiling points

4. Highest solutability 

5.Highest surface tension

What gives water its 

unique properties?

Asymmetrical molecular structure which imparts magnetic polarity to the molecules 


Hydrogen Bonding 


The Water Molecule is…

Covalently bonded

 

105 degrees

 

Polar

Why does a convex meniscus form? (Surface tension)
Water molecules are attracted more to each other than air molecules 

Why do concave meniscus form?

 

 

 

 

Because water molecules are attracted to Oxygen molecules in the glass (SiO2) of the beaker
Heat

kinetic energy,energy in the form of motion;

refers to the motion (vibration, translation, etc.) of 

molecules

CALORIE

A unit of measure of heat

LATENT HEAT

heat energy absorbed or released during a change in material state at a constant temperature 
From Ice to Water
80 cal/gm
From Water to Water Vapor 
540 cal/gm
Deflection to the _____ in the Northern Hemisphere
Right 

Deflection to the _____ in the southern Hemisphere

 

 

Left 

Maximum Coriolis effect at the ____

 

 

 

Poles
No coriolis effect at the ______
Equator

Why doesn’t idealized circulation happen?

;

;

the coriolis effect;
The coriolis is comparable to a _______
Ball on a merry go round;
Circulation Cell 0-30 degrees
Hadley Cells;
Circulation Cells 30-60 degrees
Ferrel Cells
Circulation Cells 60-90 degrees
Polar Cells;

Zonal Wind Name;

;

0-5 degrees

Doldrums;

Zonal Wind Name

5-30 degrees

Trade winds;

Zonal Wind Name

30 degrees

Horse latitudes;

Zonal Wind Name;

30-60 degrees

Prevailing Westerlies;

Zonal Wind Name

60 degrees

Polar Front;

Zonal Wind Name;

60-90 degrees

Polar Easterlies

Zonal Wind Name

90 Degrees

Polar high pressure;
Circulation around a high pressure system is called _____
Anticyclonic (Clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and Counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere);
Circulation around a low pressure system is called ________
Cyclonic Circulation (Counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and Clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere)
Two High Pressure Zones
Subtropical Highs ; Polar Highs;
Two low pressure zones
Equatorial lows ; Subpolar lows
Coastal Wind – Day
Sea Breeze (from ocean to land)
Coastal Wind – Night
Land Breeze (from land to Ocean)
A hurricane (tropical Cyclone) is a large rotating mass of ______ pressure
Low
The __________ – __________ Hurricane intensity Scale
Saffir-Simposon