Oceanography

What are some unique properties of water?
1. All 3 material states exist in nature under earth surface cond.2.

Highest heat capacity of all common liquids3. very high melting and boiling points4. Highest solutability 5.Highest surface tension

What gives water its unique properties?
Asymmetrical molecular structure which imparts magnetic polarity to the molecules Hydrogen Bonding 

The Water Molecule is…
Covalently bonded 105 degrees Polar
Why does a convex meniscus form? (Surface tension)
Water molecules are attracted more to each other than air molecules 
Why do concave meniscus form?    
Because water molecules are attracted to Oxygen molecules in the glass (SiO2) of the beaker
Heat
kinetic energy,energy in the form of motion;refers to the motion (vibration, translation, etc.) of molecules
CALORIE
A unit of measure of heat
LATENT HEAT
heat energy absorbed or released during a change in material state at a constant temperature 
From Ice to Water
80 cal/gm
From Water to Water Vapor 
540 cal/gm
Deflection to the _____ in the Northern Hemisphere
Right 
Deflection to the _____ in the southern Hemisphere  
Left 
Maximum Coriolis effect at the ____   
Poles
No coriolis effect at the ______
Equator
Why doesn’t idealized circulation happen?;;
the coriolis effect;
The coriolis is comparable to a _______
Ball on a merry go round;
Circulation Cell 0-30 degrees
Hadley Cells;
Circulation Cells 30-60 degrees
Ferrel Cells
Circulation Cells 60-90 degrees
Polar Cells;
Zonal Wind Name;;0-5 degrees
Doldrums;
Zonal Wind Name5-30 degrees
Trade winds;
Zonal Wind Name30 degrees
Horse latitudes;
Zonal Wind Name;30-60 degrees
Prevailing Westerlies;
Zonal Wind Name60 degrees
Polar Front;
Zonal Wind Name;60-90 degrees
Polar Easterlies
Zonal Wind Name90 Degrees
Polar high pressure;
Circulation around a high pressure system is called _____
Anticyclonic (Clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and Counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere);
Circulation around a low pressure system is called ________
Cyclonic Circulation (Counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and Clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere)
Two High Pressure Zones
Subtropical Highs ; Polar Highs;
Two low pressure zones
Equatorial lows ; Subpolar lows
Coastal Wind – Day
Sea Breeze (from ocean to land)
Coastal Wind – Night
Land Breeze (from land to Ocean)
A hurricane (tropical Cyclone) is a large rotating mass of ______ pressure
Low
The __________ – __________ Hurricane intensity Scale
Saffir-Simposon