What are some unique 

properties of water?

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1. All 3 material states exist in nature under earth surface cond.

2.Highest heat capacity of all common liquids

3. very high melting and boiling points

4. Highest solutability 

5.Highest surface tension

What gives water its 

unique properties?

Asymmetrical molecular structure which imparts magnetic polarity to the molecules 

Hydrogen Bonding 

The Water Molecule is…

Covalently bonded


105 degrees



Why does a convex meniscus form? (Surface tension)
Water molecules are attracted more to each other than air molecules 

Why do concave meniscus form?





Because water molecules are attracted to Oxygen molecules in the glass (SiO2) of the beaker

kinetic energy,energy in the form of motion;

refers to the motion (vibration, translation, etc.) of 



A unit of measure of heat


heat energy absorbed or released during a change in material state at a constant temperature 
From Ice to Water
80 cal/gm
From Water to Water Vapor 
540 cal/gm
Deflection to the _____ in the Northern Hemisphere

Deflection to the _____ in the southern Hemisphere




Maximum Coriolis effect at the ____




No coriolis effect at the ______

Why doesn’t idealized circulation happen?



the coriolis effect;
The coriolis is comparable to a _______
Ball on a merry go round;
Circulation Cell 0-30 degrees
Hadley Cells;
Circulation Cells 30-60 degrees
Ferrel Cells
Circulation Cells 60-90 degrees
Polar Cells;

Zonal Wind Name;


0-5 degrees


Zonal Wind Name

5-30 degrees

Trade winds;

Zonal Wind Name

30 degrees

Horse latitudes;

Zonal Wind Name;

30-60 degrees

Prevailing Westerlies;

Zonal Wind Name

60 degrees

Polar Front;

Zonal Wind Name;

60-90 degrees

Polar Easterlies

Zonal Wind Name

90 Degrees

Polar high pressure;
Circulation around a high pressure system is called _____
Anticyclonic (Clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and Counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere);
Circulation around a low pressure system is called ________
Cyclonic Circulation (Counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and Clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere)
Two High Pressure Zones
Subtropical Highs ; Polar Highs;
Two low pressure zones
Equatorial lows ; Subpolar lows
Coastal Wind – Day
Sea Breeze (from ocean to land)
Coastal Wind – Night
Land Breeze (from land to Ocean)
A hurricane (tropical Cyclone) is a large rotating mass of ______ pressure
The __________ – __________ Hurricane intensity Scale