On August 6, 1945, the B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay dropped a bomb on Hiroshima and a nuclear bomb on Nagasaki, Japan three days later as a lot of civilian lives were lost in these bombings. Japan surrendered a week after. I oppose to the actions of the United States dropping the bombs on Japan because of the consequences, casualties, oppositions.Since the Germans lost the war, Szilard (first scientist in the a-bomb operation) didn’t see any reason why atomic bombs need to be made anymore because he was only concerned that Germany would make the atomic bomb. He also tried to persuade President Roosevelt through his wife Eleanor Roosevelt about the danger of even making a nuclear weapon as it would pave way for the continuous use of them even in the future. “This report warned that even if the A-bomb helped save lives in this war, the A-bomb’s use could lead to a nuclear arms race and, possibly, a nuclear war that would take far more lives than however many might be saved in the current war” (Leo Szilard). Using the a-bomb also caused a lot of civilian lives. The atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan claimed the lives of 80,000 civilians while tens of thousands more got injured and poisoned from what was left of the bomb. “In the early years of the war, civilians were at greater risk of death than soldiers” (Atomic bombing lecture). President Truman who was the President of the United States as of that time said that he did it out of retaliation to Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941), a US naval base where more than 2,400 Americans died. I strongly oppose the dropping of the atomic bomb especially when civilians are involved. Why target civilians when you could have just targeted combatants just as Japan did?There were oppositions from the stakeholders in the atomic bomb project. Albert Einstein who was a crucial factor in the development of the atomic bomb realized his mistake getting involved in the bomb-making as he called it his great mistake of his life. Niels Bohr who was a well- known physicist encouraged building the bomb but “…after the atomic bomb was used on Japan Bohr told friends, ‘The frightening thing was… that it was not necessary at all'” (Niels Bohr). These people among others got haunted by their consciences after they saw what they had built and the extreme damage it could cause. The United States had the alternative of waiting on the Soviet Union to wage war on Japan and President Truman was notified of the Soviet’s actions which would have done a lot more damage to the Japanese than the bomb that the Americans dropped if the Soviet plan had worked before the bombing. America dropped two bombs on Japan in retaliation for the Pearl Harbor attack, but it was a wrong move as there was no need for the atomic bomb, there were high casualties and oppositions.