Pearl Harbor Research Paper

The horrible act committed by the Japanese was enough so that the U. S. Would get involved in World War 1 1 ending their policy of isolationism. As many would argue the conflict was the awakening of a “Sleeping Giant” and or “Sleeping Dragon” (PBS). Japan announces war on the U. S. Hoping to benefit their county. The conflict between those two countries caused Japan’s allies, Germany and Italy, to declare war on the U. S. Most Americans were not in favor of the united Started entering the war at all.

Between 1935 and 1937, Congress had passed a series of Neutrality Acts, which made it illegal to sell weapons or loan money to other nations that were involved in the war. Franklin Roosevelt, the president at the time, knew that if the Axis powers where to fall the U. S. Would be forced in the war. In 1939, Roosevelt enquired Congress to let the Allies buy American weapons, however the Allies would have to pay cash and carry the merchandise on their own ships. Having no records of selling goods to other nations involved in the war would prevent the Ignited States’ participation in the warfare.

Through the Lend-Lease Act passed in 1941, Roosevelt was able to loan or sell odds to any country vital to the United States. A few months later, British ships carrying American supplies became a target for Rudolf Hitler, leader of Nazi Germany who ordered his submarines to sink all cargo ships that they were to come across. The Atlantic Charter, a Declaration between Roosevelt and Winston Churchill, the British prime minister; who had declared that his country would never surrender to Germany, allowed free trade among nations and the right to choose your own form of government. Nevertheless, a German U-boat fired on an American destroyer.

As a counterattack, Roosevelt ordered that the navy shoot German submarines. The U. S. Was now officially in an undeclared war with the Nazi leader; Hitler. The attack, however, did not come from Germany but from its ally Japan. Germany, Italy and Japan came to be called the Axis powers after coming to an agreement. During the sass’s, one Of Japans major goals was to expand its empire. In order to do so, Japan attacked the core of China. Chinese resistance caused the war to keep going. The war was very costly for the Japanese. To increase supplies, Japanese leaders considered making business with the rich European colonies.

To stop known conquests of the European colonies, the U. S. Sent assistance to China so that it would have a better chance of resistance. Roosevelt cut off oil consignments to Japan because of its control of French Indochina, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. Even with low shipments of oil, Japan continued its plan to defeat European colonies. The Japanese hoped that the attacks against the U. S and European colonies of Southwest Asia would be a surprise therefore, the Japanese would get an easy victory. The Japanese planned immense attacks on both Dutch and British colonies as well as the U.

S naval ease in Hawaii. Japanese Admiral Usurious Hampton wanted the American Navy in Hawaii demolished. Affirming that the U. S. Was “a dragger pointed at Pan’s] throat,” he called for an attack (Little 497). An eyewitness Hubert ‘Dale’ Gang a retired U. S. Commander, describes his experience during the attacks on Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941. “I lived in Pearl City on a peninsula which jutted out into Pearl Harbor parallel to Ford Island on which the Naval Air Station Was based. Navy ships Were tied to piers On the east and West sides of Ford Island and at the south end of Pearl City peninsula.

There were there at the shipyard east across the bay from Ford Island. A very loud explosion rattled our windows. We rushed outside to see a string of airplanes in a shallow dive toward the ships at the end of our peninsula. We could see red anti-aircraft tracer shells floating up toward the lead aircraft. Could see the “Rising-Sun” emblem that decorated the side of the aircraft which identified them as Japanese. My wife and her friends who lived nearby went up into the hills to hide in a cave and I caught a boat to Ford Island. On the way over saw a large flight of Japanese aircraft fly over at a high altitude.

I awe sunken U. S. Navy ships on both sides of Ford Island burning furiously. When got to the east side of Ford Island I could see large fires in the Navy Yard which is across the water east of Ford Island. We lost no aircraft carriers because they were at sea. The ships which were docked in the spaces used by the carriers were sunk and burning. I saw some very brave Navy Yard workers cutting holes in the bottom of ships that had rolled over and sunk. They saved quite a few sailors who were trapped in the ships. Saw an oil covered sailor who looked familiar. He and I had gone to high school together.

He was lost eater in the war. When I went into the barracks later in the day saw long rows of dead and injured sailors lying on the floor. Visualize yourself standing on the east side of Ford Island looking across the water toward the Navy base. The submarine base is to your left, the shipyard straight across and the Navy Hospital far to the right on the point of land. The last attacking Japanese airplane saw dove to rooftop height above the submarine base, flew across the shipyard and climbed steeply over the hospital and flew away. The last Japanese airplane I saw was one we had shot down.

It was dragged up a ramp here was able to take a cartridge from a jammed machine gun and remove a nameplate from a wing for souvenirs” (Gang). The next day after the attacks Roosevelt took action and declared war on Japan in less than an hour, signing the declaration around 0 pm. Only having one opposing vote from a Pacifist in the House of Representatives. In April 1 942, the U. S. Bombed Tokyo and many other Japanese cities; the bombings did little damage. However, the raid showed that Japan was vulnerable to attack (Little). After the bombing, Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 9066, which ordered all Japanese-

Americans to evacuate the West Coast. 120,000 Japanese-Americans were put into Internment camps, which limited their rights as American citizens and were put aside from the rest of the world. Many Japanese-Americans were forced to sell their property which caused them to lose almost everything. Hitler made an agreement with Japan that Germany would join the war against the United States. Hitler was convinced that the U. S would soon declare war upon Germany because German U-boats were already being attacked by the U. S. Also, he knew that Roosevelt was against Nazi beliefs.

He lived that Japan was stronger than Germany. Hitler hoped that if he helped Japan defeat the IS Japan would then help Germany defeat Russia. According to Hitler, his most convenient decision was to declare war on the U. S. The Japanese military was destroyed. The bombing had left the cities in Japan and economy ruined.