People to Know for the APES Exam

Rachel Carson
published Silent Spring in 1962; documented environmental damage done by DDT and other pesticides which heightened public awareness at start of modern environmental movement
John Muir
founded Sierra Club in 1892; fought unsuccessfully to prevent the damming of Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite National Park
Gifford Pinchot
first chief of US Forest Service; advocated managing resources for multiple use using principles of sustainable yield
Garrett Hardin
published “The Tragedy of the Commons” in journal Science in 1968; argued rational people will exploit shared resources (commons)
Aldo Leopold
wrote A Sand County Almanac published a year after his death in 1948; promoted a “Land Ethic” in which humans are ethically responsible for serving as the protectors of nature
Sherwood Rowland and Mario Molina
1974–> determine that CFCs destroy stratospheric (good) ozone