Pericles gave this speech to enlighten the Athenians. He wanted to shine light on how special Athens is compared to the other Greek empires. A central theme that is seen throughout the speech is that the Athenians are able to strive for the good of the city. Whether it takes away some freedoms or wants, they are able to see past it and use it as an opportunity to grow together. As the Parthenon was the most expensive and grand temple ever constructed by the Greeks, Pericles shows some motivational factors in which he explains this. “There are mighty monuments of our power which will make us the wonder of this and of succeeding ages” (Thucydides 3). The building of the Parthenon was to inform other Greek empires that Athens is established. They are constantly showing order, and at this time was what kept Greeks sane. He states that the Parthenon is a symbol of power, and with great power comes reward. His reward is the Athenians who see the city of Athens as the priority rather than themselves as the priority. The Athenians are defined by living under a democracy. Athenians were adapting to new situations and following laws of the government not because they had to but because they wanted that sense of order in their City. Throughout time, they became more open minded to ideas that they thought would benefit Athens. They became more tolerant as things needed long periods of time to construct, and they became clever in adding new ideas in the society to become adaptable in any situation the Athenians encounter. Pericles states, “I want to show you that we are contending for a higher prize than those who enjoy none of these privileges” (Thucydides 3). The reason he states this is to remind the Athenians that all the hard work they put in, good things will come out. He wants his people to feel blessed and to cherish what they have all done together as a city. Pericles demonstrated Athenian values all throughout his speech. While he honors and gives tribute soldiers who were killed, he praises Athens. Although it might not be the values of every single Athenian in Athens, he shows power, dominance, and structure amongst his people. While his people become more creative, and open minded about things. The two fundamental forces in Greek thoughts and expression are “The analysis of forms into their component parts,” and “Representation of the specific in the light of the generic” (Pollitt 5-6). You can see how Athenians enforce the first fundamental force into their society. “Brings unity to the multiplicity of things by finding common bases for all of them” (Pollitt 5). The Athenians understand they are just people of Athens, but they also understand that each one of them has specific tasks to follow in order to keep Athens where it is. Pericles is there to also honor the Athenians on the progress they are making day by day. You can also see the second fundamental force in Athens as well with Athenians and also the Parthenon. The Parthenon was simply nothing but perfection and power to the Athenians. With buildings like these being so limited, it just shows how important it really meant to the Athenians at the time. Although Pericles does not mention the enemy, Sparta in his speech, he may hint at certain ways of livings or aspects of their society. In the beginning of his speech Pericles mentions how burial ceremonies differ from each empire. He bashes the enemies way which only honors the dead who have fallen on the battlefield. Pericles believes he should honor people who have done good deeds, and he states that is the reason why he is holding a public funeral. Sparta is probably a completely different society than Athens in this perspective. Sparta seems to be more of a war-hungry and power driven society rather than the city of Athens where is is more about order, and about how all the people of a society can come together to be stronger than ever imagined. The Parthenon temple is a great example of why Athens stood out amongst all other Greek empires.