Ring-Necked Pheasant Scientific Name
Phasianus Colchicus
Ring-Necked Pheasant Order
Ring-Necked Pheasant Family
Ring-Necked Pheasant Distribution
Native to Northern China, Korea, and Siberia
First introduced in 1881 in the Wilamette Valley in Oregon
Ring-Necked Pheasant Ohio History
Introduced in 1896
Established in 10 counties by 1903
Between 1923-1935, 10,000-25,000 Ring-Necked Pheasants were released annually
Ring-Necked Pheasant Stocking History
Between 1923-1935, 10,000-25,000 Ring-Necked Pheasants were released annually
Ring-Necked Pheasant Population History
Peaked in the last 30’s- early 40’s
Ring-Necked Pheasant Population Decline
Started after WW2, as fields grew bigger
Declining by 4.5% annually
Ring-Necked Pheasant Population Stabilization
Food Security Act, 1985, created the Conservation Reserve Program, which protected grasslands
Ring-Necked Pheasant Life Cycle
Male Pheasants start crowing in April and May
Mid-May is peak breeding period
Ring-Necked Pheasant Nesting
Clutch size 8-16 (Average 12)
Incubation= 23 days
Peak of hatching= last week of June
Ring-Necked Pheasant Lifespan
70% live less than a year, predation main cause
Removing predators doesn’t work
Ring-Necked Pheasant Habitat Requirements
Grasslands of at least 15 acres in size undisturbed until after August 1st
Brood stays within 30 acres of the nest for the first 6 weeks post-hatching
Ring-Necked Pheasant Grassland Requirements
Grass >12 inches tall for nesting
Ring-Necked Pheasant Winter Habitat Requirements
Persistent, erect herbaceous vegetation >6 feet tall
eg. Wetlands, shrubby fencerows, warm-season grass plantings
Ring-Necked Pheasant Habitat Ranges
Must be close to each other, between 1 to 2 square miles from winter to breeding habitats
Ring-Necked Pheasant Landscape Level Habitat
Minimum 6000 acres
5-10% Winter Cover
30-50% Nesting and Brood Rearing Cover
40-60% Cultivated Fields
Ring-Necked Pheasant Diets
89% Seeds, 5% plant foliage, 5% animal matter, 1% grit

Cultivated Grains important

Chicks eat insects first 4-6 weeks after hatching

Ring-Necked Pheasant Winter Foraging
Rarely more than 1/4 a mile from cover
Food must be close by
Ring-Necked Pheasant Winter Food Management
Leave plant and crop residues on the surface during winter

Unharvested Cropland is best
Croplands plowed in spring are adequate
Croplands plowed in fall offer little

Ring-Necked Pheasant Surveys
Spring and Summer Rural Mail Carrier Survey
Crowing count survey
Upland Wildlife Harvest Survey
Ring-Necked Pheasant Crowing Count Survey
April 23- May 15 on 58 routes in 16 counties
40 minutes before sunrise and consists of 12 2 minute listening stops
Ring-Necked Pheasant Harvest Management
Hunting is restricted to males