What is the difference between arithmetic growth and geometric growth, and which one does an uncontrolled population exhibit? 

Arithmetic: linearGeometric: exponentialGeometric 

Define and graph: Jcurve & Scurve & Overshoot, Dieback, Carrying Capacity 


What are some of the factors that act to maximize a population’s biotic potential? 

Reproductive rateAbility to migrate to similar habitatsAbility to adapt and invade new habitatsDefense mechanismsResistance to disease 

What are some of the env resistance factors that push back against the full biotic potential to keep the pop. in balance? 

Lack of food, water, habitatClimatic conditionsPredators and parasitesCompetitionsDisease 

What are the two most important factors that led to the current human pop. increase since the 1800’s? 

1) Reduction in disease transmission2) Improvement in nutrition 

What is the formula for a doubling time of a pop.? 


What is the current global human pop.
, its doubling time, and its growth rate? 


What region of the world has the largest pop. growth rate? 


What does the word “economy” mean? 


What is the env term for degradation of commonly held resources? 


How does one compute the net benefit to society for a resource at a given price point? 

The area between the S&D curves left of the quantity sold 

In terms of supply and demand, what price point will give the max net benefit to society? 

Where supply and demand lines meet 

What two assumptions are in place to calculate optimal price point for a resource which are known to be false? 

Players must be rational&Have perfect information 

What class of economic factors skew the optimal price point in real world economics? 


For environmental issues, what are the three most common failures of the market system? 

Inability to:Recognize sustainable yield thresholds of natural systemsValue nature’s servicesIncorporate env costs of economic activities 

What are the major economic strategies for fixing the problems the market system has? 

Adjusted GNPClosing the circleBiomimicry 
