Princess Bride Literary Terms and Examples

point of view
who is telling the storyex- William Goldman

tone
the attitude and emotion presentedex- William Goldman’s attitude during the beginning chapter

metaphor
a comparison of two things NOT using “like” or “as”ex- It was death chess and he was international grand master.

Intrusive Narrator
interrupts the story to talk to the readerex- William Goldman

Irony
the opposite of what is expectedex- The Zoo of Death is unlike other zoos. It does not help save the animals, Prince Humperdink kills them.

symbolism
represents more than itselfex- The Machine: symbolizes pain,defeat, and Count Rugen’s twisted nature

simile
a comparison of two things using “like” or “as”ex- The man in black was still there, sailing like lighting towards the cliffs

Flashback
a memory that gives info about a current eventex- Fezzik’s flashback includes being made fun of as a child, fighting, and his parents

hyporbole
exaggeration ex- …but if he doesn’t, tell him I’ll kill myself.

satire
Literary work which uses wit (humor), irony, and sarcasm to expose human folly/vice.ex- anti- fairy tale

imagery
makes a picture in the reader’s mind

style
unique ways a writer writes to get the meaning acrossex- C R A C K

forshadowing
the author hinting to the readerex- Buttercup’s kidnapping (p.93)

frame story
story within a storyex- William Goldman’s dad telling the story

conflict
a problem or struggle between two charactersex- Inigo versus Count Rugen with a duel

stereotype
to believe unfairly that someone is below youex- royalty and peasants

characterization
techniques a writer uses to give a character personality, appearence, and behaviors so the reader can picture them clearly

suspense
makes the reader more excited for whats about to happen

motif
an idea or a thing repeated that is important for what it symbolizesex:

setting
where the story takes place