Rangelands

clear cutting
Felling all timber in an area, as opposed to selectively cutting larger trees or certain species.
controlled burning
is conducted during the cooler months to reduce fuel buildup and decrease the likelihood of serious hotter fires.
crown fire
A forest fire burning primarily in the tops of trees and shrubs.
deforestation
The act or process of removing trees from or clearing a forest.
even-aged management
the removal of nearly all of the trees within a harvest area.
ground fire
that originates from the ground.
Not as harmful, sometimes beneficial
old-growth forest
Forest or woodland having a mature ecosystem characterized by the presence of old woody plants and the wildlife and smaller plants associated with them.
overgrazing
To permit animals to graze (vegetational cover) excessively, to the detriment of the vegetation.
pasture
Grass or other vegetation eaten as food by grazing animals.
rangeland
An expanse of land suitable for livestock to wander and graze on
reforestration
restocking of existing forests and woodlands which have been depleted.
riparian zones
part of the watershed immediately adjacent to the stream channel.
selective cutting
harvesting a proportion of the trees in a stand. Selection cutting is the practice of removing mature timber  to improve the timber stand.
strip cutting
cut one tree, skip one, cut one, skip one
surface fire
 forest fire in which only surface litter and undergrowth burn.
tree plantation
planted stands of trees
undergrazing
The act of one who, or that which, grazes.
uneven aged management
remove mature trees, or groups of them, leaving gaps and young trees to grow, allocating a portion of the growing space to regeneration.
wilderness
An unsettled, uncultivated region left in its natural condition