Sea Grass

Inundated
Covered with water, causes a problem for plants because lack of oxygen, as well as ammonium and ethonal building up.
SAV 8==D
Submerged Aquatic Vegetation
Sea Grass
Marine Flowering Plants, Phylum Anthophyta Class Monocotyledoneae Order Helobiae
Cymodoceaceae
Sholl/Manitee Grass
Hydra Charitaceae
Turtle Grass
Ruppiaceae
Widgen Grass
Zosteraceae
Eel grass/ surf grass
Higher Plants
Seperate Conducting Tissues, Distinct leaves, stems, roots, and flowers.
Leaf
Epidermus, mesophyl (spongy and palisade), vascular tissue
Stem
Not woody, typically underground (rhyzome)
Root
Primary root (radicle), adventicious
Flowers
Angiosperm (ovules are enclosed during development)
Biofouling
When epiphytes grow on sea grass and block sunlight from reaching them
Tannins & Phenolic Compounds
Anti Herbivore and anti biofouling compounds that sea grasses use.
Red field ratio
ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus Nitrogen is limited
Cnidae
Part of jellyfish that stings
Cnidoblasts
Cells that hold cnidae 8==D
Diploblastic
Two tissue layers (ectoderm and endoderm)
Cnidaria
Corals, jellyfish, anemone
Epiderm
Calcium Producing
Gastroderm
Zooxanthellae
Zooxanthele
Breaks down stuff in gastroderm. Seperate organism
Scyphozon 8=====D
True Jelly fish
Cubozoa
Box Jelly Fish 8====D
Hydrozoa
Hydroids fire coral lace coral
Anthozoa
sea anemones and corals
Hermatypic
Reef Building ; ) corals that deposit calcium carbonate
Subsidence Theory
Created by Darwin; reefs go from fringing reefs to barrier reefs to atolls
8========D
; )
Branching coral
Grow vertical to shade out other coral
Massive-mounding Coral
Between branching and plate corals
Plate corals : (
Grow horizontally to get the most sunlight
CGJ Peterson
He found that there were similar communities in different areas
Functional Groups
Sediment stabilizers and sediment destabilizers