SELF MEDICATION PRACTICE AMONGST ALLOPATHIC, HOMEOPATHIC AND ENGINEERING STUDENTSA proposal submitted toIndian Council of Medical ResearchShort Term Studentship Program STS-2018Abhijeet Venkatrao Kalyankar Dr.
P.D PorePrincipal Investigator Professor, Guide4th SemesterDepartment of Community MedicineBharati Vidyapeeth Deemed to be UniversityMedical College, Pune – 411043Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed to be UniversityMedical College, Pune – 411043Department of Community MedicineLetter of Approval by Scientific CommitteeThe ICMR STS 2018 project protocol of Abhijeet Venkatrao Kalyankar titled “SELF MEDICATION PRACTICE AMONGST ALLOPATHIC, HOMEOPATHIC AND ENGINEERING STUDENTS” was discussed and approved at the department Scientific Committee held onThe meeting was attended by the following dignitaries:INDEXS.NoTopicPage No1INTRODUCTION2AIM AND OBJECTIVES3MATERIAL AND METHODSHalf?4IMPLICATIONS OF STUDY5REFERENCES? PERFORMAI SURVEY QUESIONNAIREII PARTICIPANTS INFORMATION SHEET-III INFORMED CONSENT FORM-Introduction:-Self-medication is defined as the use of medication by a patient on his own initiative or on the advice of a Pharmacist or a lay person instead of consulting a medical practitioner (WHO guidelines, 2000). It has traditionally been defined as “the taking of drugs, herbs or home remedies on one’s own initiative, or on the advice of another person, without consulting a doctor.”The most widely self-medicated substances are OTC drugs used to treat common health issues at home, as well as dietary supplements. These do not require a doctor’s prescription to obtain and, in some countries, are available in supermarkets and convenience stores.
In postsecondary (university/college) students, self-medication of drugs such as Paracetamol, Disprin, Azithromycin has been widely reported and discussed in literature. The adverse consequences of such practices should always be emphasized to the community and steps to curb it. It would be safe, if the people who are using it, have sufficient knowledge about its dose, time of intake, side effect on over dose, but due to lack of information it can cause serious effects such as antibiotic resistance, skin problem, hypersensitivity and allergy. Families, friends, neighbors, the pharmacist, previous prescribed drug, or suggestions from an advertisement in newspapers or popular magazines are common sources of self-medications. Now-a-days, self-medication should be seen as the “desire and ability of people/patients to play an intelligent, independent and informed role, not merely in terms of decision-making but also in the management of those preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic activities which concern them. AIMTo study prevalance of self-medication amongst ALLOPATHIC, HOMEOPATHIC AND ENGINEERING STUDENTSOBJECTIVE1To estimate practice of self-medication amongst ALLOPATHIC, HOMEOPATHIC AND ENGINEERING STUDENTS 2To relate the incidences of self-medication with the present pharmacological knowledgeMATERIALS AND METHODStudy Area:The study will be conducted among MBBS, BHMS and B.
Tech students of Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University, PuneStudy Design: The research design will be Observational Descriptive Cross sectional studyStudy Population:Students in MBBS, BHMS, B.TechSample size estimation:It was reported for 88.5% UG students to practice Self Medication, for this study assuming prevalence of Self Medication among MBBS, BHMS and B.Tech students to be same.Based on this, the sample size will be calculated using formulaN= 4pq WhereP= positive factor/prevalence/proportion= 88.5%Q= 100-p= 100-88.5 = 11.5% = allowable error or precision or variability = 10% of p= 10% of 88.
5 = 8.85Therefore N= = = 51.99So approximately 100 students each from MBBS, BHMS, B.Tech will be selected from Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune for this studySampling TechniqueSimple Random Technique each for Students in MBBS, BHMS, B.Tech of second year Inclusion criteria for participantsStudents present on the day of data collection in class.Exclusion criteria for participantsStudents on leave on the day of surveyStudy Duration: May 2017 to September 2017Tools of data collection:A predesigned, pretested, questionnaire will be used to collect data.
6.Variable used in study: 1.age2.education(BHMS,MBBS,BTech)3.parents background7.Anticipated Risk factor: Nil8.Method of data collection -collection by questionary9.
Plan of data analysis References:-A questionnaire based regarding the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among second year undergraduate medical studentsIJPCS, vol6, Oct 20172. Montgomery AJ, Bradley C, Rochfort A, Panagopoulou E. A review of self-medication in physicians and medical students. Occup Med (Lond). 2011;61(7):490-7. doi: 10.
1093/occmed/kqr098. Epub 2011 Jul 4. PubMed: 217271793. Self Medi. cation Practices among Medical Students of a Private Institute (Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, March – April 2015)4. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Self-Medication among Medical Students) – IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science (IOSR-JNHS)DOI: 10.
9790/1959-04118996Implications: -The results of the study will give the( Community Medicine Department of Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University Medical College :)A good picture about the overall practice of self medication in relevance to different fields.Sample Population taking antibiotics without any prescription can be made aware about the global issues faced due to antibiotic resistanceSample Population will be encouraged to consult a qualified physician for the best diagnosis of disease and its treatment. A comparison can be made on the incidences of self medication with the present pharmacological knowledge of the person.