Site condition indicators

Speckled alder
(alnus rugosa)

Moderate to rich wetlands

Black Ash
(Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

rich swamps

*strong eco-indicator

Green ash
(fraxinus pennsylvanica)

rich, alluvial sites

* strong eco-indicator

Bigtoothed aspen
(populus tremuloldes)

moderate sites

White ash
(Fraxinus americana)

rich, moist sites

Quaking aspen
(Populus tremuloldes)

generalist

strong on corse dry substrait

Northern arrowwood
(Viburnum recognitum)

moderate to rich wetlands

American basswood
(Tilia americana)

Rich moist sites

*strong eco-indicator

American beech
(Fagus grandifolia)

Moderate to dry sites

 

Black birch

(Betula lenta)

Moderate sites

Gray birch

(Betula papyrifera)

generalist

strong on coarse dry substraits 

Paper birch

(Betula papyrifera)

generalist

 

Yellow birch

(betula lutea)

moderate to moist, cool sites

Highbush blueberry

(Vaccinium corymbosum)

acidic uplands and wetlands

*strong eco-indicator

Lowbush blueberry

(Vaccinium angustifolium)

acidic, dry sites

*strong eco-indicator

European buckthorn

(Rhamnus frangula)

generalist

Butternut

(Jugians cinerea)

rich moist sites

*strong eco-indicator 

Easter red cedar

(Juniperus virginiana)

warm fields

*strong eco-indicator

Black cherry

(prunus pensylvanica)

Rich moist or poor dry

 

American chestnut

(castanea dentata)

warm dry sites

*strong eco-indicator

Eastern cottonwood

(Populus deltoides)

aluvial sites

*strong eco-indicator

Alternate-leaf dogwood

(Cornus alternifolia)

moderate sites

Red-osier dogwood

(Cornus stolonifera)

moderate to rich wetlands

Silky dogwood

(Cornus amomum)

moderate wetlands

Common elderberry

(sambucus pubens)

rich, wet sites

*strong eco-indicator

Red elderberry

(sambucus pubens)

moderate to poor sites

American elm

(Ulmus americana)

rich moist sites

*strong eco-indicator

Slippery elm

(Ulmus rubra)

moderate to rich sites

Balsam fir

(Abies balsamea)

 moist cool sites

*strong eco-indicator

Hawthorn

(Crataegus sp.)

pastures

*strong eco-indicator

Eastern hemlock

(Tsuga canadensis)

generalist

Bitternut hickory

(Carya cordiformis)

rich moist sites

*strong eco-indicator

Shagbark hickory

(carya ovata)

rich warm sites

*strong eco-indicator

Hobblebush

(Viburnun alnifolium)

cool sites

*strong eco-indicator

Black huckleberry

(Gaylussacia baccata)

dry poor burned sites

*strong eco-indicator

Hop hornbeam

(Ostrya virginiana)

rich dry sites

Poison ivy

(Toxicodendron radicans)

rich moist or poor dry sites

Common juniper

(Juniperus communis)

pastures, rock outcrops or poor coarse substraits

*strong eco-indicator

Mountain laurel

(Kalmia latifolia)

acidic warm sites

*strong eco-indicator

Sheep laurel

(Kalmia angustifolia)

acidic uplands and wetlands

*strong eco-indicator

Leatherleaf

(chamaedaphne calyculata)

Acidic wetlands

*strong eco-indicator

Black locust

(robinia pseudo-acacis)

rich site

Ashleaf maple

(acer negundo)

alluvial sites

*strong eco-indicator

Mountain maple

(Acer spicatum)

cool sites

*strong eco-indicator

Silver maple

(Acer saccharinum)

rich alluvial sites

*strong eco-indicator

Sugar maple

(Acer saccharum)

moderate to rich sites

Musclewood

(Capinus caroliniana)

rich moist sites

*strong eco-indicator

Nannyberry

(Viburnum ientago)

rich wetlands

*strong eco-indicator

Chestnut oak

(Quercus prinus)

hot dry sites

*strong eco-indicator

Red oak

(Quercus rubra)

moderate to warm dry sites

 

White oak

(Quercus ilicifolia)

warm dry sites

*strong eco-indicator

Scrub oak 

(Quercus ilicifolia)

poor dry burned sites

*strong eco-indicator

Pitch pine

(Pinus rigida)

poor dry burned sites

*strong eco-indicator

Red pine

(Pinus resinosa)

poor dry ledgy sites

*strong eco-indicator

White pine

(Pinus strobus)

generalist

Sassafras

(Sassafras albidum)

warm dry sites

*strong eco-indicator

Spicebush 

(Lindera benzoin)

rich wetlands

*strong eco-indicator

Black spruce

(Picea mariana)

acidic wetlands

*strong eco-indicator

Red spruce

(Picea rubens)

acidic cool sites

*strong eco-indicator

White spruce

(Picea glauca)

northern valleys

*strong eco-indicator

Sweetfern

(Comptonia peregrino)

poor coarse substraits

*strong eco-indicator

Sycamore

(Plantanus occidentalis)

Rich alluvial sites

*strong eco-indicator

Tamarack

(Larix laricina)

acidic wet sites

*strong eco-indicator

Mapleleaf viburnum

(Viburnum acerifoluem)

acid dry sites

Virgina creeper

(Parthenociussus quinquefoa)

rich moist sites

Wich hazel

(Hamamelis verginiana)

warm sites

Wild raisin

(Viburnum cassinoides)

acidic wetlands and uplands

*strong eco-indicator

Ostrich fern

(Matteuccia struthiopteris)

rich alluvial sites

Painted trillum

(Trillum undulatum)

acidic cool sites

Partridgeberry

(Mitchella repens)

acidic dry 

Pink lady’s slipper
acidic uplands
Red baneberry

(Actaea rubra)

rich moist sites

Red columbine

(Aquilegia conadensis)

rich dry sites

 

Red trillium

(Trillum erectum)

rich moist sites

Royal fern

(Osmunda regalis)

moderate wetlands

Sensitive fern

(Onoclea sensibilis)

rich wetlands

sharped-lobed hepatica

(Hepatica acutiloba)

rich uplands

Skunk cabbage

(Symplocarpus foetidua)

rich warm swamps

Spring beauty 

(Claytonia virginiana)

rich mosit sites

Starflower

(Trientalis borealis)

acidic uplands

Trailing arbutus

(Epigaea repens)

acidic dry sites

Trout lilly

(Erythronium americanum)

rich moist sites

Wild ginger

(Asarum canadense)

rich uplands

Wild leek

(Allium tricoccum)

rich moist sites