Smoking, housing and UnemploymentThe purpose of this essay is to explain howdeterminants of health impact on individuals and communities’ health. To complete this assignment, it will benecessary to use the following determinants of health: Smoking, housing andunemployment, and how these determinates can affect individual’s health. Thesedeterminates can affect working and living lifestyle that influenceindividual’s life in our society.
“Determinates of health consist of the range of personal,social, economic, and environmental factors that impact on health status are identifiedas determinants of health. Determinants of health falls on several broad categoriessuch as: policymaking, social factors, health services, individual behaviour andbiology and genetics. It is the interrelationships among thesefactors that determine individual and population health. Because of this,interventions that target multiple determinants of health are most likely to beeffective. Determinants of health reach beyond the boundaries of traditionalhealth care and public health sectors; sectors such as education, housing,transportation, agriculture, and environment can be important allies inimproving population health” (definitionofwellness, 2017).The term Inequality or equity health is hard to explainmainly because fo its complicated nature of the term health itself. Manydifferent/disagreeing explanations of the term health exist, and all are veryopen to opinion and judging, depending upon who is defining the term, and towhom it is being aimed at. The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines the termas “A complete state of physical, mental and social wellbeing, and notmerely the absence of disease or infirmity”.
Just as explaining the term inequalityhealth has its complicated fundamentals, defining the term equality suffers thesame open to opinion and judging; difficulties. What might be “equal” to an individualmay be the different from the opposite induvial perspective and views, it’s canbe based on ways of thinking/basic truths/rules, morals, family and culturalcharacteristics, social class etc. For example, in a workplaceif an individual is a different religion from Christianity they might feeldiscriminated if they did not have a place of prayer in their workplace. Anotherexample, if a Catholic school leaves out/keeps out a pupil who has turned awayfrom the Catholic faith and declared himself a person who believes there is noGod. This is likely to be illegal direct unfair treatment because of religionor belief.According to The NationalHealth Service Health Scotland (NHS health Scotland) how inequalities and equity happen in relationto determinants of health, is a “distribution in society of Income – moneyreceived by individuals or groups over a specific time period. Wealth – the value of an individual or group’s moneyand/or material assets that have built up over time.
Accumulated wealth mayprovide extra income from interest, rents or share dividends. Power – a complexconcept which includes the ability or capacity to do, or not to do, somethingand control, force or influence through a variety of means”. The basic causesinfluence the distribution of wider related to surrounding conditions or thehealth of the world influences on health and access to services and wider communityof people. The importance of equalityand equity in the United Kingdom is because it’s a multicultural country, with differentpeople from different background. Since everyone is different and its supportthese differences as like nothing else in the world, it must also redefine its basicexpectations for fairness and success as dependent upon those individualdifferences.