SueNa Jiang UH1A 10/19/17Constitutional Democracy In a representative democracy, the rule of law must follow the principles of democracy by protecting people’s civil rights and liberty, limiting the government, encouraging popular sovereignty and majority rule. The Founding Fathers wrote the U.S Constitution in hopes that future generation would follow it, and use it to establish America’s government and laws, and to guarantee basic rights for every individual. Despite the fact that some may say the Constitution undermines the minorities through majority rule, it still protects the democratic principles of civil liberty, limiting government power through checks and balances; therefore, making the U.S Constitution a blueprint for democracy.The U.
S Constitution is a blueprint for democracy because the First Amendment guarantees people the freedom of speech, religion, press. The First Amendment was one of the ten amendments that was included in the Bill of Rights. Anti-federalists felt that it was necessary to protect individual liberties. In 1791, the first ten amendments of the Constitution was ratified.Of the first ten amendment, the First Amendment is the most important because it states that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances” (U.S Constitution, First Amendment). Because of this amendment, it gives people the right to freely express themselves, whether it be through a public speech or through media.
It enforces basic human rights and allows people to make their own choices based on their own judgment. This also amendment represents the democratic principle of civil liberty because it allows citizens to object and speak out against certain government decisions or violation. Additionally, anything that violates the law and prohibit freedom of speech is considered unconstitutional. To protect our democracy against tyranny, the U.
S Constitution limits government power by designing the separation of power and making a system of checks and balances. The separation of power divided the government into three branches: the legislative branch, executive branch, and the judicial branch. The legislative branch, consisting of the House and Senate selected by the people, makes the law; the executive branch executes the laws, and the judicial branch interprets the laws. At the same time, the powers of these branches can be limited by another branch through the system of checks and balances.
For example, when the House of Representatives and the Senate voted on a bill, it shall be presented to the President of the United States to be approved or disapproved by him. If he were to disprove the bill, the bill is sent back to be reconsidered and if approved by two thirds of the Senate and the House of Representatives, it shall become a law (U.S Constitution. Article One, Section 7). As shown in this example, one way in which the system of checks and balances can prevent a corrupted government is by ensuring that the Congress can’t pass laws easily without the approval of the President.
If the President were to veto the law, it can limit Congress from becoming too influential in decision makings because it needs a supermajority to override it. Moreover, limitations on one branch creates a balance in government and can make another branch be accountable to and have an effect on the others with neither side having too much power.One might argue that the majority undermines the minorities because of “its failure to accurately reflect the national popular will in at least two respects. First, the distribution of Electoral votes in the College tends to over represent people in rural States…Each Floridian’s potential vote, then, carried about one third the weight of a potential vote in the other States listed ” ( Posner). However, these claim is ultimately weak because the Electoral College showcases the popular votes instead of the nation’s majority vote. For the reason that states are entitled to the same number of electoral votes regardless of its voter turnout, many voters are discouraged to participate in elections, enabling a minority of citizens to decide the electoral vote for the whole State (Posner).
This clearly contradicts the claim that the majority having an upper hand in elections because there is a possibility that the minorities can change the outcome of an election for an entire state. The Electoral College gives minorities representation in presidential election and gives them a possibility to vote for a minority candidate that shares the same view as them. This also encourages candidates to appeal to the minority states and groups instead of excluding them in their campaigns. In conclusion, the U.S Constitution is a blueprint for democracy as it promotes the principles of American democracy by creating a limitation of power in the government, giving the people the freedom of expression, and giving the minorities a chance to change to have an impact on elections.Word Count:823Works CitedPosner, Richard A. “In Defense of the Electoral College.
” Slate.com, 12 Nov. 2012.United States Constitution. Philadelphia, PA,1787.