Sustainability final

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
provisioning services
food, water, timber, fiber
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
regulating services
affect climate, floods, disease, waste, and water quality
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
cultural services
provide recreational, aesthetic, and spiritual benefits
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
supporting services
soil formation, photosynthesis, and nutrient cycling
four necessary shifts in business practices

1

increase productivity of natural resources
four necessary shifts in business practices

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2

shift to biologically inspired product models
four necessary shifts in business practices

3

Move to solutions-based business model
four necessary shifts in business practices

4

Reinvest in natural capital
increasing food quantities through scientifically improved crops
Green Revolution
Urban biodiversity
interrelationship
towns and cities are good experimental areas between humans and nature
Urban biodiversity
distinct
ecosystems have their own characteristicts
Urban biodiversity
quality
can significantly contribute to standards of living
Urban biodiversity
nature
people are more likely to take action having a personal and relevant connection
John Miur
He wrote things influencing people that environmental conservation was a necessary element of any civilized nation
Two models of conservation
fortress
participatory
fortress conservation
(national parks)
keeping people OUT of an area, eventually making people believe that ‘the wild’ are places devoid of humans
participatory conservation
Conservation initiatives that are locally conceived, flexible, and participatory – based on the ecology and economy of the local area
“biosphere reserves”
biosphere reserves
allow for the sustained production/consumption of recourses while recognizing that human beings are a part of nature
Three roles of biosphere reserves
Erich Hoyt
Conservation role
logistics role
development role
Three roles of biosphere reserves
Erich Hoyt
Conservation role
conservation of genetic materials, ecosystems, and species
Three roles of biosphere reserves
Erich Hoyt
logistics role
providing interconnected facilities for research and monitoring
Three roles of biosphere reserves
Erich Hoyt
development role
fostering a connection with human populations near the protected area
Natural Capitalism
an approach to economic and business development that protects the biosphere and improves competitiveness and profitability by making ‘simple changes’ to the way businesses are run
necessary shifts in business practices towards cradle to cradle
1 Increase productivity of natural resources
2 Shift to biologically inspired production models
3 Move to solutions-based business model
4 Reinvest in natural capital
Corporate social responsibility
the commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of the workforce and their families as well as of the local community and society at large
Corporate social responsibility
Primary Stakeholders
those individuals/groups without whom the business would not exist – shareholders, investors, employees, customers
Corporate social responsibility
Secondary Stakeholders
those individuals/groups that affect or influence the work of the business – media, social interest groups, NGOs
social enterprise
businesses should be owned by the community, and benefits go to the community
post-war urban sprawl
One of the biggest issues with current settlement structures
Hanover principle
a living document committed to understanding human’s independence of nature
living document
a document that adapts to changing situations as knowledge bases expand
Hanover principle
(what it covers)
humanity and nature to coexist
relationships between spirit and matter
creates safe objective long term values
rely on natural energy
understands limitations of design
Transition Town
articulating an ethical but practical vision that locals can support, develop, and identify with
What sparked the idea of a Transition Town?
peak oil statistics and oil embargo
Energy decent
living a post-carbon future rather than preparing to live in a post-carbon future
Urban Village
environmental benefits, high-quality and affordable neighborhoods, and mixed-use urban space
New Urbanism
redefining the American Dream, replacing suburban sprawl with higher densities, open space, less pollution
Environmental design
creates space that will enhance the natural, social, cultural, and physical environment, fashioning human experiences through a created physical space
Geosequestration
a technical solution to limit the amount of CO2 emitted into the atmosphere
Biological sequestration
carbon capture and storage through deliberate measures relating to forest protection and management, afforestation, and soil improvement through the addition of biochar
Ecological Footprint Analysys
Refers to the total area of productive land and water required continuously to produce all of the resources consumed by a region/ city and to assimilate all the wastes produced, wherever on earth that land is located
Ecological footprinting critiques
It is not a dynamic modelling tool
Has no predictive capacity.
Does not factor in the needs of non-human species
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
stages
Inventory
Impact Analysis
Impact Assessment
Improvement
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Inventory
gathering mainly quantifiable data which may involve expensive research
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Impact Analysis
consideration of how this inventory impacts the environment in each area documented under the inventory
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Impact Assessment
the measuring of impacts broken down into three stages
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Improvement
an appraisal of where and how the product or service can be further improved
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Impact Assessment stages
Classification
human health, natural resources
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Impact Assessment stages
Characterization
aggregation of data and creation of impact profile
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Impact Assessment stages
Valuation
weighting of different impact categories using quantitative and qualitative data
The Natural Step (TNS)
enables organizations and communities to plan their activities in a more sustainable fashion
outlines a set of system conditions and focuses on initial causes of problems
The Natural Step (TNS)
processes
Identify the need of the product, service, or organization and key stakeholders.
The present situation is analyzed – what’s working, what needs to change.
Future scenarios that work within the same frame are envisioned.
Strategies are identified and adopted
The Natural Step (TNS)
principle one
society’s use of elements from the ground with measures for things like carbon dioxide in the air, sulfur dioxide and acid rain
The Natural Step (TNS)
principle two
restricting emissions of anthropogenic production of substances with measures/indicators for harmful levels
The Natural Step (TNS)
principle three
addresses anthropogenic manipulation of nature
The Natural Step (TNS)
principle four
efficiency of society’s use of natural assets
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
a collaborating center of the United Nations Environment Programme setting out principles and indicators for organizations to measure and communicate their economic, environmental, and social performance.
The major aims of the GRI
promote a standardized approach to reporting
stimulate demand for sustainability information
facilitate the implementation of sustainability reporting
The GRI sustainability reporting guidelines
Economic
wages, benefits, productivity, job creation, expenditures on research and development, investment in training
The GRI sustainability reporting guidelines
Environmental
impacts of processes, product impact on air, water, and, biodiversity
The GRI sustainability reporting guidelines
Social
workplace health and safety, employee retention, rights, wages, working conditions
The GRI sustainability reporting guidelines
Economic
Environmental
Social
Ethnoscape
concepts of culture
Mediascape
distribution of capabilities to produce and disseminate information
Technoscapes
a collection of the technology available
Financescapes
the monetary availability of different regions/cultures
ideascapes
a chain of ideas, concepts, images, and values (freedom, democracy, sustainability) that constitute individual and group worldviews and perspectives
Citizen media projects/citizen journalists
Collectively run media outlets with the common purpose of creating and disseminating accurate information
The increased potential for participation, direct action, free expression, dialogue and engaged critique is a welcome alternative to the dominance of corporate and state media
key hallmarks of participatory media
Voice and Personality
disaster porn
Media interest in ‘compelling pictures’ of dying children, famine, destruction, in order to promote or document a cause
common myths prevalent in Sustainable Development education
Ignorance is a solvable problem.
With sufficient knowledge and technology we can manage the Earth
Our stock of knowledge is increasing (loss of TEK proves otherwise)
Unreformed higher education can restore what we have lost
Purpose of education is to provide students with the means for upward mobility and economic success.
Western culture is the highest achievement of humanity
Leadership (according to Northouse)
a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal; to influence, to motivate, to inspire, and to (sometimes) be morally uplifting
Emotional Intelligence as a Necessity of Leadership
how individuals effectively relate to self and others – the need to understand others
Emotional Intelligence as a Necessity of Leadership
prerequisites
Self-awareness
Self-management
social awareness
relationship management
Emotional Intelligence as a Necessity of Leadership
Self-Awareness
attuned to inner feelings, self assessment/confidence
Emotional Intelligence as a Necessity of Leadership
Self-Management
self-control, adaptability, initiative, optimism
Emotional Intelligence as a Necessity of Leadership
social awareness
empathy, service
Emotional Intelligence as a Necessity of Leadership
relationship management
inspiration, develop others, change agent, conflict management, teamwork and collaboration
cultural intelligence
a capability that helps people engage with others from different occupation, national, or ethnic cultures
necessary to be open to different ideas and experiences (even if they’re odd or alien)
Changing Minds
The use of reason, analysis and evaluation
The collection of relevant info
The appeal to emotion
Encouragement or motivation to change
The impact of real-world events
the different fields of conversation constituting a fruitful dialogue
polite
participants seek dominance
exhibit curiosity
ideas are free flowing
fields of conversation
polite
participants don’t say what they think or feel, do not share as a result of politeness
fields of conversation
dominance
participants battle and get angry
fields of conversation
curiosity
people express their thoughts, admit not knowing
fields of conversation
awareness
Participants are atentive of the significance of the whole, ideas are free flowing and connections happen
dialogue practice
listening
respecting
suspending opinions
voicing
dialogue practice
listening
demonstrate dropping our assumptions and being attentive to not only others, but to ourselves
dialogue practice
respecting
take consideration of different viewpoints and realize everyone thinks differently
dialogue practice
suspending opinions
seeing with new eyes, taking others’ viewpoint into consideration over your own
dialogue practice
voicing
speaking genuinely, relinquishing the need to dominate the conversation