Sustainability

Definition of Enviorment

The circumstances or conditions that surround an organism or group of organisms as well as the complex of social or cultural conditions that affect an individual or community.

 

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Definition of Sustainability 

Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs

 

Essentials for a Healthy, Productive life

  • Food
  • Housing
  • Clean water
  • Sanitation
  • Education
  • Medical Care

 

What makes up the Natural World

Plants, animals, soils, air, and water

 

What makes of the Built World

Social institutions and artifacts that we create using technology, science, culture, and political organization

 

Define Enviormental Science

How society responds to enviormental crises and oppertunities

 

What is the biggest problem facing Enviormental Science 

It is not in indentifying remedies but in making them socially, economically, and politically acceptable.

 

What are some persistant challenges we face?

  • Climate change
  • Hunger
  • Clean Water
  • Energy Resources 

 

How many people live in acute poverty?

1.4 billion (1/5 the population) live on less than $1 a day 

 

How many people in the world are considered to be living in poverty?

4/5

 

How does poverty relate to protecting the enviorment?

The worlds poorest people are both the victims and the agents of enviormental degradation 

 

They are forced to meet short term survival needs at the cost of long term sustainability 

 

The united states (5% of the worlds population) consumes how much commercially traded commodities such as oil?

1/4

 

How much Industrial waste does the United States produce?

1/4 to 1/2
What are the three demensions of sustainability?

  • Enviormental 
  • Institutional
  • Socio- Economic 

Define aspects of the enviorment as it pertains to Sustainability

  • The resources of earth are finite 
    • Nature, Natural Resources, Climate and Engery

                                   

What is the role of economic in sustainability?

Insustutional Dimension

  • Creates norms, rules, and practices that guide and bound human behavior
    • Formal: Laws, policies, regulations
    • Practices, beliefs, social networks 
      • May challenge formal institution 

 

Define Socio-Economic

Peoples standard of living

  • Cultures with more money have more destructive lifestyles
  • People in poverty have higher illness, less education, and struggle to find food and shelter. They are forced to meet short term survival needs at the cost of long term sustainability. 
  • Poor people are both victims and agents
  • Everyone should be able to meet the standard of living without cost to the enviorment 

What  is the result of all three demensions working together

Sustainability

  • Social-Enviorment: Enviormental justice, Responsible tourism, Respectable DNR
  • Enviormental Economics:Green economy, Population control, Enviormental policy
  • Social Industrius:Health management, workers rights, health care

Forms of Capital 

  • Natural->Fish
  • social->Relationships
  • financial ->Cash
  • human ->Skills
  • built->Schools

 

Ecological Economic 

How humans interact with their ecological life support system 

 

In nature one species waste is anothers food so no waste is produced, Our economy needs to recycle materials and use engery differently in order to sustain. 

 

makes natural capital a key consideration

Explain the 4 system conditions required to become a sustainable society

  1. Stop the increasing removal of substances (fossil fuels, heavy metals) from the earth
  2. Stop increasing the concentration of substances (Plastics) being produced 
  3. Stop the physical degradation of nature (deforesting)
  4. Stop conditions that undermine a persons capacity to meet their needs (unsafe work enviorment)

 

Explain human dimenesions

study of people and natural resources
Explain cognitive heirarchy

Value –>Beliefs –> Attitudes/Norms –> Behavior

 

 

goes from trancend situations that are fewer in number to numerous, faster to change, specific to situation 

Define Value
Judgement of what is important in a social interaction
Egotistic and effects on enviorment

Social power, wealth, power, influence

 

Consider the costs/benefits for self

Altruistic and impact on enviorment

Equality, peace, social justice, helpful

 

Consider cost/benefit of other people

Biospheric

Respecting the earth, unity with nature

 

considers cost/benefits of ecosystem 

Belief

an expectation 

ex) freedom 

Norms

standards of appropriate and inappropriate behavior in a cultural context. Norms are functional because they reduce the number of choices people have to make about how to behave

 

can also be attitudes 

ex)taxes 

Behavior
subconsous actions done out of habit
Why is social science important
if we can alter attitudes and norms we can change behavior
Enviormental Ethics
philosophy that guide actions about the enviorment
Stakeholders
people with interest or position in a conflict
Interest
what you want
position
how you want to go about getting what you want
Property

Ownership, can sell, rent, destroy

 

prevent others from doing these things

Property regimes

state/gov owned

ex)Highways

privately owned

ex)House

publicly owned 

ex)community garden 

what kind of goods are not easily excludible

Public goods (the common)

ex) the sunset, knowledge, air

 

The common pool resources

ex)fisheries, oil reserves

What kind of goods are subtractable

The common pool resources

 

Private goods 

ex) cattle 

What goods are easily excludable

Toll/club goods

ex)day care 

 

Private goods

how to calculate risk
probability of harm x probability of exposure

 

Allergens

  • Create immunilogical response from something that isnt harmful 

 

Neurotoxins

  • attack nerve cells (neurons) disrupting or altering is actions 
      • ex) DDT, annesthetics 

 

Mutagens

  • Impact DNA 
    • (can lead to birth defects or tumors)
      • ex) UV rays, no safe thresholds, extremely risky 

 

Teratogens 

  • Impact embryo growth
    • (usually) only risk to females
      • ex)alcohol 

 

Carcinogen 

  • Uncontrolled replication of cells
      • ex)smoking

 

Endocrine Hormone Disrupters

  • Impact sex hormones
      • ex) male bass laying eggs

 

What are 4 critical factors that impact the risk of toxins 

  1. Solubility
    • Water soluable flow in and out of cells, fat soluable are stored in lipid molecules making them hard to secrete 
  2. Exposure
    • What is the medium (eaten? drank?), timing (child vs adult), Gended
  1. Movement in organisms
    • Bioaccumulation: magnification
    • Biomagnification:
  1. Persistance