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audience or attendees participate by singing and dancing
to perceive and appreciate a work of art we need distance.
First Theatre presentation
have emotional baggage like daddy issues…etc..
A Crucial Element of the Theatre experience
Becoming part of a group
Becoming part of a group is a crucial element of the theatre experience. For a time we share a common undertaking, focused one activity—we sense an intangible communion with those around us. AFFIRMATION OF A GROUP
abrupt movements from the present to the past and back again, are a familiar technique in films such as “Babel, The Departed”….
principal character in a play the one whom the drama is about
opponent of the protagonist in a drama
basic dramatic forms reappearing; plot begins late in the story; scenes, locales, & characteristics are limited; construction is TIGHT
People places and events proliferate; there may be a PARALLEL PLOT or SUB-PLOT; Juxtaposition & contrast occur
calls for settings that look “Very Much” like their counterparts in real life
the designer can give free rein to imagination
one that resembles observable reality; representing a real human
everything that “DOES NOT” conform to our observations of surface reality;;unreal figures; events that don’t take place in real life
narrative accounts of what people do (a full account of an event; told in CHRONOLOGICAL order)
is the arrangement or structure of events or the selection and order of scenes in a play
builds from one crisis to another; the final and MOST SIGNIFICANT crisis
as a result of conflicts, obstacles, and complications in a play; the characters becomes involved in a series of crisis
a single, temporary desire or goal that arises in a character within a scene. (Also called “Intention”.)
that which DELAYS or PREVENTS the achieving of a GOAL by a character; obstacle creates: complication & conflict
outside forces or new twist in the plot introduced at an opportune moment.
(ACTION PROLONGED an TENSION INCREASED)
crying, An action or strategy carefully planned to achieve a specific end
director tells cast (by certain date) they must memorize their lines and can no longer use their scripts in rehearsal
when a PERFORMER plays more than one role in a play
theatrical events in everyday life – weddings, funerals, graduations, inaugurations
ceremonies and presentations as the Abydos and Mayan ritual dramas; generally include many theatrical components, including costumes, performance roles, and dance, which help to tell a story
comes from the word “property” ; an object that’s not permanent
(Deciding when and where performers move and position themselves on the stage)
THROWING the VOICE into the audience so that it penetrates to the uttermost reaches of the theatre.
Any prearranged signal-such as the last words in a speech, a piece of business or any action or lighting change-that indicates to a performer or stage manager that it is time to proceed to the next line or action. (like a doorbell) (lighting changes)
A dramatic speech, revealing inner thoughts and feelings, spoken aloud by one character while alone on the stage.
They are aimed at a specfic area of the stage
created in a costume shop under the direction of the shop supervisor, who works closely with a costume designer in much the same way (the technical director and scene designer work together)
when costumes are rented and the designer goes to a costume house or storeroom and selects outfits that are appropriate for the production.
Elements a costume designer works with
1) line, shape, and silhouette 2) color 3) fabric 4) accessories
tell actors how to move and speak; are in parentheses ( ) or in italics. They can also tell you where the play is taking place or give information about how to make the stage look to set the scene.
the part of the stage on the actor’s left as the actor faces the audience
the part of the stage on the actor’s right as the actor faces the audience
The area/part of the stage “closest” to the audience
The area of the performance space that is “farthest” away from the audience.
the name of the oldest professional theatre in New York City; REFERS specifically to plays performed in the large theatres in the district near “Times Square”.
500+ seats; begin in the 1920’s to the 1950’s
The New York professional theatre located outside the Broadway district; principally in Greenwich Village and around the Upper East and West Sides. Developed in the 50’s when it was considered highly experimental, the off-Broadway theatre is now more of a scaled-down version of the Broadway theatre, featuring musicals and commercial revivals as much as (or more than) original works.
derives from controlling idea, vision, or point of view that the director feels is appropriate to the play.
the SLANT of an auditorium or stage floor , a slanted stage, where upstage is slightly higher than downstage
space above the stage where scenery may be lifted out of sight by ropes and pulleys
Torelli’s system also allowed side pieces. SIDE PIECES to be moved into and out of the stage picture.
are general roles recognized by society: father, mother, child, police officer, store clerk, and so on
develop with our family and friends. (ex.) some people become braggarts, boasting of their (sometimes imaginary) feats or accomplishments.
meaning and movement of a play below its surface; that which is NOT stated but IMPLIED
is a repetition or reenactment of a proceeding or transaction that has acquired special meaning.
speaks directly to the audience
is the use of motivated or environmental sounds , the use of motivated or environmental sounds
acting exercise/technique which requires the performer to ask, “How would I react ‘IF” I were in this character’s postion , techniques that make you feel for a character, a technique pioneered by Stanislavsky for developing empathy with a character.
it involves searching for the answers to the question “What would I do if I were this character in these circumstances?”.
Magic “IF” allows actors to find similarities between themselves and a character and to explore the intimate emotions and thoughts that result
Strasberg particularly emphasized a technique that Stanislavsky in his earlier writings
technique used by Stanislavski by which actors relate to their character’s emotions by recalling similar emotions from their own personal experience.
the casting of roles in a play by choosing actors who most closely resemble the physical and personality descriptions of the characters.
a performer who closely resembles in real life the character to be enacted.
“auteur” means author. Vsevolod Meyerhold (1874-1940) term used to describe certain film directors who were said to be the REAL AUTHORS of the films they made. When the director CONTROLS every element of the script
broke protocol Isben and Strindberg started this and they included sex
The week also called hell week in which the set, the costumes, the props, etc. are introduces to the characters.
Its also the week before the performance.
Background information presented in a literary work.
(usually consisting of 15 fifteen performers) who in song and dance commented on the action of the main plot and reacted to events in the story.
An American songwriter and entertainer of the early twentieth century, known for such rousing songs as “Over There,” “Yankee Doodle Dandy,” and “You’re a Grand Old Flag.”
Large Puppet that actors used as a real horse. Production which originated at the National Theatre in London.
-London play about boy named Albert during WWI and his horse Joe
Proscenium, Arena, Thrust, Black Box, Found Space
picture frame stage
stage with three (3) quarters seatings
Created and found space
anywhere to put on a play
Type of performance space that is small, created out of a room, painted all black. also ‘ALL PURPOSE”
ALL PURPOSE and all four can be created from this stage (proscenium, arena, thrust, and found space)
Types of Theatre
environmental, multimedia, poor, musicals, book, opera, operetta, revue, minstrel show, traditional tragedy, comedy, melodrama, realism, naturalism, avante-garde, comedy of manners
Milestone Productions in musical theatre
Showboat, Fiddler on the Roof, and their significance
George and Ira Gershwin
(Of Thee I Sing)
(Porgy and Bess); book by DuBose Heyward
(Show Boat) music by Kern
Roles of the director
Creative person; he/she with the support of the stage manager, rehearses the performers and coordinates their work with that of others, such as designers, to make certain the event is performed appropriately, intelligently, and excitingly.
German word for “dramatic adviser” and/or literary manager
Coordinates elements; behind-the-scenes counterpart to the director; person who puts the production together
Scene designers, Stage Costumes, Lighting and Sound
Creates the visual world in which a play unfolds; together with the playwright and the director the scene designer determines whether a scene is realistic or in the realm of fantasy.
Objectives of Scene Design
1.) Creating an environment for the performers and for the performance 2.) Helping to set the mood and style of the production3.) Helping to distinguish realistic from nonrealistic theatre4.) Establishing the locale and period in which the play takes place.5.
) Evolving a design concept in concert with the director and other designers.6.) Where appropriate, providing a central image or visual metaphor for the production.
7.) Ensuring that the scenery is coordinated with other production elements.8.) Solving practical problems
loosely defined, is someone who observes theatre and then analyzes and comments on it. A highly sensitive audience member.
A person who writes plays
The person in charge of the overall creative vision or goal of the ensemble; often chooses which plays to produce, who will direct, and who will design; is also an ambassador to the community, a fundraiser, and the theatre’s chief promoter.
Heroes and heroines from most important dramatic works of the past a. Kings b.
Queens c. Military officials
1. Replace kings and queens 2. Typical or ordinary 3. Embody an entire group a. Willy Loman (all salesmen) b. Nora Helmer (all oppressed women) 4.
Not an extreme like worst or best
Stock Characters 1. Not fully rounded 2. Exemplify one particular characteristic to exclusion of everything else 3. Known by a. Station in life b. Sex c.
Occupation and personality (e.g. “lazy servent;” “absent-minded professor)
Most famous examples in commedia dell’arte a. 16th and 17th century Italy b. No script; just scenario c. Characters divided into servants or ruling class
1. Closely related to stock characters 2. Name often suggests personality a.
Mr. Pinchwife in The Country Wife (a man who holds onto his wife)
1. Unlike stock characters, appear only briefly 2.
Purpose is to further story or support important characters
Narrator or chorus
1. Special type of character 2. Narrator usually speaks to audience
1. Aristophanes a. Birds b. Frogs
.Illusion may be initiated by the creators of theatre but it is completed by the audience
came from “SONG DRAMAS”
vaudeville, singing and dancing; girlie shows, drama sketches that made fun of other theatrical forms.
drama set entirely to music
NOT entirely set to music; certain portions are spoken by performers, as in a regular drama
form of musical entertainment which emerged in the United States in the 1920’s, and which feature light, comic story interspersed with popular music
operetta, vaudeville, and burlesque
variety of arts—music, sketches, juggling, animal acts
book of a musical
1920’s-1930’s; opened in 1927; Music by (Jerome Kern) and the book and lyrics were by (Oscar Hammerstein)
based on a novel by Edna Ferber about life on a Mississippi riverboat.
Ole Man River
song from Show Boat; “Why do I love You?”
milestone for the American musical
black community in Charleston, SC
Rodgers and Hart
“On Your Toes”
1940’s – 1950’s; 1943 musical opened that was to herald the golden age of American book musicals.
Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II.
Fiddler on the Roof
opened in 1964; 1960’s-1980’s;
Fiddler on the Roof
marked the end of the golden era of book musicals
Four current musical trends
( Annie get your gun; Chicago)Offbeat Musicals: ex. (Rent)Musical based on films ex. (The Producers Hairspray)Music made from former popular stars and groups: ex. Mamma Mia
help establish the style of productionindicate the historical period and localeindicate the natureshow relationship among characterssymbolically convey the significancemeet the needs of individual performersbe consistent with the production as a whole