Veterinarians are doctors who play a major role in the health care of pets, and livestock. They use their skill to help prevent disease carried by animals, and conduct research on human and animal health problems. Most veterinarians work in a private practice and mainly treat small animals such as dogs, cats, birds, and rabbits. Some veterinarians, however don’t like to work in small practices, so they work in mixed practice. In mixed practices veterinarians treat bigger animals suck as pigs, goats, and sheep.
There are also some veterinarians that work in clinical practice. There veterinarians don’t usually work with animals directly; however, they diagnose animal health problems, vaccinate against disease such as distemper, and rabies, and the also dress wounds, set fractures, perform surgery, and advise owners about feeding and breeding their animal (Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia cd-rom). Veterinarians contribute to human health as well as animal health. Some veterinarians work with physicians and scientists to research ways to prevent and treat human health problems.
These problems/diseases consist of cancer, AIDS, and alcohol or drug abuse. Veterinarians who are livestock inspectors go around to farms, and check animals for transmitted disease, advise owners on treatment, and quarantine animals. Veterinarians are also product inspectors. Their role is to examine slaughtering and processing plants to make sure that the carcasses don’t have any disease. They also enforce government regulations regarding food purity and sanitation. Veterinarians tend to work long hours. They usually spend 50 hours or more on the job each week.
Veterinarians that work in a group practice take turns with shifts and, therefore, they don’t work as many hours as private practice veterinarians. Private and solo practice veterinarians work extended hours and on weekends. They must respond to emergencies and squeeze in unexpected appointments. Vets must graduate from a 4-year program at an accredited college of veterinary medicine with a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree to obtain a license. There are 27 colleges in 28 states that meet the standards set by the Council of Education of the Veterinary Medical Association.
Most of the veterinarian colleges do not require a bachelors’ degree, however, all of them do require a number of credit hours at an undergraduate college. Most hours range from 45 to 90 semester hours. Most Veterinary colleges require some courses, such as English or Literature, social sciences, and humanities. The vet colleges will consider applicant who have a minimum GPA. The required GPA is from a low of 2. 5 to a high of 3. 2, based on the maximum of a 4. 0. Students who receive offers of admission usually have a GPA of 3. 0 or greater.
In addition students must submit test scores from the Graduate Record Examination, the Veterinary College Admissions Class, or the Medical College Admission Test. The test that a student sends in depends on the preference of each college. While in college students will receive academic instruction and are exposed to clinical procedures such as diagnosing and treating animal disease and performing energy. The students also do work in anatomy, biochemistry, and other scientific subjects. They also work in Laboratories (occupational Handbook).