The rise andfall of the Roman Republic is quite simple.
In early republic, social division determined the shape of politics. Politicalpowers were in the hands of a hereditary aristocracy the patricianswhose privileged legal stated was determined by their birth members of certain families. The romanscreated several assemblies through which men elected high officials and passedordinances. Four people each had a part in fall of the roman republic Marius,Sulla, Julius Caesar, andAugustus.
Gaius Marius was a reformer from ca.157-86 B.C.E that recruited landless men into the army to put downa rebel king in Africa. He made promises of land for them to do service. Once he was victorious,the senates refused to honor his promise. Rome was divided into two political fractions, bothwanted political power.
Marius was a statesman, general. He had something to do with consulwhich happened 107 bce and 104-101, 86. He dispute with Sulla fled to Africa in88 bce. And in the finalconsulship was in 86 bce.
Sulla Ruler between 138-78 BCE gained power inRome the Senate made him dictator and official officein the Roman Republic given to a man who was granted to step down after six months. Sullaheld his position for nine years and after that it was too late to restore the republicanconstitution. Sulla’s abuse of political office became the blueprint for laterleaders. The history ofthe late republic is the story of the power struggles among famous Romanfigures against abackground of unrest at home and military campaigns aboard. He marched against Rome between88-83 bce. He defeated Mithradates in Greece, named Dictor when he took Rome in 83 bce. Heretired in 81 BCE at the end of his term. JuliusCeasar rulers between 100-44 B.
C.E marched on Rome in 49 B.C.E. He also took victory over Pompeyand lover affair me Cleopatra.
Ceaser’s Problem was ruling Rome without violating thetraditions of the republic hatred of the monarchy before him. Caesar was widely popular to mostpeople in Rome but some senators opposed his rise to what was becoming absolute power. Hewas a general pupil of Marius. He was kind of responsible for the war in Gaul between58-50 bce. Between 60-53 bce it was the firsttriumvirate with pompey, Crassus. Caesar was madea dictator for life for resorting the republic. Julius had a calendar and assassinatedMarch 15, 44 bce.
OctavianAugustus between 63bce- 14 c.e joined with two of Casers followers. Marc Anthony andLepidus in the second Triumvirate. When he was done, defeating Casers murders they had afalling out. Octavian forced Lepidus out of office and waged war againstAnthony who had now alsobecome allied with Cleopatra. Octavian defeated and got Rome back in 31 bce and with thecombined forces of Anthony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Atrium in Greece.
His Victory endedthe age of civil war. The Senate did not mean this to be a decisive break.After Augustus endedthe civil wars he faced the monumental problems of reconstruction. He had to rebuildeffective government pay his army for its services care for the welfare of providence. Democracyto me does seem to me is doom to failure. As we see so many people reign ended due tothem becoming dictators.
I feel like the people didn’t like being ruled thatway. And some evenwent as far as assassinating their dictator. The way you treat people overalldoes affect the waythey act towards you. Like my mom always said to treat people like you want to be treated.