When Jack London wrote “To Build a Fire” he embraced the idea of naturalism because it mirrored the events of daily life Naturalism displayed how humans had to be cautious at every corner because at anytime death could be there, waiting for them to make a mistake and forfeit their lives He used naturalism, the most realistic literary movement, to show how violent t and uncaring nature really is and how no matter what you do nature will always b e there.London also presented the basic idea of Darwinism and the survival of the fittest, basis calla if you are not smart enough you will die Collectively, London used naturalism to show how in life, humans can depend on nothing but themselves in order to survive .
“To Build a Fire” is a short story that embodies the idea of naturalism and how, if one is not careful, nature will gag n the upper hand and they will perish When the main character was introduced into the story, the old man, made CLC ear to the man that he should not travel alone if the weather had a temperature of fifty below zero .The old also made clear that the man was in a perilous situation involving the element The man faced a weather that was seventeen degrees below zero and he was not mentally or physically Campus 2 prepared to survive The man’s first mistake was to step into a pool of water and soak his legs to the knees This mistake forced the man to build a fire to dry his wet socks and shoes so his feet would not freeze and become frostbitten When the man began to build a fire he failed to notice that he was doing so under a large, snow laden spruce tree where he was get inning his firewood .When the man had a small fire that was beginning to slowly burn the disturbs once to the tree caused the snow to tumble to the ground and turned of the fire .
It was his own fault or, rather, his mistake He should not have built the fire under the spruce tree . He should have built it in the open That minor detail of the critical placement of the fire ultimately cost the man his life .The third mistake the man made was that he removed his gloves for an extended period and his hands became completely numb When the man was trying desperately to relight the fire he removed is gloves and lost all feeling in his hands If he had remained calm and thought about his situation he might have had a chance to survive Nature showed no mercy when the man attempted to relight the fire using only his palms, and he failed .If the man had brought along a companion for the journey like the old man in the town had suggested he woo old still be alive . However, his stubbornness would not submit to that . Instead the man brought a wolf dog to keep him company The only thing that the dog was good for was as an outlet for the man’s jealous sly when he realized all the mistakes he had made Naturalism used the environment to show how aggressive and careless the w oral can be .In the opening scene of “To Build a Fire” London used a simple description of the Yukon to Campus 3 show how unproductive the wild is The idea that the Yukon is a desolate wasteland full of little more than ice and snow is the perfect example of how dangerous nature can be when it’s power is unleashed The man obviously paid no attention to the ferocious that nature could exhibit it at any given time. Another example Of nature being hostile is the dog .
The only thing the dog comprehends is that the man is a fire maker who drives the cold away .If the main character in the story did not help to keep the dog warm by building a fire, the dog would have left him a long time ago The dog also feared the man because the man was never kind to him; he only y yelled and cursed at the wild dog Naturalism in “To Build a Fire” used the Darwinist idea of survival of the fitted SST to reveal that no matter what the environment IS, if you are not careful about the e decisions make you will die When the man decided to brave the perils of the Yukon he was not smart enough to take a partner with him in case something happened to him .His only thoughts were of eating back to camp before it became dark outside . He did not follow his instinct when he was crossing the frozen wasteland, but plowed ahead recklessly with abandon . The man was destined to die from the start of the story He did not pay attention to the weather, or to the advice Of a man familiar with the territory and therefore sealed his fate .
The man also failed his sun. ‘vial test when he began to panic as the second fire extinguished . He seemed as though he had lost all knowledge of his survival skills He thought about killing the dog and wallowing in its steaming insides for refuge from the coldWhen the man realized that the dog would not let him come Campus 4 near he was forced to concoct another plan His idea was that if he ran all the way to the camp, he would be able to survive Unfortunately, that plan failed as well and the man perished in the cold, numbing snow of the Yukon Overall, naturalism is the most realistic literary movement . It parallels life more than any other movement because it reveals the fact that nature has not heart and no emotions.