Unit 1 Sustainability

environment
all living and non living things we interact with
environmental science
study of humnaity’s relationship with earth’s nonliving and living things
sustainability
ability of the earth’s natural, human, and economic systems to survive and adept to changing environmental conditions
environmental wisdom
understanding how nature works and sustains itself
renewable resources
things that replenish rapidly
non-renewable resources
things that do not regenerate quickly
natural capital
capital that occurs naturally to keep us alive and support our economy
solar capital
resources gained directly from the sun
atmosphere
the gaseous envelope surrounding the earth
hydrosphere
the water on or surrounding earth’s surface
geosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle
biosphere
the part of the earth’s crust, waters, and atmosphere that supports life
troposphere
layer of earth’s atmosphere 11 miles above sea level which contains the majority of the planet’s air that we breathe, also contains greenhouse gases and almost all weather occurs
stratosphere
layer of the atmosphere 11-31 miles above sea level which contains the ozone layer and allows life to exist on land and in bodies of water
biome
A major regional or global biotic community, such as a grassland or desert, characterized chiefly by the dominant forms of plant life and the prevailing climate.
solar energy
energy derived from the sun in the form of solar radiation
electromagnetic radiation
radiation consisting of electromagnetic waves
natural greenhouse effect
earth’s natural tendency to trap in energy that has reached the earth’s surface
lithosphere
solid crust and upper mantle that contains non renewable fossil fuels and minerals we use as well as renewable soil chemicals that organisms need to live