Unit 5

 

94- Density

Density is the state or quality of being dense.

 

Sentence: A measure of the compactness of a substance.

 

Ex 1: oil

Ex 2: water

95. Surface Currents
Surface Currents are the water at the ocean surface is moved primarily by winds that blow in certain patterns because of the Earth’s spin and the Coriolis Effect. 

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Sentence: Surface Currents are the water at the ocean surface is moved by winds.

Ex 1: Gulf stream

Ex 2: Wind

96. Upwelling
Upwelling is an act or an instance of welling up.

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Sentence: An instance of welling up.

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Ex 1: Upwelling around Galapagos Islands

Ex 2: Upwelling around Seychelles Islands

97. Coriolis Effect
Coriolis Effect is the deflection of a body in motion with respect of the earth ,also seen as a observer to the earth.

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Sentence: Coriolis effect is also seen as a observer to the earth.

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Ex 1: mass of water

Ex 2: air

98. Deep Ocean Current
A deep ocean current is any continous direct movement of ocean water that flows in one of the Earth’s ocean.

 

Sentence: Any continous movement of ocean water that flows in one of the Earth’s ocean.

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Ex 1: ocean basin

Ex 2: thermohaline circulation

99. Water Cycle
The water cycle of a process of water by water circulates between the earth’s oceans, atmosphere, and land.

 

Sentence: A process of water by water circulating.

 

Ex 1: Evaporation

Ex 2: Precipitation

99. Water Cycle
The water cycle of a process of water by water circulates between the earth’s oceans, atmosphere, and land.

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Sentence: A process of water by water circulating.

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Ex 1: Evaporation

Ex 2: Precipitation

100. Ground Water
Ground Water is the water undergorund.

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Sentence: Water that is underground.

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Ex 1: lakes

Ex 2: streams

101. Surface Water
Surface Water is the water that appears on the surface.

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Sentence: Surface water is water on the surface.

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Ex 1: lakes

Ex 2: streams

102. Groundwater labeling
Groundwater labeling is labeling the water underground from unsaturated and saturated.

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Sentence: Labeling the water underground.

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Ex 1: unsaturated

Ex 2: saturated

103. Wells
Wells are a shaft sunk into the ground to obtain water, oil, or gas.

 

Sentence: Wells are mainly to contain water from the ground.

 

Ex 1: a shaft

Ex 2: water

104. Aquifer Depletion
Aquifer Depletion is a term often defined as long-term water-level declines caused by sustained groundwater pumping.

 

Sentence: aquifer depletion is caused by sustained groundwater pumping.

 

Ex 1: drying up of wells

Ex 2: land subsidence

105. Salt Water Intrusion
Salt Water Intrusion is the movement of saline water into freshwater aquifers, which can lead to contamination of drinking water sources and other consequences. 

 

Sentence: Salt Water Intrusion can lead to contaimination of drinking water sources and other consequences.

Ex 1: freshwater aquifers

Ex 2: coastal aquifers

106. Dam
A dam is a barrier constructed to hold back water and raise its level, the resulting reservoir being used in the generation of electricity or as a water supply.

 

Sentence: A dam is a barrier that is constructed to hold back water.

Ex 1: Grand Coulee Dam

Ex 2: New Melones Dam 

107. Dam Removal
Dam removal is the removal of a dam.

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Sentence: The removal of a dam.

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Ex 1: Memorial Park Dam

Ex 2: San Clemente Dam

108. Agriculture effect on freshwater
Due to the poor mangement of water and irrigation the run off from fields to adjacent rivers, wetlands and lakes. The water is getting polluted with soil sediments, salts, and fertilizers.

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Sentence: The water is getting polluted with soil sediments, salts, and fertilizers.

Ex 1: salt

Ex 2: fertilizers

109. Recreational effect on freshwater
We are affecting the animals habitats by too much human activity and by fishing.

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Sentence: We are affecting wildlife by too much human activity.

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Ex 1: fishing

Ex 2: human activity

110. Non-point source pollution
Non-point source pollution is caused by rainfall or snowmelt moving over and through the ground.

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Sentence: Non point source pollution is caused by rainfall or snowmelt.

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Ex 1: litering

Ex 2: rainfall

111. Point Source Pollution
Point Source Pollution on the most basic level, is water pollution that comes from a single, discrete place, typically a pipe.

 

Sentence: Point Source Pollution is water pollution that comes from one single place.

 

Ex 1: a pipe

Ex 2: smoke

112. Primary waste water treatment
Primary waste water treatment consists of temporarily holding the sewage in a quiescent basin where heavy solids can settle to the bottom while oil, grease and lighter solids float to the surface. 

Sentence:  Primary waste water treatment consists of temporarily holding the sewage in a quiescent basin where heavy solids can settle to the bottom while oil.

Ex 1: oil

Ex 2: grease

113. Secondary waste water treatment
Secondary waste water treatment is a treatment process for wastewater to achieve a certain degree of effluent quality by using a sewage treatment plant with physical phase separation.

Sentence: Secondary waste water treatment is a treatment process for wastewater to achieve a certain degree of effluent

Ex 1: Suspended solids

Ex 2: Nutrients

114. Teritary waste water treatment
Teritary waste water treatment is the final cleaning process that improves wastewater quality before it is reused, recycled or discharged to the environment.

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Sentence: A process that happens before it’s reused, recycled, or discharged to the enviroment.

Ex 1: reuse

Ex 2: recycled

115. Sludge
Sludge is a thick, soft, wet mud or a similar viscous mixture of liquid and solid components, especially the product of an industrial or refining process.

 

Sentence: Sludge is a thick, soft, wet mud.

 

Ex 1: dirty oil

Ex 2: wet mud