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Transpiration is howwater is carried through the plants from the roots. The stomata on the underside of leavesallows water to escape into the air. Factors that affect transpiration include temperature,humidity, wind, soil moisture, and type of plant.
is how much water the plant absorbs and uses.
is when precipitation travels over the soil surface to the nearest streamchannel. When rain hits saturated or impervious ground, it will flow downhill. It isaffected by topographic, geographic, and geologic factors.
Snowmelt runoff to streams
is when snow and ice melt into surface water and moveacross the soil surface into streams.
is the movement of water in a natural channel such as a river. The amountof water flowing in the stream is affected by the watershed’s surface runoff, springs, andgroundwater discharge.
is the downward movement of water from the land surface into the soil orporous rock.
Ground water begins as precipitation. Once water infiltrates the soil it canmove vertically and horizontally through the soil.
is the water that exists for long periods below the Earth’ssurface.
is the movement of water out of the ground
is an example of a groundwater discharge.
It is usually formed when the side ofa hill, a valley bottom, or other excavation intersects at or below the local water table,below which the substrate is saturated. It is most prevalent in limestone and dolomite,which fracture easily and can be dissolved by rainfall.
includes wetlands, lakes, ponds, and large rivers that holdfreshwater.
Water Storage in the Atmosphere
Water is stored as vapor such as clouds andhumidity. The atmosphere is full of water. It is the superhighway used to move wateraround the globe. However, it is a poor storage area holding only .001% of the Earth’swater.
An evaporated water molecule spends an average of 10 days in the atmosphere