Literature provides the opportunity for authors to use words to describe a story, whether true or fiction. The reader is provided details to have an imaginary movie playing out in their mind while reading the story. The reader is connected with the characters, the environment, and the emotion experienced during the story. In this essay, I will be utilizing the formalist approach to review a story and further explore literature. The formalist approach is used to analyze a stories development and its form.
I ill review many question outlined in my academic materials by Glutton, such as “what makes the setting so memorable in the story, why was the plot intriguing and did surprise occur, how were the characters described, developed? Was figurative language used to create a mood, to reveal theme and what point of view was used during the story? In what ways do literary conventions and forms contribute to its appeal? ” (Glutton, 2010). In reading the Chopping “The Story of an Hour” (Chopin, 1894), the author utilized the third person point of view with a narrator.
The setting that made this story or memorable was that Mrs… Mallard was Just informed that her husband had died. Since she had a heart condition, they approached the delivery of the tragic news with extreme caution. Her sister delivered the news and Mrs… Mallard was dealing with the emotional pain from losing him. She locked herself in her room and could not stop crying. This plot was intriguing as it described a common theme that we can all relate to, death. The topic is relatable since most of us (at one point or another) have dealt with the loss of a loved one and the sadness experienced during this time.
However, there was a surprise in the story that really captivated my attention and interest. As expected, Mrs… Mallard experienced an overwhelming amount of emotional pain; she also cried and felt really sad he was gone. The unexpected turning point was when she realized that his passing was actually a benefit for her, as this meant that she was now free. The realization of this newfound freedom, led Mrs… Mallard to experience a profound amount of happiness and confusion. She struggled with the fact that she was happy she was free, and questioned if she ever loved her husband.
Another unexpected twist that occurred during the story was the arrival of Mr… Mallard, proving that he was not dead, and the shock and disappointment in seeing him arrive that Mrs… Mallard dies. In this story, Mrs… Mallard was described as a strong, sensitive, young married woman, who felt restricted by marriage, and she also had heart disease. She was experiencing an emotional hardship due to the death of her husband, but things unexpected transformation. Mrs… Mallard experienced a reallocate of emotions during the story.
First she was devastated from the sad news, and then she felt a erroneous amount of Joy which led to confusion and questions, later shock and disappointment that caused her death. Mrs… Mallard evolved and transformed by the author starting as a sad wife who lost her husband that transformed into an excited widow who is free from marriage and her controlling husband. The author describes an internal war Mrs… Mallard experienced with her sadness and Joy to be free from being controlled from her husband. The author describes the young wife as being overjoyed with the realization of her found freedom. It is suggested that Mr… ND Mrs… Mallard have been married for ears and her husband has controlled the majority of the decisions during the entire marriage. This story takes place during the nineteenth century where the norms in society is limited ability for woman to make their own choices, and men control the majority of their wife’s life. The theme of the story is freedom, the freedom Mrs… Mallard did not have, gained when she found out her husband had been killed, and quickly lost when her husband arrived home. Marriage also seems to be part of a theme, the author mentioned that Mr… Mallard was a kind and loving husband, never mentioned Mrs…
Mallard was treated badly, but instead is implying that marriage in general, takes away one’s freedom. Chopping work contains strong use of imagery, symbolism, humor and irony. In one example, the author states, “There were patches of blue sky showing here and there through the clouds that had met and piled one above the other in the west facing her window’, (Chapter 2, Section 2). The blue sky is symbolizing freedom that Mrs… Mallard has gained through the death of her husband. Light was able to shine through all the clouds that once blocked the sunshine, symbolizing the silver lining in ere husbands death.
In addition, freedom was also symbolized through the death of Mrs… Mallard. As Dietrich stated, “Thus, her death represents the futility of her freedom” (2012). Although Mrs… Mallard died, she received the ultimate freedom, from her husband, her marriage, and from society. Reference page: Glutton, R. W. (2010). Journey into literature: The Story of an Hour. San Diego, California: Bridgeport Education, Inc. Dietrich, N. (2012). Sharing Chopin: Teaching ‘The Story of an Hour’ to Specialized Populations. Arkansas Review, 43(2), 116-120.