Hamlet possesses some of these quail ties such as inventiveness and manipulatively as he is seen feigning his father’s death t o the point of insanity. Machiavelli states, ” Everyone sees what you appear to be, few experience what you really are” (Machiavelli, 47). This saying is illustrated by Hamlet as he puts on a show and acts to be mad when in reality, he is not. Hamlet acts as if he is still mourning the ass of his father after two months of his passing, Gertrude questions “Why seems it so particular AR with thee? ” Hamlet responds: “Seems, madam? Nay, it is, I know not ‘seems” (1. 2. 7576).
S suspicion creeps into to the mind of the those around him, and they confront him about it. He covers his tracks by saying that he does not seem this way, rather he is in this current state. However, he also retains Cortes, Vogel 2 qualities that Machiavelli would have deemed as flaws in a ruler. He falls shore t in his appearance by this because he incurs confusion with reality and the facade he is undertake ins. This ends up being one of his worst enemies. He is in opposition of one of Machiavellian poi ants which states hat a prince should not let their emotions get in the way when making rash c hoicks on behalf of the kingdom.
He Split between personal morals and willfulness, he battles be teen inaction and action. His battle proves to be detrimental at times due to the missed purport unity of ending Claudia swiftly and effortlessly, “Now I might do it. Now he is praying/ And now I’ll dot (Shakespeare 3. 3. 7475). Moments after he said that, he has a change of heart, missing a perfect opportunity, “To take him in the purging of his soul/ When he is fit and seasoned for his passage? ‘ No”(3. 3. 8688). Thinking he will get an even better moment and using this as a excuse to feel peace at mind, he stashes his sword, “Up,sword, and know too AU more horrid went” (3. 89). His idling in this is situation deems him unworthy in affirming a position of power in Machiavellian eyes. He appears to be weak to him because he goes a against his belief that “it will always be more advantageous for you to declare yourself'(Mach veil, 34). On the contrary, a prince should be strong in declaring himself and be able to protect his kingdom “without national arms no princedom is safe” (Machiavelli 37). Hamlet cannot protect a kingdom and maintain power because he can not even establish who he is an d protect his heir to the throne.
Also, he would see him as a stooge rather than an intelligent figure e because of this, “The wise man does at once what a fool does finally’ (45). Due to the weakness sees Hamlet exhibits outnumbering the strengths, he would not have been a good leader. On the other hand, there is the king Claudia. He is the manipulative, scheme Eng politician. Claudia is an expert in hypocrisy and deception, compared to the RSI in Hamlet . Cortes, Vogel 3 Claudia is concealed behind his mask of justness, conferment and gentle as.
He pretends to care for his subjects, mourn for his late brother, and love for his stepson, Ha melt. Claudia does not let his conscience get in the way of his goal. His skill at deceiving the public c is quite remarkable; “Though yet of Hamlet our dear brother’s death The memory be green, and that it us befitted To bear our hearts in grief and our whole kingdom To be contracted in one brow of woe” (Hamlet 1 . 2. 14). Claudia proclaims his “grief” for the brother that he murdered. His appearance e is never his reality. The theme appearance vs.. Reality is always present in Hamlet.
Although that theme influences Claudia, there is Machiavelli, who Claudia seems to have studied vigorously. Throughout Hamlet, Claudia proceeds to follow the rules set by Machiavelli in order to attain power. Machiavelli first rule is, “anyone who conquers such territories and wise Hess to hold on to them must… Extinguish the ruling family… Thus in short time they will become one with the conqueror’s original possessions” (Machiavelli 34). Claudia succeeded in ERM Boning his brother ND inheriting the land, but he made the grave mistake of letting Hamlet stay with him.
Like every human, Claudia commits errors, which in the end, come back to bite hi m. Machiavelli continues by stating “in seizing a state, one ought to consider all the injuries he will… Inflict and inflict them all at once so as to avoid a frequent repetition of such acts” (49). L eating Hamlet live brings about Claudia’ death. Claudia failed to inflict all the necessary injuries s, proving that Machiavelli was correct in his teaching. Machiavelli held strongly to his belief t hat the support of Cortes, Vogel 4 he people is crucial due to “if the people hate him, a fortress will not save hi m… (47). It is shown in the following scene: Messenger : “Save yourself, my lord. The ocean, overpowering of his list, Eats not the flats with more impetuous haste Than young Alerter, in a riotous head, Robbers your officers. The rabble call him “lord” And-?as the world were now but to begin, Antiquity forgot, custom not known, The ratifies and props of every word They cry, “Choose we! Alerter shall be king! ” Caps, hands, and tongues applaud it to the clouds: “Alerter shall be king, Alerter king! ” (Hamlet 4. . 951 05). Claudia’ subjects are not pleased with him and are in a revolt against him.
H e strays from Machiavellian path once again and failing to gain support from the people, pro eves Machiavelli right when Fortifiers destroys Claudia’ fortress, taking over Denmark. Even though Claudia did have his fair share of errors, he did manage to have a powerful influence. He had Old Fortifiers stop Young Fortifiers in pursuing his ambitions to overtake Deem ark. Also, Claudia took the initiative to obtain a powerful alliance with the monarch of England. So much so that he asked him to execute Hamlet. All in all, Claudia used his infallible appearance e to obscure his dark reality.
The appearance gained him power, although the reality is what p revealed in the end. Cortes, Vogel 5 Compared to Hamlet, Claudia ultimately proves to be the better “prince”. Ha melt is too indecisive and rash to be in a position of leadership. Machiavelli would not ha eve deemed him worthy of a prince, but would have praised him on his ability of playing the pop Leticia game and manipulating others. Claudia may have had his shortcomings, but in the Mac rarity of his rule and appearance, he was the quintessential Machiavellian leader.