Seeking formal health care and mental health assistance is something that should be encouraged among individuals, especially when emotional and psychological problems arise. However, this favorable state is not always the situation. Earlier studies already illustrated the tendency of people to stay resist health care despite the existence of the need and being able to do so further entails a more arduous process (Kleinman, 1980).This reality is suggesting in a way that resorting to health assistance and professional medical services is not demanded by the need of the situation but it becomes a matter of the decision by the individual in a particular circumstance.
Such a statement makes it imperative to explore the different variables that make people choose one option over another. This could be a good basis to consider the proper approaches and methodologies to encourage people into making the right choice when it comes to their health care. Variables and Theories People go through emotional problems and difficult situations.It is expected that the people who experience mental and psychological problems should get proper assistance and professional advice. However, different people vary in the way they resolve their problems given that in this modern world, one can easily make a choice among a variety of alternatives. Some individuals can abstain from seeking help. There are people who are content with just talking it out to friends and relatives.
Some on the other hand choose the medical practitioners and are in great need of getting pharmacological treatments and prescription drugs.Others head directly to the mental health practitioner for therapies and sessions. To properly assess these attitudes and tendencies, there are certain factors that can be focused on. There are certain characteristics or dimensions inherent in a given individual that can be utilized as variables. The aspects used in determining the utilization of health care services by individuals include the demographic, social, attitudinal-belief and structural variables (Andersen & Newman, 1973). These are useful in ascertaining the tendency of a particular population in seeking assistance for their emotional needs.Age and sex are the most common and effective variables to indicate the relation between psychological problems and utilizing medical services and mental health assistance (Andersen & Newman, 1973).
Education and economic standing are also convincing predictors of health behaviour analysis (Sogaard et al.. , 2004). These shall be illustrated in the instances that will be further provided. The study implemented by Fishman, Grienstein and Eisikovits (n.
d. ) was able to lay down several variables that can assist in calculating the tendency of the population to seek help.This case focused particularly to the Israeli adolescents as sample. It has to be taken into account that the study involves a setting in a country where the political and social atmospheres are characterized differently compared to the Western countries (Fishman et al.
. , n. d. ). The study conducted a random sampling of the adolescents in the city. It had for its dependent variables the options among the students whether they will get formal aid like social workers and psychologists or choose informal sources such as family members, friends and peers when they experience any emotional dilemmas they confront (Fishman et al.., n.
d. ). To determine these dependent variables, the independent variables employed were demographic and personality aspects, concentrating on the nationality, gender and household income of the teenagers. These are determined through the questionnaires provided. The variables in determining how the behaviour among the teenage population will vary are employed to see any particular trends (Fishman et al. , n.
d. ). The conclusion of the study basically demonstrated how a small number of 14.3% of the population sample are only willing to resort to formal aid to resolve their problems. Furthermore, the female population has shown more tendency and readiness in seeking help, whether formal or informal compared to the male respondents (Fishman et al. , n. d. ).
This remarkable finding of low response among the adolescents seems to suggest that the teenage population standing alone is already indicative of a particular trend (Dubow et al. , 1990).At this point, the data and findings were able to support the earlier ideas posed that the adolescent population will always tend to seek help and assistance from informal sources, particularly their peers and colleagues (Dubow et al. , 1990). Going back to the finding that the females are more inclined and ready to access health care assistance, this highlights the gender variable. It focuses on the gender of the subjects who may or may not seek health care services and go to mental health facilities (Gilligan, 1982).Generally speaking, there is this usual notion that the male population is the stronger ones whereas the female population is the more nurturing type (Gilligan, 1982).
This statement is not meant to establish such as the fact that will hold in all cases. It just that earlier studies on gender differences have attributed certain behaviours due to this notion of disparity, that females are generally receptive to seeking assistance in contrast to males who avert such because it is against masculinity (Gilligan, 1982).This notion can be one basis to explain the different responses of the male and female population in the sample of study conducted in Israel.
Among the female respondents in the study conducted by Fishman, Grienstein and Eisikovits (n. d. ), they resort to seeking help because they have this fear of being victimized by circumstances.
Furthermore, the social and political environments also have played a big role in making the females aware of inequalities. Thereby, there is not much burden anymore in the act of seeking help (Corney, 1990).