Review organizational practices and policies regarding working in partnership age 7/8 Describe how differences in organizational practices and policies affect collaborative working Page 7/8 Task 3: Evaluate the partnership outcomes, at all levels, for service users, practitioners and organizations Analyses possible positive and negative outcomes in partnership working from a range of service users page 8/9 Analyses the potential impact of negative outcomes for practitioners and organizations if partnership breaks down page 9/10 Page 8/9 Devise strategies to reduce negative outcomes Task 1: Explain the concept of partnership in a range of health and social care services Partnership philosophies Working in partnership for me means working with a range of organizations that have a common goal Of improving good service to the lives Of those most vulnerable groups in society.
By working in partnership with partners from the public, private and third sectors organizations/care setting etc, partnerships in a range of different care services would ensure that a proactive way of doing things in regards to service users in a health and cares setting are adhered to, such as the policies and procedures that are practiced within the organizations. By investigating partnerships across a range of lath and social care sectors there firstly has to be an agreement made by the two parties involved that wish to start a business together e. G sharing the profits that would be made through the partnership. The three types of partnership working first is the Short term/temporary partnership e. G. Temporary foster care, second partnership is the Strategic alliance partnership e. G. Hat brings together the public, private, voluntary and community sectors within a particular area as to improve the quality of life for individuals it also for the public/ council to make strategic decisions in order o allow action to be made at a local level e. G. People within communities that may need support groups as to help individuals within a borough better their life’s, the council would make decision to provide these services and would find the funds/staff to support this services. And the third partnership is Merger/Full term partnership e. G. Social services working with the INS in finding full time accommodation for an elderly person who has been abandoned.
In order for inter-professional practice to work both parties (partnerships) and other agencies involved need to learn how to collaborate tit one another in order to provide the practical skills in which they obtain within the partnership that would provide an overview for partnership working and why it happens e. G. Looking at the skills involved in supporting partnership activities and understanding development strategies within the organization which looks at how the accessing of different resources can be maintain through good performance of the partnership. Also it is important through the partnership that each party involved are aware of their rights, roles and responsibilities e. G. Each member must conduct themselves in relation to the running of the business.
Partnership is not only about having meetings or being a member of a multi-professional team it is about working effectively which should be a common desire for each individual involved to provide better outcomes for service user e. G. Working openly, sharing equal responsibilities and making decisions through equal agreement. Relevant legislation affecting partnership working According to the Children Act of 1 989 / 2004 co-operation in improving well being has become part of the legislation to ensure that local authorities have a general duty to protect and promote the welfare of children within different areas of communities which must provide equal standards and support for the children who need to be cared for such as Looked after children and their families. The Children Act is the key legislation for child protection as the needs Of the child are paramount.
The five specific rights Of children are: Be health, Stay safe, Enjoy and achieve, Make a positive contribution, Achieve economic well-being The Children Act has brought together a range of different laws for example it gives local authorities responsibility for fostering, child minding, day care and residential care for children. People caring for looked after children are expected within the act to provide equal standards of support to a child, for example a career needs to undergo training, monitoring and support to ensure they provide the correct care for a LACE (Looked after children) by working together with the right authorities to ensure that the LACE (Looked after children) is safeguarded from harm by understanding the process in which the Law to care for a looked after child initials.
The process would involve a court order made by the local authorities to be cared for by responsible individual if the child is in harms ay e. G. Alcoholic parents, the court order would give parental responsibility to the authorities to work with the parents to find the right careers to care for the LACE (Looked after children) if they are unable or unequipped to do so. A good example of how partnership can be properly investigated is the story of one of my service user’s family member who is a single mom with two disabled children who received help from social services to care for her children as she Was unable to do so e. G. She did not have resources and knowledge of how to care for her children in order to meet their needs.
Social revises are given parental responsibility by the court which is shared with parents of the Looked after children, such as birth mothers and fathers who are automatically given parental responsibility. When a looked after child is the accommodated the parent’s parental responsibility is still retained e. G. They still have a say in how the child is cared for and are still given authority to make decision of the child’s care needs. Policy documents Local authorities provide services that are designed through individual assessment of each child as to find out the needs that they require e. G. Care assistants coming in to help the mother, transport that is available through social services to take the looked after child to specialized schools.
These services given through social services became a partnership whereby it minimizes any disadvantages that a looked after child may experience such as the women with two disabled children. The services provided have given the family the opportunity to lead normal lives as possible though the support and encouragement of the care team and professional practitioners available at their disposal, this is the kind of legislation that the Children’s Act revises, as every child matters in regards to receiving care and support through services provided. Task 2: Review existing practices of partnership at service user, professional and organizational level A range of service user groups Health and social service providers spend most Of their time and resources in meeting the needs of service users.
The first range of providing service that have found to be relevant in working in partnership for a range of different users is meeting the needs of older people, through the contributions from social care and the INS (National Health Service). The INS new development introduced by government has contributed in partnership services that has become an advantage of services which they provide for the elderly e. G. Against age discrimination. The INS services provide care regardless of age but provide care more on the basis of clinical needs alone. The good treatment received by the INS & social services enable service users to have a say on how and what care that they receive and choices about their own care e. G. Through personal care assessments, access to rehabilitation resources, finding the elderly suitable living arrangements be it in home care or being placed in a care setting.
The INS work in partnership with other agencies where appropriate through specialist services, as the stroke services units that an elderly individual would have access for diagnostic services received by the multi-disciplinary team to help the service user in rehabilitation. And in return the service user would be able to lead an active life and well-being through the support given. The second range of new development within working in partnership is the service given to people with Mental Health problems within the INS. INS plan (DO 2010) that has been boosted by new primary care by health workers to treat people with common mental health problems e. G.
Anxiety management and cognitive therapy. New developments to community care teams are good examples of how partnership with the INS has actively contributed in meeting the needs of the mentally disabled, services such as community teams. According to the Mental health act (1983) there are three types of intervention teams in relationship to partnership with service users e. G. Assertive outreach teams (The service is aimed at adults suffering from severe and enduring mental health problems who are reluctant or unable to engage with mental health revises effectively)- the teams partnership focuses on people, who might need hospital admission, by providing intensive support.
Crisis intervention teams (They provide multi;disciplinary assessment and, if appropriate, offer Home Treatment as an alternative to hospital admission) home treatment teams or alternative to in- patient care for people experiencing an acute mental health crisis. Early intervention teams (This service is for people aged 18-35 experiencing their first onset of psychosis. Once accepted service users can remain with the team for up to 3 years) – by targeting service users thin this age group with first presentation of psychotic symptoms for example the team at the Antidisestablishmentarianism. Ins. UK(2007)would help in reducing progressive stages towards the psychosis.
The Mental health act ensures that both INS and social services provide mental health by reducing discrimination and social exclusion associated with mental health problems, by delivering better primary health care e. G. Consistent advice and help for people with mental health needs and by ensuring health and social service assess the needs by providing regular care to those with severe mental illness o receive the support for their needs. New development of the Mental Health act sees new developments set by government that has replace the 1 983 mental health act with new legislation that help different mental health organizations. Physical disability The third range of working in partnership that has been investigated and researched is with service users with learning difficulties.
Developments are now put in place that are been based around having long-stay hospital consultants responsible for every aspect of life. New developments of the INS have allowed various agencies involved acknowledging their susceptibilities and how within their roles these new developments can be implemented. The benefits of getting it right can include maximizing individual’s chance of recovery, improved hospital bed usage, informed staff that no exactly what is expected of them to make care available for the individual. This holistic service through effective partnership working has helped the lives of those with learning disabilities. The new learning disability development fund as been developed by people with learning difficulty which is lead by government.
At a local level services are overseen by new learning readership boards which bring together all key public, private and voluntary agencies together with people main aim in working with local services is the active involvement of a board range of people with learning difficulties relevant policies set in place to practice them effectively by involving people with learning difficulties at every stage of the service provision. Learning difficulties via specialist INS key part of its new development is to provide the facilities necessary for specialist learning disability practitioners to use their skills to help people with learning disabilities access mainstream primary care ND hospital services.
The fourth example are Looked after children refers to children who are cared for and are accommodated by their local authorities, it also refers to children in public care, be it in foster care, in residential homes or with parents or other relatives e. G. Reasons can include family related issues, death or incapacity. These are the groups of people in society who are the most vulnerable, so the love, attention and support needs to be addressed. The term Looked After was introduced in the 1989 Children’s Act. One example of looked after children organization that am aware of which is he supportive approached done by the local authority. In regards to the Demean hospice for children the organizations choice of partnership helps to support children and young people (0-19) who are not expected to reach adulthood.
They offer support and provide the necessary short breaks and a range of services benefiting children, young people and their families, team specialist community nurses who come to the family home to nurse the terminally ill child if the family are unable to do so, they also provide accommodation for families who wish to Stay with their children at the existential site, which is the decision that the family chooses to do as they do not want to miss the last days of the child’s life. The access of being looked after by trained nurses and careers 24/7 at the hospice is a productive way in which the organization has formulated methods in which to support the sick child e. G. By providing better medical care in a safe, relaxing environment, socializing environment in which to be in.
Other families who are going though the same experience of having a terminally ill child provide each other with the support system in which they need to cope with the ordeal that they re experiencing of having to know that would lose their child sooner or later, through sharing their experiences with one another they give each other the support that they each need to get by. Just the thought of knowing that they are not going through it alone is a huge relief for any family. The agreement with the hospice and the families allow for the families allows for the families the opportunity to be involved with any decisions made on the welfare of the child’s health.
Inter-professional practice/Organizations practice and policies According to Glasses (2004) In Legerdemain’s Health and Social care -? understanding Welfare: Social issues, Policy and Practice Chapter 4 Page 65 it states that reviewing in health and social care in relation to partnership allows for organizations to stop for a moment as seeing how effective the service which they deliver has been received well to seen. ‘ice users. This helps answer questions, process of appraising what we have achieved e. G. Maybe through adjusting goals, being reflective, showing clear roles of service users and careers. According to Adams, R (2007). Foundations of Health and Social care. Bassoonists: Palaver Macmillan page 265 Reviewing should be flexible and open for change at all times.
Organizational practices can use review as a way for them to take the time to examine and discuss what has been achieved so far. Also helps care staff to find reasons to revisit earlier care plans and to formulate new assessment plans. Through reviewing organizations can evaluate areas of their partnership that has been done effectively and what still remains to be done e. G. Separate the positive from the negative and making correct judgment of the work as a whole e. G. If the review has met any targets through the new goals put forward by one or more service providers present at the review meeting, also new changes to existing goals can be brought up so that these goals can be highlighted and discussed further.
Reviewing not only gives organizations the opportunity to work in partnership but it also helps to keep those concerned within the partnership productively involved in the empowerment Of supplying services to those service users who need their care. For example communication with staff combined with a tough approach to confronting poor practice can help to turn around performance if things are not going as well as it should be within the workplace. In order for partnership to be successful it is important hat health care workers able themselves to work collaboratively. Most health and social care workers whatever their individual roles and responsibilities should be able to work with other organizations which form up wider team of individuals who have the same goals which is making the life’s of service users better e. G. Private & public sector.
The differences in organizational practice at times depends on the structure and size of the organization and those in different departments who form the hierarchy, such as management and how individuals within the working groups interact professionally. Task 3: Evaluate the partnership outcomes, at all level, for service users, practitioners and organizations Positive and negative outcomes for service users All partners have a chance within the partnership to share learning through experiences. E. G. Supervision within the workplace can give service providers a better view of how they perform their work through feedback from the skills that they have attained, through proper guidance.
They reassure people that co-operation & collaboration between different groups and organizations are possible which enables people in groups to join together as to achieve shared oils. Also there are means in which agencies can work together to solve problems they could not tackle alone e. G. Shared training, staff accessing a broader range of resources and skills. With positive outcomes that can arise there are always negative outcomes that can arise through partnership working. When there are lots of groups and partnership this may lead to misunderstanding and confusion about the allocation of tasks and responsibilities within and between them.
When partnership becomes ineffective it can result in the disadvantaged/vulnerable individuals being put n a worse position than they were before such as their health would be affected. It is also difficult for organizations with diverse cultures as working together can lead to difference of opinion e. G. We had an unruly service user at work because health staff where used to him and knew how to manage him they would priorities treating different kinds of patients through the long period of time in which they worked at the organization to know how to handle such services users, compared to the health and social service agency staff would view the unruly service user differently.
Some would apply to searchers in schools who are more likely to exclude unruly pupils while social workers would be more committed to working against excluding pupils. The negative outcomes vary which is how conflicts and disagreements may arise between partnerships. Because of the demands some partnerships maybe short lived due to the poor resources and commitment by staff. Transparency Of information within partnership is another negative outcome for services users if information about them is given without there consent. The Data protection Act 1998 stops any information from being misused wrongfully. The act gives the service user the right to only have their information shared with by the appropriate people or agencies handling their care.
The act ensures that personal information is fairly and lawfully processed. Processed for limited purposes, adequate, relevant for the purposes that are intended for. Reducing negative outcomes Negative outcome within the level of service can also lead to service user, practitioners’ and organization of getting the service users care wrong e. G. A poor service to patients which would lead them to have a slow recovery, the doctor not knowing what to happen to heir patients, social service receiving inappropriate referrals, breakdown in communication. This wrong practice between partners would not contribute much to the service user who seeded assistance in their care.