Lebanon is currently facing a critical unemployment situation, compounded by political instability both at the regional and national levels, and made worse by the influx of approximately 1. 5 million refugees from Syria. ” 1 Question 2- Who is problem affecting and how? It is obvious that the answer to this question would be the Lebanese youth, who are the most affected by the problem of unemployment. But we cannot limit the problem because it affects the whole community and the economical system. After receiving their certificates, new graduates are in search of jobs. But sadly they hit the wall of unemployment.
They do not find jobs in the field of their specialization or any job at all. This has an impact on the parents of the unemployed students too, because when they do not work, they are still financed by their parents. “At present, the overall unemployment rate in Lebanon stands at 24 percent with youth unemployment exceeding 35 percent. ” 2 This rate hinders economic growth. Inputs decrease which leads to a decline in production and the total output Of the economy decreases. Question 3- Who are the actors involved? There are many actors that are being involved in the youth unemployment’s problem. One of these actors is the private sector.
The private sector requires abilities, which depend on the economy structure. Because of the macroeconomic uncertainty, the economy is still bolted in low-wage equilibrium and a low productivity-3 Thus, this results in youth unemployment problem. Moreover, the presence of many refugees in Lebanon plays a main role in youth unemployment. Compared to Lebanese nationals, the refugees’ workers are more attractive due to their low wages. This leads to employers’ refusal to pay higher salaries or to train new workers. The domination of the high-qualified private universities in Lebanon is another actor in the problem.
Only individuals from high classes can attend private universities. However, others who are from middle or low class, either they attend public or less qualified private universities. Since graduates from high-qualified universities have the priority to have job, this leads to youth unemployment. In addition, the Ministry of Education and Higher Education can be considered an important factor in the problem. The Vocational and Technical Education sector in Lebanon is highly fragmented. Many private institutions and ministries lack any kind of overarching mechanism or strategic vision in order to define skills achievement.
Also, people in civic vocational training obtain very obsolete and limited practical experience and competencies. Therefore, the combination of “learning and on-the job training” that aid a soft shift into the labor market is very narrow in Lebanon. Indeed, youth unemployment remains a serious problem in Lebanon due to several actors. Question 4- What is the role of legislative, executive and judiciary in this matter? Legislative: should work on drafting and passing laws and new domestic policies aimed at decreasing youth unemployment.
One example would be mandatory enrollment in the army if a person failed to get job within a certain time period. Executive: create agencies that make sure the laws and policies set by the executive branch are being adhered to. Judicial: should pass the legislative branch’s proposals for laws easily if they are viable and have a good chance of succeeding. The amount of red tape associated with the legislative branch and their proposals for new laws will depend on how tough the judicial branch decides to be. Question 5- How would you get government’s attention?
The government needs to play its part in tackling youth unemployment. The young generation today doesn’t seem to pay lots of attention into performing ask, learning, or even getting jobs at an early age. There is lots of evidence showing that young people who don’t do so are more likely to be unemployed or earning low wages later in life. For students taking a route through A levels and university, the path is fairly clear and the outcomes (for the most part) are good. For school leavers choosing an alternative route into work, the transition is more complex and confusing and the support they receive is weaker.
The result is a large minority of young people still enters the labor market with poor standards of literacy and innumeracy, lacking in skills and thou a qualification that makes them attractive to potential employers. Many of these, fail to secure employment at all. Therefore, the government should act upon changing (or modifying) this standard It should be strengthening links between employers and education, because the evidence shows that the more contact young people have with employers before they first look for a job, the easier their transition into work will be.
Hence, to get the governments attention, the youth should create themselves new tasks in order to interact with new jobs and get to know what is it like to get employed and to know the various actors at hand. Question 6- What should the solution be? In face of such a dramatic situation, whose negative ramifications on the economic, social and security fabric of the country are immense, innovative solutions have to be found and applied. This calls for the need to create jobs within our borders, building on the country’s talented human resources that are widely known to be competent, adaptable and resilient, with a flair for linguistics. The solutions the government can suggest are to derive improvements in careers education and guidance so that all young people have face-to-face careers interviews with a specialist adviser. It should create a separate support and benefits system for young people, focused on training for future employment and not just shoe-hording them into the first available job. It should completely overhaul the apprenticeship system to make it a highly regarded route for young people, rather than a way for employers to get a government subsidy towards their own training costs.
Moreover, the government is a policy maker; besides, the government is a major employer. It should set an example by increasing the links between its employees and schools. Government employees should be visiting local schools to speak bout their work, and school pupils and students should have more opportunities to experience life in government workplaces. “To help us achieve such crucial job creations, the curricula throughout the education system should be adapted to future labor market needs. Today, there is a structural gap between needs and competence. 6 We have a surplus of doctors, engineers and lawyers that the country can hardly absorb, but a lack of specialized skilled workers. In addition to the needed transformation in education and labor market upgrades, what is also essential is to develop small- and medium-sized enterprises. This was confirmed by a recent World Bank report, “Jobs or Privileges: Unleashing the Employment Potential of the Middle East and North Africa (2014),” that gave highest priority to establishing these enterprises. 7 Such young firms and startups create jobs in Lebanon. And finally, speeding up the process of finalizing the oil and gas -reel exploration and production projects is would create massive me opportunities at all levels on a sustainable basis. Government AR action is here urgently needed. 8 Question 7- How the solution s implemented? At the point when taking a gander at arrangements, we ought etc hat we require a flourishing economy to make openings for wool adolescent and more established individuals.
Governments can’ upon to give occupations in the general population segment for The fundamental part of the legislature is to expel hindrances kef youngsters from participating in entrepreneurial exercises, and framework and environment that permits these endeavors to chi innovativeness of youngsters towards a socially mindful and pre economy. Question 8- What can be challenges to implementing According to Industry Minister Hussein Hajj Hosannas “The true b the obstacles to progress that live in the policies of the act that Lebanon imports $1 9 billion worth of products each ye. Sports $4 billion, leaving the country with an annual deficit bud billion. 10 Question 9- When can the solution succeed? If what… What is common in this country is that nothing ever worked and ever work, this is the country and it will stay like this. But we Lab have been living in denial since the civil war. It is this denial that from succeeding. The solutions will work if there is no more cord country. The solution will work when the government Will actual what is related to the public interest. If people fight against whale offering from they might implement the solution.
The solution people actually respect what is called laws, regulations and police the government sues whoever is out of the law and do not follow’. Might thing that it is something impossible in Lebanon, but whew group starts and it expands, it will have its brunt in the common.